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Introduction

A. Schmidt-Rhaesa

in The Evolution of Organ Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566687
eISBN:
9780191718007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566687.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This introductory chapter provides definitions and explains the scope of the book. It explains how conclusions are drawn from trees, how they are used to build these trees, why gametes are included, ... More


 Medically Assisted Reproduction

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating variables relevant to the following topics are presented: criteria for patient selection, egg “donation” and “surrogacy”, multiple gestations, and disposition of in vitro embryos ... More


Autoselection: selfish genetic elements

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Genetic elements that spread by parasitizing the replicative machinery of a host cell are common inhabitants of the genome, especially in multicellular sexual organisms. They show how genetic ... More


Islam and Assisted Reproduction

Marcia C. Inhorn

in The New Arab Man: Emergent Masculinities, Technologies, and Islam in the Middle East

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148885
eISBN:
9781400842629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148885.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter demonstrates how major divergences have occurred in the fatwas being issued by Sunni and Shia religious authorities regarding the permissibility of third-party reproductive assistance. ... More


More Examples: Adaptive Diversification in Dispersal Rates, the Evolution of Anisogamy, and the Evolution of Trophic Preference

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores three more examples that all arise in the context of fundamental ecological and evolutionary questions to further illustrate the diversifying force of frequency-dependent ... More


Reproductive organs

A. Schmidt-Rhaesa

in The Evolution of Organ Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566687
eISBN:
9780191718007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566687.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Animals can reproduce in two ways: asexually or sexually. Both modes have advantages and their evolutionary distribution and significance is discussed in this chapter. In sexually reproducing ... More


The life cycle and its evolution

Alessandro Minelli

in Perspectives in Animal Phylogeny and Evolution

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198566205
eISBN:
9780191713866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566205.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

To some extent, the evolution of multicellular organisms such as metazoans is the evolution of their cells, whose prototypical characters are frequently abandoned, as with syncytia or as a ... More


Treating Children as Commodities

Stephen Wilkinson

in Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199273966
eISBN:
9780191706585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273966.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter evaluates the claim that selecting saviour siblings involves the wrongful instrumentalisation and/or commodification of children. It argues that such claims are generally confused and ... More


Fertility is a Feminist Issue

Ruth Deech and Anna Smajdor

in From IVF to Immortality: Controversy in the Era of Reproductive Technology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199219780
eISBN:
9780191713002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219780.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter explores the effects of fertility treatments on women. The assumption that reproductive technologies are beneficial to women is analysed, and the idea that women and men's interests in ... More


Deconstructing The Family

Ruth Deech and Anna Smajdor

in From IVF to Immortality: Controversy in the Era of Reproductive Technology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199219780
eISBN:
9780191713002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219780.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter explores the ways in which reproductive technologies have affected assumptions about the family. The impact of donor conception is discussed, and the idea that a child has a right to ... More


Barriers to gene flow

Michael L. Arnold

in Evolution through Genetic Exchange

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199229031
eISBN:
9780191728266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229031.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers the barriers that limit genetic exchange. The conceptual framework for this chapter assumes that specific barriers are part of a multi-tiered process. In sexually reproducing ... More


Family, Ancestry, and Self: What Is the Moral Significance of Biological Ties?

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199892631
eISBN:
9780199980055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter argues against an argument one might take from David Velleman's chapter, “Family History,” that acquaintance with one's biological progenitors is important for human well-being—unless ... More


The Treatment Plan for Legal Issues

Naomi R. Cahn

in Test Tube Families: Why the Fertility Market Needs Legal Regulation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814716823
eISBN:
9780814790021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814716823.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter considers the problematic and complicated status of legal regulation of three issues underlying assisted reproductive technology (ART) and other reproductive technologies: the market in ... More


The Risk of a Lifetime: How, When, and Why Procreation May Be Permissible

Rivka Weinberg

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190243708
eISBN:
9780190243722
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190243708.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This book is an argument for giving procreating moral consideration, and a theory of how, when, and why procreation may be permissible. It begins with an analysis of the kind of act procreativity is ... More


Assisted Reproductive Technology

Bonnie Steinbock

in Life Before Birth: The Moral and Legal Status of Embryos and Fetuses

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195341621
eISBN:
9780199897131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341621.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The chapter explores the ethical challenges of assisted reproduction. It begins with the science and the potential for health risks. The chapter goes on to present the “procreative liberty” approach ... More


Donor Identity

Naomi R. Cahn

in Test Tube Families: Why the Fertility Market Needs Legal Regulation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814716823
eISBN:
9780814790021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814716823.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter examines various issues relating to the nature of anonymity and identity disclosure in gamete provision. In particular, it considers the differing and often converging interests that ... More


Expensive Dreams

Naomi R. Cahn

in Test Tube Families: Why the Fertility Market Needs Legal Regulation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814716823
eISBN:
9780814790021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814716823.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter considers the cost barrier to using assisted reproductive technology, with particular emphasis on the jurisprudential and practical issues surrounding the commodification of sperm, eggs, ... More


Being and Owning: The Body, Bodily Material, and the Law

Jesse Wall

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198727989
eISBN:
9780191794285
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727989.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Human Rights and Immigration

When part of a person’s body is separated from them, or when a person dies, it is unclear what legal status the item of bodily material ought to obtain. This book develops a way for the law to ... More


Changing Conceptions

Rachel Bowlby

in A Child of One's Own: Parental Stories

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199607945
eISBN:
9780191760518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199607945.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter considers how the typical story of the process leading to a baby's birth has changed in the wake of in vitro fertilization and related technologies, and how it has always been subject to ... More


The Gifts of Life-Donating Gametes and the Consequences

Louis Waller and Debbie Mortimer

in Law and Medicine: Current Legal Issues Volume 3

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299189
eISBN:
9780191685644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299189.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

Since the development of in vitro fertilization (IVF), donor sperm has been employed successfully in conjunction with oocyte collection and embryo formation. Oocyte donation and embryo donation have ... More


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