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Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

In rich countries, environmental problems are seen as problems of prosperity. In poor countries, they are seen as problems of poverty. This is because the environmental problems in poor ... More


Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Tim Mulgan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book develops a new theory of the obligations to future generations, based on a new Rule Consequentialist account of the morality of individual reproduction. The result is a coherent, ... More


The Rights of Future Generations

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

It is widely believed that environmental conservation has to be guided by respect for the ‘rights’ of future generations. But it is argued in this chapter that it may not be plausible to think in ... More


Justice Between Generations

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Although there are many theories of justice, one crucial feature of those that are most widely accepted is that they lay down principles that determine the allocation of rights and obligations in ... More


Justice to Nature 1: Distributive Approaches

David Schlosberg

in Defining Environmental Justice: Theories, Movements, and Nature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286294
eISBN:
9780191713323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286294.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter presents an overview and critique of many existing distributional theories of ecological justice. After a discussion of some of the key difficulties identified by liberal theorists in ... More


Intergenerational Equity

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Discusses one principle that has been suggested as a guide to the way we ought to take account of the interests of future generations, namely the principle of intergenerational ‘equity’ and its ... More


Sustainable Development

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Another widely suggested principle governing our obligations to future generations is ‘sustainable development’. The first part of this chapter argues that the mainstream interpretations of the ... More


Conclusions

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

It is recalled that serious doubts can be raised concerning the status of theories such as those pertaining to the rights of future generations, or the constraints imposed on us by theories of ... More


Obligations to Future Generations

David DeGrazia

in Creation Ethics: Reproduction, Genetics, and Quality of Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195389630
eISBN:
9780199949731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389630.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Predictable results of global climate change seem to suggest that we have an obligation to make sacrifices to stem the tide of climate change—primarily for the sake of future generations. Do we, in ... More


Representing Mute Interests

Robert E. Goodin

in Reflective Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256174
eISBN:
9780191599354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256179.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

By imagining ourselves in the place of others, ‘democratic deliberation within’ enables us to bring their interests to bear on democratic decision‐making. Democratically desirable though that always ... More


Introduction: Ethics and Economics in Environmental Policy

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

During the last two or three decades, various developments in the environmental sphere have led to increasing concern with our obligations to posterity and to the non‐human part of the natural world. ... More


A Contract on Future Generations?

Stephen M. Gardiner

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Contract theories — such as contractarianism and contractualism — seek to justify (and sometimes to explain) moral and political ideals and principles through the notion of ‘mutually agreeable ... More


Sustainable Development and the Accumulation of Capital: Reconciling the Irreconcilable?

Ted Benton

in Fairness and Futurity: Essays on Environmental Sustainability and Social Justice

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294894
eISBN:
9780191599064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294891.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Here Ted Benton gives a guarded welcome to the normative intentions of sustainable development, arguing that its commitment to the poor as well as to the meeting of future generations’ needs are ... More


What Motivates Us to Care for the (Distant) Future?

Dieter Birnbacher

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Recognising moral responsibility in the abstract is generally not causally sufficient for complying with it in relevant situations, not even in the absence of strong conflicting motives. In the case ... More


“But the Earth Abideth For Ever”: Obligations to Future Generations

Mathias Risse

in On Global Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142692
eISBN:
9781400845507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142692.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter proposes a framework that makes it possible to consider future generations explicitly and presents two future-directed obligations of justice. It argues for a principle of ... More


A Value or an Obligation? Rawls on Justice to Future Generations

David Heyd

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter reviews Rawls' attempt to address the theoretical problem of extending the principles of justice to future generations. It examines the two options suggested by Rawls for solving the ... More


Equity and Duties to Future Generations: The Case of Yucca Mountain

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

in Environmental Justice: Creating Equity, Reclaiming Democracy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152036
eISBN:
9780199833665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152034.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Using case studies focusing on the Yucca Mountain, Nevada Nuclear waste dump, the chapter analyzes the concepts of equal treatment, duties to future generations, and proxy consent. It also shows how ... More


Identity and Obligation in a Transgenerational Polity

Janna Thompson

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Members of a political society typically regard themselves as participating in intergenerational relationships of obligation and entitlement. They value the inheritance they received from past ... More


From Rationality to Equality

James P. Sterba

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199580767
eISBN:
9780191745836
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580767.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Most contemporary moral and political philosophers would like to have an argument showing that morality is rationally required. This book provides just such an argument and further show that ... More


Debates and interventions

Michael Saward

in The Representative Claim

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579389
eISBN:
9780191722950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579389.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The broader usefulness of the claim‐based approach to political representation is addressed in this chapter. It takes up questions of the representation of women, future generations and ‘nature’, and ... More


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