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Ecology and Evolution of the Grass-Endophyte Symbiosis

Gregory P. Cheplick and Stanley Faeth

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308082
eISBN:
9780199867462
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308082.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Symbiotic relationships between plants and fungi are extremely common in nature, ranging from highly parasitic to closely mutualistic. Grasses, which are common and ecologically important components ... More


Mr. Bloomfield's Orchard: The Mysterious World of Mushrooms, Molds, and Mycologists

Nicholas P. Money

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154573
eISBN:
9780199790272
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154573.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

Stinkhorns, puffballs, the “corpse finder”, deadly galerina, Satan's bolete, birch conks, black mold, the old man of the woods — the world of fungi is infinitely varied and this book introduces ... More


Insidious Killers

Nicholas P. Money

in Mr. Bloomfield's Orchard: The Mysterious World of Mushrooms, Molds, and Mycologists

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154573
eISBN:
9780199790272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154573.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the fungal diseases (or mycoses) of humans. Topics covered include benign infections of the skin, hair, and nails caused by fungi called dermatophytes; Madurella mycetomatis, ... More


Learning from Plants, Ants, and Ecosystems

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the interactions between trees and fungus-growing-leaf-cutter ants, arguing that we can learn much from natural communities as long as we don't mistakenly assume perfection. It ... More


A Farewell to Elms

Nicholas P. Money

in Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter describes the global pandemic of Dutch elm disease caused by the fungus, Ophiostoma ulmi. Dutch elm disease was the worst epidemic of urban trees in history. Besides the fascinating ... More


The Decaffeinator

Nicholas P. Money

in Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter describes the history and continuing impact of the rust fungus, Hemileia vastatrix, on coffee crops. In the 19th century, this pathogen wiped-out coffee crops in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and ... More


A Plague upon Your House

Nicholas P. Money

in Carpet Monsters and Killer Spores: A Natural History of Toxic Mold

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172270
eISBN:
9780199790258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172270.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter considers other fungi that grow in buildings. Meruliporia incrassata has become a frequent problem in California, where its massive rootlike organs, called rhizomorphs, snake into homes ... More


Offensive Phalli and Frigid Caps

Nicholas P. Money

in Mr. Bloomfield's Orchard: The Mysterious World of Mushrooms, Molds, and Mycologists

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154573
eISBN:
9780199790272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154573.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses phallic mushrooms. Phallic mushrooms belong to a large group of fungi that includes the more familiar organisms that generate brackets on trees and buttons and portabella caps. ... More


What Lies Beneath

Nicholas P. Money

in Mr. Bloomfield's Orchard: The Mysterious World of Mushrooms, Molds, and Mycologists

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154573
eISBN:
9780199790272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154573.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the invasive growth of the fungus and its voracious appetite. Fungi grow by extending the tips of their hyphae and by branching to initiate new hyphae. As the organism expands, ... More


Metamorphosis

Nicholas P. Money

in Mr. Bloomfield's Orchard: The Mysterious World of Mushrooms, Molds, and Mycologists

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154573
eISBN:
9780199790272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154573.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses fungus that infects insects. The Cordyceps fungus, for instance, is capable of piercing the chitinous exoskeleton of insects. Although Cordyceps poses no threat to humans, its ... More


Ingold's Jewels

Nicholas P. Money

in Mr. Bloomfield's Orchard: The Mysterious World of Mushrooms, Molds, and Mycologists

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154573
eISBN:
9780199790272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154573.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the biology of a cross-section of aquatic fungi. In fast-flowing creeks, foams froth around half-submerged branches or at the bottom of waterfalls. Cakes of foam trap and ... More


Siren Songs

Nicholas P. Money

in Mr. Bloomfield's Orchard: The Mysterious World of Mushrooms, Molds, and Mycologists

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154573
eISBN:
9780199790272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154573.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter explores the mechanisms that enable fungi to communicate with one another during reproduction, and related signaling processes that allow hyphae to cooperate when they form fruiting ... More


Angels of Death

Nicholas P. Money

in Mr. Bloomfield's Orchard: The Mysterious World of Mushrooms, Molds, and Mycologists

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154573
eISBN:
9780199790272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154573.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses poisonous mushrooms. These include the Amanita virosa, which produces amatoxins, miniproteins or peptides that are absorbed from the intestine and lay waste to the liver; the ... More


Mr. Bloomfield's Orchard

Nicholas P. Money

in Mr. Bloomfield's Orchard: The Mysterious World of Mushrooms, Molds, and Mycologists

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154573
eISBN:
9780199790272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154573.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the plant diseases caused by fungi. Fungi cause more plant diseases than all other enemies combined. Since the beginning of agriculture, livelihoods and lives have been lost to ... More


FORESTS

Ernest H. Williams

in The Nature Handbook: A Guide to Observing the Great Outdoors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179293
eISBN:
9780199790470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179293.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Forests are more than just groups of trees, they are home to many organisms. In a forest one can see the scrape marks of deer and bear, the thick growth of mistletoes and shelf fungi, and the damage ... More


Seasonality and Photoperiodism in Fungi

Till Roenneberg, Tanja Radic, Manfred Gödel, and Martha Merrow

in Photoperiodism: The Biological Calendar

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335903
eISBN:
9780199775446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335903.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Compared to the overwhelming evidence of active seasonal adaptation in plants and animals, little is known about seasonality and photoperiodism in fungi. To approach this topic in any organism, ... More


The World of Northern Evergreens

E. C. Pielou

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801477409
eISBN:
9780801463037
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801477409.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Global warming and human-driven impacts from logging, natural gas drilling, mining of oil sands, and the development of hydropower increasingly threaten North America's northern forests. These ... More


Applications of community ecology approaches in terrestrial ecosystems: local problems, remote causes

Wim H. van der Putten

in Community Ecology: Processes, Models, and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199228973
eISBN:
9780191711169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228973.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

One of the greatest challenges facing applied ecologists is to elucidate causes of unwanted developments in natural and production ecosystems, and to translate this knowledge into management ... More


Life Under the Sun

Peter A. Ensminger

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088045
eISBN:
9780300133523
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088045.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

Which fungus is as sensitive to light as the human eye? What are the myths and facts about the ozone hole, tanning, skin cancer, and sunscreens? What effect does light have on butterfly copulation? ... More


Triumph of the Fungi

Nicholas P. Money

in Mushroom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732562
eISBN:
9780199918515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732562.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides, Plant Sciences and Forestry

There are more than 16,000 species of mushrooms. These include species with familiar umbrella-shaped fruit bodies, brackets with gills, spines, and tubes, and others that bear spores on flattened ... More


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