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Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Samir Okasha

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Does natural selection act primarily on individual organisms, on groups, on genes, or on whole species? This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the long-standing controversy in evolutionary ... More


Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Rosalind James and Theresa L. Pitts-Singer (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Bees play a vital role as pollinators for many agricultural crops. This book discusses the interplay between bees, agriculture, and the environment. Although honey bees are well recognized as ... More


Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

C. Neal Stewart

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

From years prior to the release of the first commercial transgenic crop in 1995 to the present, many concerned activists, regulators, and scientists have questioned how genetic engineering might ... More


Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Jan Bures, F. Bermudez-Rattoni, and T. Yamamoto

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Conditioned taste aversion (CTA) is a robust defence device protecting animals against the repeated consumption of toxic food. CTA is due to an association of the gustatory conditional stimulus (CS) ... More


Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 117: 2001 Lectures

F.M.L. Thompson (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197262795
eISBN:
9780191753954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262795.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This book contains the texts of 17 lectures, delivered to the British Academy in 2001. Topics include Chinese Mountain Painting, prosperity and power in the age of Bede and Beowulf, Glyn Dwr, ... More


The Molecular Organography of Plants

Quentin Cronk

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199550357
eISBN:
9780191720154
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550357.001.1
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Developmental Biology

This book surveys the momentous morphological change in plant evolution that created the terrestrial biosphere as we know it today. It takes as its premise that the study of plant evolution at its ... More


Statistics and Informatics in Molecular Cancer Research

Carsten Wiuf and Claus L. Andersen (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199532872
eISBN:
9780191714467
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532872.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

This book discusses novel advances in informatics and statistics in molecular cancer research. Through eight chapters it discusses specific topics in cancer research, talks about how the topics give ... More


Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Minoru Fukuda, Urs Rutishauser, and Ronald L. Schnaar (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

In the past decade, there have been tremendous developments in the understanding of the structure, biosynthesis, and function of glycoconjugates present in the nervous system. These developments were ... More


Models of Cellular Regulation

Baltazar Aguda, Avner Friedman, and Visiting Associate Professor, The Ohio State University

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The human genome of three billion letters has been sequenced. So have the genomes of thousands of other organisms. With unprecedented resolution, modern technologies are allowing us to peek into the ... More


 Evolution of the DNA World and the Chance Events That Accompanied It: More about Complexity

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

First life-forms appeared at least as early as 3.5 billion years ago in the form of prokaryotes. Some of these species developed oxygenic photosynthesis, which resulted in the presence of oxygen gas ... More


The Gene's‐Eye View and its Discontents

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the ‘genic’ view of evolution associated with Williams, Dawkins, Maynard Smith, and others. A distinction is drawn between the process of genic selection and a gene's eye ... More


Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Günter P. Wagner

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Homology—a similar trait shared by different species and derived from common ancestry, such as a seal's fin and a bird's wing—is one of the most fundamental yet challenging concepts in evolutionary ... More


 Creationist Purpose and Irreducible Complexity Rebutted

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter rebuts irreducible complexity and creationism by explaining the reliability of dating techniques as well as sophisticated laboratory techniques that allow researchers to synthesize ... More


The Neuromolecular Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the neuromolecular and plastic brain. Ideas about plasticity and the openness of brains to environment influences, from initial evidence about nerve development, through the ... More


Dollo parsimony and the reconstruction of genome evolution

Igor B. Rogozin, Yuri I. Wolf, Vladimir N. Babenko, and Eugene V. Koonin

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Dollo parsimony method is based on the assumption that a complex character that has been lost during evolution of a particular lineage cannot be regained. When applicable, this principle leads to ... More


Emergent properties

Michael L. Arnold

in Evolution through Genetic Exchange

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199229031
eISBN:
9780191728266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229031.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter begins by reflecting upon the major theme of this book: that genetic exchange is pervasive across all biological lineages. It discusses the implications of this regarding the ... More


Development of the Floral Organs

Beverley J. Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

It is becoming clear that flower development is a cascade, with flowering time integrators activating floral meristem identity genes which activate floral organ identity genes. The floral organ ... More


The challenge of assessing complex gene– environment and gene–gene interactions

Peter Kraft and David J. Hunter

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the study of gene-environment and gene-gene interactions in genetic epidemiology. It starts with a review of the definition of statistical gene-environment interaction, which ... More


Beyond Evolution: Human Nature and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation

Anthony O'Hear

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250043
eISBN:
9780191598111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250045.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The theory of evolution may be successful in explaining natural history, but it is of limited value when applied to the human world. Because of our reflectiveness and rationality, as embodied in ... More


Fluid genomes, uncertain species, and the genetics of crop domestication

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter reviews new research findings that are changing our ideas of the nature of genomes and of biological species. All genomes, from bacteria to humans, are constantly changing with DNA being ... More


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