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 Violence and Discrimination toward Women and Children

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating variables relevant to violence toward children, pregnant women, and the elderly, as well as gender discrimination and sexual harassment are presented, stressing the impact of these ... More


The Student Years: Eighteen to Thirty-Two

Mary Ann Mason and Eve Mason Ekman

in Mothers on the Fast Track: How a New Generation Can Balance Family and Careers

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195182675
eISBN:
9780199944019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182675.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Choosing to enter a high-status male-dominated profession requires years of additional training, financial sacrifice, and hard work. This chapter argues that although some ambitious young ... More


The Japanese Employment System

Marcus Rebick

in The Japanese Employment System: Adapting to a New Economic Environment

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199247240
eISBN:
9780191602566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247242.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Reviews the stylised features of Japan’s employment system as it existed prior to the mid-1980s. The features described include employment protection, the complex compensation system, enterprise ... More


Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Francine D. Blau

Anne C. Gielen and Klaus F. Zimmermann (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This book contains extensive research on progress made by women in the labour market, and the characteristics and causes of remaining gender inequalities. It also covers other indicators of gender ... More


Women in the Labour Market

Marcus Rebick

in The Japanese Employment System: Adapting to a New Economic Environment

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199247240
eISBN:
9780191602566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247242.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter focuses on the treatment of women and the women’s labour market. Looks at the problem of gender discrimination in the labour market in Japan and at government efforts to resolve this ... More


On the Tension between Sex Equality and Religious Freedom *

Cass Sunstein

in Toward a Humanist Justice: The Political Philosophy of Susan Moller Okin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195337396
eISBN:
9780199868681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337396.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter discusses the challenge that religious liberty poses to gender equality, a challenge that was central to Okin's rejection of a blanket endorsement for multiculturalism. This chapter ... More


Bare Life: Restroom Anxiety and the Urge for Control

Harvey Molotch

in Against Security: How We Go Wrong at Airports, Subways, and Other Sites of Ambiguous Danger

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163581
eISBN:
9781400852338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163581.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter takes up what might at first appear an unlikely setting for examining security dynamics: the public restroom. There are lessons to be taken from this venue, so often ignored in serious ... More


Introduction and Overview

Valentine M. Moghadam

in Patriarchy and Development: Women's Positions at the End of the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290230
eISBN:
9780191684807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290230.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The ‘feminization of labour’, or what others would refer to as the ‘globalization of female labour’ has been an emerging phenomenon. In several countries around the world, it is observable that the ... More


Poverty and Human Rights: Sen’s Contributions in Economics

Polly Vizard

in Poverty and Human Rights: Sen's 'Capability Perspective' Explored

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199273874
eISBN:
9780191699719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273874.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on Amartya Sen's research agenda and how it has focused international attention on the importance of fundamental freedoms and human rights for economic analysis as he contrasts ... More


Loss of Emotional Management

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Emotions are contagious and under any conditions, human service delivery environments demand the highest levels of emotional labor from workers, who must contain the overwhelming and distressing ... More


“strict justice for every man, woman, and child”: Gender, Justice, and the Freedmen's Bureau

Mary Farmer-Kaiser

in Freedwomen and the Freedmen's Bureau: Race, Gender, and Public Policy in the Age of Emancipation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823232116
eISBN:
9780823234943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823232116.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

Operating at best with a belief that freedmen and women required “a guardian rather than a jailor or hangman”, Freedmen's Bureau officials worked not only to defend the rights ... More


Women

Stacey J. Rees and Wendy Chavkin

in Social Injustice and Public Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171853
eISBN:
9780199865352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171853.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes how social injustice affects the health of women and the underlying causes and roots of social injustice against women. It discusses what needs to be done, including increasing ... More


Adolescence, Discrimination, and the Law: Addressing Dramatic Shifts in Equality Jurisprudence

Roger J.R. Levesque

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479815586
eISBN:
9781479833597
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479815586.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In the wake of the civil rights movement, the legal system dramatically changed its response to discrimination based on race, gender, and other characteristics. It is now showing signs of yet another ... More


When the State Speaks, What Should It Say?: How Democracies Can Protect Expression and Promote Equality

Corey Brettschneider

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147628
eISBN:
9781400842377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147628.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

How should a liberal democracy respond to hate groups and others that oppose the ideal of free and equal citizenship? The democratic state faces the hard choice of either protecting the rights of ... More


IMPLICIT PROPORTIONALITY PRINCIPLES IN AMERICAN STANDARDS OF CONSTITUTIONAL REVIEW

E. Thomas Sullivan and Richard S. Frase

in Proportionality Principles in American Law: Controlling Excessive Government Actions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195324938
eISBN:
9780199869411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324938.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter analyzes the Supreme Court's general substantive standards of constitutional review. The chapter discusses the presence of implicit proportionality principles within each standard. The ... More


When Cases Become Causes

Lynn S. Chancer

in High-Profile Crimes: When Legal Cases Become Social Causes

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226101125
eISBN:
9780226101132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101132.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses the theme of this volume which is about high profiles cases in the U.S. in the 1980s and 1990s and how they became social causes. Seven cases are studied in this volume ... More


The Violence of Gender Discrimination

Michael Jerryson

in If You Meet the Buddha on the Road: Buddhism, Politics, and Violence

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190683566
eISBN:
9780190683597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190683566.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter reviews the doctrinal and historical controversy surrounding the ordination of women in Buddhist traditions. In the contemporary period, Theravāda female monastic orders have attempted ... More


The Last Bastion of White Male Privilege: Race, Gender, and the FDNY, 1977–1999

David Goldberg

in Black Firefighters and the FDNY: The Struggle for Jobs, Justice, and Equity in New York City

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469633626
eISBN:
9781469633633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469633626.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter looks at the Black experience in the FDNY during the last quarter of the 20th Century. During this period, the City, fire department, and the fire unions all vigorously resisted efforts ... More


Challenges Of Economic Development In Punjab †

Isher Ahluwalia

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, Volume 2: Society, Institutions, and Development

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239979
eISBN:
9780191716874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239979.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

It is believed commonly in India that states such as Punjab, which have largely eliminated income poverty, are on track to achieving sustainable increases in the quality of life of their residents. ... More


A shifting paradigm: engendering the politics of community engagement in India

Martha Farrell and Rajesh Tandon

in "Politics, power and community development"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781447317364
eISBN:
9781447317395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447317364.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

Most approaches to community development in India have paid insufficient attention to gender. In the early days of community development programmes, the government paid virtually no attention to ... More


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