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Cell Types and Their Origins

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the developmental evolution of cell types, the lowest level of biological organization for which questions of identity (that is, cell identity) play a major role. Higher ... More


The Genetics of Evolutionary Novelties

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the molecular genetics of evolutionary novelties. In particular, it investigates which molecular mechanisms might be involved in the origination of novel gene regulatory ... More


The unity of type: ancient homologies in the genome

Antonio Fontdevila

in The Dynamic Genome: A Darwinian Approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199541379
eISBN:
9780191728532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541379.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

The controversy on the ‘unity of type’, exploited as an antievolutionist argument and based on the difficulty of revealing ancient homologies, is introduced using a historical approach. First the ... More


Models of Cellular Regulation

Baltazar Aguda, Avner Friedman, and Visiting Associate Professor, The Ohio State University

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The human genome of three billion letters has been sequenced. So have the genomes of thousands of other organisms. With unprecedented resolution, modern technologies are allowing us to peek into the ... More


Lessons and Challenges

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book has argued for the reality of a class of biological entities that have a hard time finding their place in a theory of evolution based on genetics and population biology. These entities, or ... More


Genetic networks

Ernesto Estrada

in The Structure of Complex Networks: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199591756
eISBN:
9780191774959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591756.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses the structural analysis of genetic networks. It starts by introducing general concepts of molecular biology and by accounting for the different kinds of genetic networks that ... More


Synthetic Gene Regulatory Systems

Mads Kærn and Ron Weiss

in System Modeling in Cellular Biology: From Concepts to Nuts and Bolts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195485
eISBN:
9780262257060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195485.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter focuses on the mathematical design and experimental implementation of selected synthetic gene regulatory networks that embody important architectural properties. The chapter is organized ... More


Gene-regulatory networks: from DNA to metabolites and back

Baltazar D. Aguda and Avner Friedman

in Models of Cellular Regulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

DNA has at least three functions essential to life: (i) its chemistry provides a mechanism for replicating genes (via the Watson–Crick base pairing); (ii) in its long strands are nucleotide sequences ... More


Mammalian homeo box genes: evolutionary and regulatory aspects of a network gene system

Frank H. Riddle and Claudia Kappen

in Origins of the Human Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523901
eISBN:
9780191689048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523901.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The homeo box was first discovered as a common DNA sequence element in homeotic genes of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. Homeotic genes are organized in two gene clusters in the Drosophila ... More


Introduction: What This Book Aims to Do and What It Is Not

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book examines homology, the correspondence of characters from different species or even within the same organism, from a mechanistic perspective. Homology is explained by derivation from a ... More


Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Günter P. Wagner

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Homology—a similar trait shared by different species and derived from common ancestry, such as a seal's fin and a bird's wing—is one of the most fundamental yet challenging concepts in evolutionary ... More


Development on the wing: how to make a wing pattern different

Chris D. Jiggins

in The Ecology and Evolution of Heliconius Butterflies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199566570
eISBN:
9780191833922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566570.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Butterfly wings form as imaginal disks in the caterpillar, and are patterned by a gene regulatory network that increases in complexity through development, providing an exemplary system for the study ... More


From genes to gene regulatory networks: the progressive historical construction of a genetic theory of development and evolution

Michel Morange

in Towards a Theory of Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199671427
eISBN:
9780191781117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671427.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Developmental Biology

Within the field of evo-devo, different models coexist that give genes more or less important roles in the control of development and evolution. The gene regulatory network (GRN) model proposed by ... More


Floral development: an integrated view

Hicham Chahtane, Grégoire Denay, Julia Engelhorn, Marie Monniaux, Edwige Moyroud, Fanny Moreau, Cristel Carles, Gabrielle Tichtinsky, Chloe Zubieta, and François Parcy

in From Molecules to Living Organisms: An Interplay Between Biology and Physics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches School of Physics: Volume 102, July 2014

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198752950
eISBN:
9780191814426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752950.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter reviews our current knowledge about the development of flowers in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. It describes how a flower develops at the morphological level and the nature of ... More


Evolutionary Development of Marine Larvae

Heather Marlow (ed.)

in Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786962
eISBN:
9780191829086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786962.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Access to a growing number of marine invertebrates with genetic and genomic tools has broadened our understanding of the diversity of developmental mechanisms, informing our understanding of larval ... More


An introduction to modeling the initiation of the floral primordium

Christophe Godin, Eugenio Azpeitia, and Etienne Farcot

in From Molecules to Living Organisms: An Interplay Between Biology and Physics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches School of Physics: Volume 102, July 2014

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198752950
eISBN:
9780191814426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752950.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter presents models of processes involved in the initiation and development of a flower. Models of hormonal transport are briefly described, focusing on two key aspects of floral ... More


Mechanisms underlying feeding-structure plasticity in echinoderm larvae

Benjamin G. Miner

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Feeding larvae from several classes of echinoderms alters the size of their feeding structures in response to food concentrations. When food is scarce, larvae produce longer arms and smaller ... More


Evo-devo

Tony J. Prescott and Leah Krubitzer

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

This chapter explores how principles underlying natural evo-devo (evolution and development) continue to inspire the design of artificial systems from models of cell growth through to simulated ... More


Towards a Theory of Development

Alessandro Minelli and Thomas Pradeu (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199671427
eISBN:
9780191781117
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671427.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Developmental Biology

Is it possible to explain and predict the development of living things? And is the formulation of theories helpful to achieve this aim? This volume offers an in-depth examination of the role of ... More


Organismal Innovation

Jeffrey H. Schwartz

in Innovation in Cultural Systems: Contributions from Evolutionary Anthropology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013338
eISBN:
9780262259101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013338.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes the innovation of systematics and phylogeny. It reviews the relevant elements of biological change and how they map on or relate to the notions of “invention” and “innovation.” ... More


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