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Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge: An Essay on the Cognitive Unconscious

Arthur S. Reber

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195106589
eISBN:
9780199871698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195106589.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The book is an extended essay on implicit learning, a topic that emerged in recent years as an important but previously overlooked process. Implicit learning is learning that takes place independent ... More


The Political Crisis of the American State: The Unsustainable State in a Time of Unraveling

Lawrence R. Jacobs and Desmond King

in The Unsustainable American State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780195392135
eISBN:
9780199852543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392135.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

With the upheaval of the American economic and financial system, a large number of banks and firms are forced to declare bankruptcy while private markets and key industries have collapse as well. ... More


Functionalism and Logical Analysis

Paul Livingston

in Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199272457
eISBN:
9780191709951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272457.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The functionalist theory of mind is essentially a formal theory, drawing its plausibility largely from an appreciation of the logic and conception grammar of terms of psychological description. In ... More


Truth as One and Many

Michael P. Lynch

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199218738
eISBN:
9780191711794
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218738.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

What is truth? This book defends a new answer to this question. Traditional theories of truth hold that truth has only a single uniform nature. All truths are true in the same way. More recent ... More


Gifts: A Study in Comparative Law

Richard Hyland

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195343366
eISBN:
9780199867776
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343366.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This book studies the law governing the giving and revocation of gifts. Gift-giving is everywhere governed by social and customary norms before it encounters the law. Moreover, the giving of gifts ... More


Sociology Before 1950

A. H. Halsey

in A History of Sociology in Britain: Science, Literature, and Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266609
eISBN:
9780191601019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266603.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Before 1950 sociology in Britain scarcely existed. The subject was almost exclusively confined to the London School of Economics. But there were at least a dozen well‐known names. Spencer, Booth, and ... More


British Post-war Sociologists

A. H. Halsey

in A History of Sociology in Britain: Science, Literature, and Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266609
eISBN:
9780191601019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266603.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

A dozen sociologists attended LSE in the aftermath of the Second World War. They were the first generation of professional sociologist in Britain. This chapter offers an account of their origins, the ... More


Aristotle on Perception

Stephen Everson

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238638
eISBN:
9780191597374
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238630.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this book, Stephen Everson offers a comprehensive investigation of Aristotle's account of perception. Everson explains how Aristotle accounts for our ability to perceive such things as colours and ... More


Federalism and Peace

Derek Drinkwater

in Sir Harold Nicolson and International Relations: The Practitioner as Theorist

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199273850
eISBN:
9780191602344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273855.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Sir Harold Nicolson’s writings on federalism, peace, and war are among his most important—and underrated—contributions to international theory. From the mid-1930s, with the European security ... More


Reasoning, Meaning, and Mind

Gilbert Harman

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238027
eISBN:
9780191597633
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238029.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many themes in the papers collected here are negative: there is no a priori knowledge or analytic truth; logic is not a theory of reasoning; a theory of truth conditions is not a theory of meaning; a ... More


The Locus of Functional Explanation

Frederick J. Newmeyer

in Possible and Probable Languages: A Generative Perspective on Linguistic Typology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274338
eISBN:
9780191706479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274338.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter addresses the question of how direct the linkage is between functional pressures and the typological distribution of formal elements that represents a response to those pressures. It ... More


 A Priori Entailment

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, an analogous argument in the case of the a priori entailment view is advanced. On the one hand, the mere idea of priori entailment will not answer the argument — further material ... More


Constitutive Generalism

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to one dimension of the generalist tradition, moral principles are built into the very meaning of moral predicates. They are analytic truths, and thus anyone who is in fact competent with a ... More


Deliberate Heresies: New Religious Myths and Rituals as Critiques

Susan J. Palmer and David G. Bromley

in Teaching New Religious Movements

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177299
eISBN:
9780199785537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177299.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter argues that myth and ritual in NRMs are oppositional in nature, challenging the status quo with “deliberate heresies”. Examples from the Rajneesh, The Family, the Raelians, ... More


Fundamental Concepts in Phonology: Sameness and Difference

Ken Lodge

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748625659
eISBN:
9780748671410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625659.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

An investigation of the criteria needed to determine sameness and difference in the classification of items of phonological relevance. Reliance on phonetic substance and meaningful contrast as the ... More


Aesthetic Functionalism

Nick Zangwill

in Aesthetic Creation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261871
eISBN:
9780191718670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261871.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter puts forward a view of the metaphysics of art that delivers conditions for the identity or survival of a work of art across time. This metaphysics is a consequence of the Aesthetic ... More


Possible and Probable Languages: A Generative Perspective on Linguistic Typology

Frederick J. Newmeyer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274338
eISBN:
9780191706479
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274338.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This book takes on the question of language variety, addressing the question of why some language types are impossible and why some grammatical features are more common than others. The task of ... More


The Intellectual Challenge of Morphological Evolution: A Case for Variational Structuralism

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores variational structuralism, whose core idea is that organisms and their parts play causal roles in shaping the patterns of phenotypic evolution. Drawing on the work of pioneers ... More


Introduction

Pieter A. M. Seuren

in Language in Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559473
eISBN:
9780191721137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559473.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter describes the ontological, cognitive, and methodological foundations of language studies, discussing in particular the relation between realism and formalism and advocating non‐hardware ... More


Introduction

Wolfram Hinzen

in Mind Design and Minimal Syntax

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199289257
eISBN:
9780191706424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289257.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter reviews current 20th-century philosophical and biological traditions that deny human nature as a valid concept of inquiry. These include most traditions of both continental and analytic ... More


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