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Bayesian Statistics 9

José M. Bernardo, M. J. Bayarri, James O. Berger, A. P. Dawid, David Heckerman, Adrian F. M. Smith, and Mike West (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The Valencia International Meetings on Bayesian Statistics – established in 1979 and held every four years – have been the forum for a definitive overview of current concerns and activities in ... More


Parsimony and its presuppositions

Elliott Sober

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The use of a principle of parsimony in phylogenetic inference is both widespread and controversial. It is controversial because biologists, who view phylogenetic inference as first and foremost a ... More


Data analysis techniques

Michele Maggiore

in Gravitational Waves: Volume 1: Theory and Experiments

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570745
eISBN:
9780191717666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570745.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter deals with experimental aspects of gravitational waves. It defines spectral strain sensitivity, describes the detector's noise and the pattern functions that encode its angular ... More


Introduction to Part III

Russell Davidson

in Economics Beyond the Millennium

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292111
eISBN:
9780191596537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292112.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Microeconomics

Russell Davidson explains how much has changed over the previous decade and how he sees things evolving with perhaps fewer fundamental changes than have occurred before these chapters were written. ... More


Fast and Frugal School Objections to the Heuristics and Biases Program

Mark Kelman

in The Heuristics Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755608
eISBN:
9780199895236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755608.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

F&F theorists claim H&B theorists have merely exposed laboratory frailties in judgment and decision-making; the findings do not imply poor performance in natural environments. H&B experimenters ... More


The Value of Experience: Independence and Estimation

Michael R. Powers

in Acts of God and Man: Ruminations on Risk and Insurance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153676
eISBN:
9780231527057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153676.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores a number of concepts and methods employed in the frequency/classical approach, called frequentism. To present the standard frequentist paradigm, it begins by defining the ... More


Bayesian theory

Ziheng Yang

in Molecular Evolution: A Statistical Approach

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199602605
eISBN:
9780191782251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602605.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter summarizes the Frequentist–Bayesian controversy in statistics, and introduces the basic theory of Bayesian statistical inference, such as the prior, posterior, and Bayes’ theorem. ... More


Statistics and the Scientific Method in Ecology

Brian Dennis

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The questioning of science and the scientific method continues within the science of ecology. The use of Bayesian statistical analysis has recently been advocated in ecology, supposedly to aid ... More


The Nature of Scientific Evidence: A Forward-Looking Synthesis

Mark L. Taper and Subhash R. Lele

in The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226789552
eISBN:
9780226789583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226789583.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

A method that has proved extremely successful in the history of science is to take ideas about how nature works, whether obtained deductively or inductively, and translate them into quantitative ... More


The Basic Tools of Risk Modeling

Gilles Bénéplanc and Jean-Charles Rochet

in Risk Management in Turbulent Times

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199774081
eISBN:
9780190258474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199774081.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter discusses two methods for quantifying risks: the frequentist approach and the subjective approach. The frequentist approach can be applied in stationary environments when enough past ... More


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