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Ontogeny, Autism, Empathy, and Evolution

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A wide variety of well-studied phenomena associated with mindreading are surveyed to probe the consistency of what is known about them with our version of simulation theory. These phenomena include ... More


Feelings: The Perception of Self

James D. Laird

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195098891
eISBN:
9780199893614
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195098891.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Feelings argues for the counter-intuitive idea that feelings do not cause behavior, but rather follow from behavior, and are, in fact, the way that we know about our own bodily states ... More


Breasted Experience: *: The Look and the Feeling

Iris Marion Young

in On Female Body Experience: “Throwing Like a Girl” and Other Essays

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195161922
eISBN:
9780199786664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195161920.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This essay explores some aspects of the cultural construction of breasts in a male-dominated society, seeking a positive women’s voice for breasted experience. It begins with a discussion of the ... More


Gaze Perception and Visually Mediated Attention

Stephen R. H. Langton

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews some of the work on the perception of gaze direction and shifting of attention, which is triggered by eye gaze. The evidence suggests that the excellent accuracy we display in ... More


Visual Gaze as a Marker of Deaf Students’ Attention During Mediated Instruction

Jeff B. Pelz, Marc Marschark, and Carol Convertino

in Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195368673
eISBN:
9780199894161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368673.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Instruction mediated through sign language interpretation has become more and more common in higher education with the growing presence deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) students. At the same time, it ... More


Technologies of Séparation and the Evolution of Social Extension

Clive Gamble

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Archaeological accounts of cognitive evolution have traditionally favoured an internal model of the mind and a search for symbolic proxies. This chapter argues for an external model of cognition and ... More


Native Motion and Imperial Emotion: Male Performers of the “Orient” and the Politics of the Imperial Gaze

Stavros Stavrou Karayanni

in When Men Dance: Choreographing Masculinities Across Borders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195386691
eISBN:
9780199863600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386691.003.011
Subject:
Music, Dance

Stavros Stavrou Karayanni challenges the Orientalist notion that belly dance was historically a female performance genre through an investigation of the 19th‐century male dancers of Cairo. Analysis ... More


Gaze and Preference-Orienting Behavior as a Somatic Precursor of Preference Decision

Shinsuke Shimojo, Claude Simion, and Mark A. Changizi

in The Science of Social Vision

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195333176
eISBN:
9780199864324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews recent findings that link eye orienting(saccade)mechanism to conscious preference judgment. A systematic gaze bias was observed preceding a cognitive preference decision(the gaze ... More


Midbrain and Forebrain Systems for Bottom-up Control of Spatial Attention

Eric I Knudsen

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents evidence that both forebrain and midbrain systems contribute to the bottom-up control of attention. It argues that these dual systems are linked with the well-studied forebrain ... More


Fifty Ways to Feel Your Pudor

Robert A. Kaster

in Emotion, Restraint, and Community in Ancient Rome

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195140781
eISBN:
9780199789283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140781.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter investigates the many different forms of pudor, the Latin term that roughly corresponds to English “shame”. The concept of face is further explored, the method of describing emotional ... More


VISUAL SAMPLING DURING TEXT READING

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is a review of eye movements during text reading. It starts with a review of the basic patterns of visual sampling during reading, then discusses visual perception during fixations in ... More


The Politics of Presence

Pierre Rosanvallon

in Democratic Legitimacy: Impartiality, Reflexivity, Proximity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149486
eISBN:
9781400838745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149486.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores a new politics of presence, which takes on a variety of forms. For society itself presence is a new way of understanding what belongs to the realm of the political. It has also ... More


Infants' Understanding of the Actions Involved in Joint Attentio n

Amanda L. Woodward

in Joint Attention: Communication and Other Minds: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199245635
eISBN:
9780191715303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245635.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers infants' understanding that acts of attention — looking and pointing — as object-directed, that is, as implying a relation between the agent who produces them and the object at ... More


“I’m Michael Jackson, You Tito”: Kung-Fu Fighters and Hip-Hop Buddies in Martial Arts Buddy Films

Chong Chon-Smith

in East Meets Black: Asian and Black Masculinities in the Post-Civil Rights Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781628462050
eISBN:
9781626745292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628462050.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter argues that the rise of martial arts genre has wide appeal for racialized communities and young audiences because it is the genre of the underdog. The martial arts film had its ... More


Core Cognition: Agency

Susan Carey

in The Origin of Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195367638
eISBN:
9780199867349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367638.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews literature on infants' representations of agents. It characterizes the core domain, detailing the concepts of agency that are at issue. It then sketches evidence that infants ... More


An Oculomotor Tutorial

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean A. Büttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

in The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The vestibular nuclei receive vestibular-related information from canal and otolith afferents as well as from the vestibulocerebellum. In addition and in contrast to other sensory systems, early ... More


INVESTIGATING SOCIAL ATTENTION: A CASE FOR INCREASING STIMULUS COMPLEXITY IN THE LABORATORY

Elina Birmingham, Jelena Ristic, and Alan Kingstone

in Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology: Typical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195315455
eISBN:
9780199979066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Gaze following, a key component of social attention, has received substantial research interest over the past few decades. There has been an increasing trend to study gaze following using controlled ... More


‘L’incerto lembo’: Liminal Topographies from Montale to Sereni 1

Francesca Southerden

in Landscapes of Desire in the Poetry of Vittorio Sereni

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698455
eISBN:
9780191738258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698455.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter considers Sereni’s treatment of the trope of liminality and its relationship to the subject’s status in the field of perception. The case study here is Stella variabile [Variable Star] ... More


The (Queer) Look of Love: Narcissus, Bel Vezer, and Galehaut

Simon Gaunt

in Love and Death in Medieval French and Occitan Courtly Literature: Martyrs to Love

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199272075
eISBN:
9780191709869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272075.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter uses critical models deriving from Lacan's seminar XX, Encore, to suggest that some rather exceptional male characters in medieval texts (notably Galehaut in the Lancelot en prose) offer ... More


From ‘Noshto Neerh’ to Charulata: Ray's Creation of an Audio-visual ‘Aura’ for Tagore's Fiction

Brinda Bose

in Filming Fiction: Tagore, Premchand, and Ray

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198075936
eISBN:
9780199081851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075936.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Satyajit Ray's Charulata (1964) is known for its historical significance and its exquisite cinematic crafting. The film stands on its own merits, with Ray able to transform his abiding interest in ... More


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