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Functional MRI Studies in Aging and Early Alzheimer’s Disease: Predicting Clinical Decline

Reisa Sperling

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

The pathophysiological process of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is thought to begin years, perhaps even decades, prior to the point of clinical diagnosis. Novel functional magnetic resonance imaging ... More


The Antisocial Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the arguments that claim that human antisocial behavior—notably impulsivity, aggression, and related forms of criminal conduct—have neurobiological roots. While neurobiological ... More


Technical considerations for BOLD fMRI of the orbitofrontal cortex

V. Andrew Stenger

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Neuroimaging plays a major role in furthering our understanding of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC). This chapter presents some of the technical challenges, limitations, and potential solutions with ... More


Decoding the Cortical Representation of Depth

Andrew E. Welchman

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews advances in elucidating functional specialization for depth processing by the human brain while recognizing the complexity of the problem. It starts by discussing the conceptual ... More


Electrophysiological and Optical Measures of Cognitive Aging

Monica Fabiani and Gabriele Gratton

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter reviews optical brain imaging and electrophysiology in the context of other available methodologies as they apply to aging research. Both methods emphasize the temporal aspects of the ... More


Feelings and Emotions On Both Sides of the Brain: The Asymmetric Forebrain

A. D. (Bud) Craig

in How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156767
eISBN:
9781400852727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156767.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter addresses the different roles of the left and right anterior insular cortex (AIC). It begins by noting evidence that the left AIC and the right AIC were activated asymmetrically in many ... More


Brain Imaging Techniques

Adina L. Roskies

in A Primer on Criminal Law and Neuroscience: A contribution of the Law and Neuroscience Project, supported by the MacArthur Foundation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199859177
eISBN:
9780199332694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199859177.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Neuroimaging techniques are among those most relied upon to tell us about the neural functions that underlie human behavior. Brain imaging evidence is the neuroscience evidence most likely to be ... More


Functional imaging of memory in epilepsy

Lars Frings and Kathrin Wagner

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Previous studies on declarative memory function in epilepsy using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have primarily pursued two aims: the localization or lateralization of the seizure focus ... More


BCIs That Use Brain Metabolic Signals

Ranganatha Sitaram, Sangkyun Lee, and Niels Birbaumer

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Most brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) currently under development use the brain's electrical signals. Nevertheless, nonelectrical metabolic signals also have potential for use in BCI development. Two ... More


Central imaging of pain

Herta Flor and M. Catherine Bushnell

in The Neurobiology of Pain: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515616
eISBN:
9780191723650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515616.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter concentrates on the representation of pain in the human brain, covering relevant work from neuroelectric and neuromagnetic source imaging (ESI and MSI), functional magnetic resonance ... More


Jölich Workshop Excerpts

yosef Grodzinsky and Katrin Amunts

in Broca's Region

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents excerpts from the Jülich workshop, which represent the main issues that arise when one attempts to reconcile the multiple perspectives that currently exist on Broca's region. ... More


The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

John Marshall

Jennifer Gurd and Udo Kischka (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

The past thirty years have seen the field of clinical neuropsychology grow to become an influential discipline within mainstream clinical psychology and an established component of most professional ... More


Alzheimer’s Disease

Maija Pihlajamäki and Hilkka Soininen

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

The clinical spectrum of hippocampal dysfunction encompasses a wide range of neuropsychiatric symptoms. The present chapter aims at addressing the hippocampal involvement in the most common form of ... More


The role of human orbitofrontal cortex in reward prediction and behavioral choice: insights from neuroimaging

John P. O'Doherty and Raymond J. Dolan

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

In order to survive, most animals including humans need to be able to learn and adapt flexibly their behavior so that optimal choices can be made in an uncertain environment. This chapter reviews ... More


Functional neuroanatomy of language disorders: Reproduced from Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology, (2003). Oxford University Press.

Claudius Bartels and Claus-W. Wallesch

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.039
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter presents a synopsis of the representation of language functions in the brain with a focus on disorders based on three sources of information: lesion studies (i.e., what is known from the ... More


Functional magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography studies of motion perception, eye movements, and reading

Mark W. Greenlee

in The Neuropsychology of Vision

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505822
eISBN:
9780191686900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505822.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter addresses the recent findings from studies of visual motion processing, eye movements, and reading. It specifically outlines the brain-imaging studies that have studied cortical ... More


Musical imagery and imagination: The function, measurement, and application of imagery skills for performance

Terry Clark, Aaron Williamon, and Aleksandar Aksentijevic

in Musical Imaginations: Multidisciplinary perspectives on creativity, performance and perception

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199568086
eISBN:
9780191731044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568086.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Social Psychology

Musical imagery, or the deliberate use of imagination by musicians, has traditionally been viewed and considered as the ability to imagine sounds even when no audible sounds are present. However, ... More


Cerebral control of motor aspects of speech production: neurophysiological and functional imaging data

Hermann Ackermann and Axel Riecker

in Speech Motor Control: New developments in basic and applied research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199235797
eISBN:
9780191696671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235797.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter reviews functional imaging and electrophysiological studies addressing the cerebral organization of speech motor control. Functional imaging studies, based upon the production/repetition ... More


Temporal Lobe Epilepsy and the Hippocampus

Radwa A.B. Badawy and Graeme D. Jackson

in The Clinical Neurobiology of the Hippocampus: An integrative view

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592388
eISBN:
9780199949922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592388.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is the commonest cause of temporal lobe epilepsy which accounts for 3–50% of all epilepsy syndromes. This chapter reviews the pathological substrate of HS and mesial ... More


BCI Therapeutic Applications for Improving Brain Function

Janis J. Daly and Ranganatha Sitaram

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter describes ways in which brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) might be used as therapeutic tools to restore more normal motor control and more normal cognitive and emotional function to ... More


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