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Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley Faeth

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Symbiotic relationships between plants and fungi are extremely common in nature, ranging from highly parasitic to closely mutualistic. Grasses, which are common and ecologically important components ... More


Evolutionary Conservation Genetics

Jacob Höglund

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214211
eISBN:
9780191706660
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214211.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Conservation genetics focuses on understanding the role and requirement of genetic variation for population persistence. However, considerable debate now surrounds the role of genetic factors (as ... More


Clonality: The Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Sexual Abstinence in Vertebrate Animals

John C. Avise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195369670
eISBN:
9780199871063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369670.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

About 99.9% of vertebrate species reproduce sexually. This makes the exceptional 0.1%—the asexual or clonal reproducers—fascinating in their own right, and also uniquely instructive about the ... More


Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

C. Neal Stewart

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

From years prior to the release of the first commercial transgenic crop in 1995 to the present, many concerned activists, regulators, and scientists have questioned how genetic engineering might ... More


WHO CAN WE TRUST?

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

To make decisions successfully on how to use GE for the betterment of humankind and the environment, the public will need to understand the scientific process and learn to distinguish high-quality ... More


Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

John R. B. Lighton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

The measurement of metabolic rates is important in many areas of science. Examples range from ecology through a broad spectrum of physiological disciplines to biomedical fields such as genetic ... More


Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Rosalind James and Theresa L. Pitts-Singer (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Bees play a vital role as pollinators for many agricultural crops. This book discusses the interplay between bees, agriculture, and the environment. Although honey bees are well recognized as ... More


Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

N. Ann Davis, Richard Keshen, and Jeff McMahan (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This book pays to tribute to Jonathan Glover, a pioneering figure whose thought and personal influence have had a significant impact on applied philosophy. In topics that include genetic engineering, ... More


Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction

Stephen Wilkinson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199273966
eISBN:
9780191706585
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273966.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

To what extent should parents be allowed to use selection technologies (such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis) to determine the characteristics of their children? And is there something morally ... More


Introduction: “Where Do We Fit?”

Rosanna Hertz

in Single by Chance, Mothers by Choice: How Women are Choosing Parenthood without Marriage and Creating the New American Family

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195179903
eISBN:
9780199944118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179903.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter introduces Part II of this book. It begins by noting how David Letterman used humor to shirk fatherhood's responsibilities before his child was even born. His comments bespeak a larger ... More


Creation Ethics: Reproduction, Genetics, and Quality of Life

David DeGrazia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195389630
eISBN:
9780199949731
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389630.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The ethics of creating—or declining to create—people has been addressed in several contexts: debates over abortion and embryo research; literature on “self-creation”; discussions of procreative ... More


Conclusion: Ordinary Lives, Extraordinary Circumstances

Rosanna Hertz

in Single by Chance, Mothers by Choice: How Women are Choosing Parenthood without Marriage and Creating the New American Family

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195179903
eISBN:
9780199944118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179903.003.0102
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter concludes Part II of this book. While American society has reached a new marital low point and has begun the reconstruction of family life, it has not seen the demise of the master ... More


New Technologies and Human Rights

Thérèse Murphy (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562572
eISBN:
9780191705328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562572.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The first IVF baby was born in the 1970s. Less than twenty years later, cloning and GM food were popular talking-points, and information and communication technologies had transformed everyday life. ... More


Evolutionary Innovations: The Business of Biotechnology

Maureen McKelvey

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297246
eISBN:
9780191685316
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Knowledge Management

This book examines the initial commercial uses of genetic engineering. Genetic engineering is one of the most modern, controversial and dynamic of the science-based technologies. It is not an object, ... More


Silver Spoons and Golden Genes: Talent Differentials and Distributive Justice

Hillel Steiner

in The Moral and Political Status of Children

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242689
eISBN:
9780191598715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242682.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

There is an important distinction between a person's ’initial genetic endowment’ and his ’post‐conception inputs’ such as nutrition and education. From a left‐libertarian perspective that views ... More


Choosing Children: Genes, Disability, and Design

Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199290925
eISBN:
9780191710452
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290925.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Progress in genetic and reproductive technology now offers us the possibility of choosing what kinds of children we do and don't have. Should we welcome this power, or should we fear its ... More


The Biology of Homosexuality

Jacques Balthazart

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This book presents a simple description of the biological mechanisms that are involved in the determination of sexual orientation in animals and also presumably in humans. Using scientific studies ... More


Epilogue

Joel Mokyr

in The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074772
eISBN:
9780199854981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074772.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the search for the causes of technological progress. It observes that, in the past ten years, a veritable revolution has occurred in a wide variety of fields, from genetic ... More


Computational Molecular Evolution

Ziheng Yang

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198567028
eISBN:
9780191728280
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567028.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The field of molecular evolution has experienced explosive growth in recent years due to the rapid accumulation of genetic sequence data, continuous improvements to computer hardware and software, ... More


Reticulate evolution of disease vectors and diseases

Michael L. Arnold

in Reticulate Evolution and Humans: Origins and Ecology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199539581
eISBN:
9780191716225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539581.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A goal shared by this chapter with all the other parts of this book is to emphasize the ubiquity of reticulate evolution as an agent of genetic and evolutionary change. Another goal, unique to the ... More


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