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Tea and Memory

Margot Minardi

in Making Slavery History: Abolitionism and the Politics of Memory in Massachusetts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195379372
eISBN:
9780199869152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379372.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter centers on the private spaces of sociability and everyday life where memories were made in the context of personal relationships. Drawing on texts commemorating individual people of ... More


Writing Reconstruction: Race, Gender, and Citizenship in the Postwar South

Sharon D. Kennedy-Nolle

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621074
eISBN:
9781469621098
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621074.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

After the Civil War, the South was divided into five military districts occupied by Union forces. Out of these regions, a remarkable group of writers emerged. Experiencing the long-lasting ... More


Too Great a Burden to Bear: The Struggle and Failure of the Freedmen's Bureau in Texas

Christopher B. Bean

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780823268757
eISBN:
9780823271771
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823268757.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

In its brief seven-year existence, the Freedmen’s Bureau became the epicenter of the debate about Reconstruction. Cognizant of its responsibilities, partisans fiercely debated its necessity. ... More


Stowe's Truths: Privacy, Privation, and The Mob

Katherine Adams

in Owning Up: Privacy, Property, and Belonging in U.S. Women's Life Writing, 1840-1890

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195336801
eISBN:
9780199868360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336801.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This chapter examines mid-19th-century U.S. privacy discourse in its dystopian aspect, where privacy is a force that threatens to invade the ... More


Junction

Edward L. Ayers

in Southern Crossing: A History of the American South, 1877-1906

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195086898
eISBN:
9780199854226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195086898.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The chapter discusses the state of the South in the 1880s just after the depression and the end of the Reconstruction era. Publications talk about a “New South”. The most prevalent occupation was ... More


“that the freedwomen … may rise to the dignity and glory of true womanhood”: The Men, Purpose, and Gendered Freedom of the Freedmen's Bureau

Mary Farmer-Kaiser

in Freedwomen and the Freedmen's Bureau: Race, Gender, and Public Policy in the Age of Emancipation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823232116
eISBN:
9780823234943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823232116.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

The realization of policy of the Freedmen's Bureau rested foremost on its officials at the local level. Using the gospel of free labor as the platform, bureau officials and ... More


“strict justice for every man, woman, and child”: Gender, Justice, and the Freedmen's Bureau

Mary Farmer-Kaiser

in Freedwomen and the Freedmen's Bureau: Race, Gender, and Public Policy in the Age of Emancipation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823232116
eISBN:
9780823234943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823232116.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

Operating at best with a belief that freedmen and women required “a guardian rather than a jailor or hangman”, Freedmen's Bureau officials worked not only to defend the rights ... More


Ku-Klux: The Birth of the Klan during Reconstruction

Elaine Frantz Parsons

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625423
eISBN:
9781469625447
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625423.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

The reconstruction-era Ku-Klux Klan emerged as a solution to the problem of southern white defeat and black empowerment. Through Klan terror, white southern men tried both to reestablish their local ... More


The Roots of the Ku-Klux Klan in Pulaski, Tennessee

Elaine Frantz Parsons

in Ku-Klux: The Birth of the Klan during Reconstruction

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625423
eISBN:
9781469625447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625423.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

The Klan was founded not by southern plantation owners but by politically moderate, fairly cosmopolitan, border-state professionals in Pulaski, Tennessee. These young white men, facing the political, ... More


The Ku-Klux in the National Press

Elaine Frantz Parsons

in Ku-Klux: The Birth of the Klan during Reconstruction

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625423
eISBN:
9781469625447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625423.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

Northern newspapers used the Klan to talk about the nature of citizenship, the expansion of the state, and their anxieties that the individual was subject to manipulation by an increasingly robust ... More


Constance Fenimore Woolson and the Tourist Outback of Florida

Sharon D. Kennedy-Nolle

in Writing Reconstruction: Race, Gender, and Citizenship in the Postwar South

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621074
eISBN:
9781469621098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621074.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

This chapter examines the work of Constance Fenimore Woolson, who imagined freedpeople, particularly freedwomen, as successful citizens in an ethnically diverse America. Her writings contributed to ... More


Sewing on the Badges of Servitude: Albion Tourgée v. North Carolina

Sharon D. Kennedy-Nolle

in Writing Reconstruction: Race, Gender, and Citizenship in the Postwar South

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621074
eISBN:
9781469621098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621074.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

This chapter analyzes the novels of Albion Winegar Tourgée, who unlike Constance Woolson, was a leading actor in the Reconstruction’s violent drama as it played out. Being a combat veteran, a ... More


The Strange Career of Reconstruction Writing

Sharon D. Kennedy-Nolle

in Writing Reconstruction: Race, Gender, and Citizenship in the Postwar South

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621074
eISBN:
9781469621098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621074.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

This concluding chapter analyzes the contradictory nature of Reconstruction literature by examining the speeches of Henry Grady, who introduced the notion of a “New South,” a white-supremacist ... More


Owning Up to Citizenship

Sharon D. Kennedy-Nolle

in Writing Reconstruction: Race, Gender, and Citizenship in the Postwar South

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621074
eISBN:
9781469621098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621074.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

This introductory chapter briefly describes how Reconstruction writers explored the new constitutional guarantee of citizenship for the freedpeople living in the Southern United States. It analyzes ... More


Introduction

Shepherd W. Mckinley

in Stinking Stones and Rocks of Gold: Phosphate, Fertilizer, and Industrialization in Postbellum South Carolina

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049243
eISBN:
9780813050065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049243.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The introduction seeks to alert the reader to some of the larger questions in the book, including Charleston’s transformation from an Old South city toa center of New South industrialization and the ... More


Privileges and Elections

Patrick A. Lewis

in For Slavery and Union: Benjamin Buckner and Kentucky Loyalties in the Civil War

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813160795
eISBN:
9780813165509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160795.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter begins in August 1865, when Buckner was elected to the Kentucky General Assembly, and narrates Buckner’s role in the critical 1865–1867 legislative session. He was integral to the ... More


Passing for Black: White Kinfolk, “Mulatto” Freedpeople, and Westward Migration

Kendra Taira Field

in Growing Up with the Country: Family, Race, and Nation after the Civil War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300180527
eISBN:
9780300182286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300180527.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 2 situates Monroe Coleman’s decision to participate in black freedom movements in Oklahoma against the backdrop of his early life as a “mulatto” child in Reconstruction-era Mississippi, ... More


Mapping Freedom's Terrain: The Political and Productive Landscapes of Wilmington, North Carolina

Susan Eva O'Donovan

in After Slavery: Race, Labor, and Citizenship in the Reconstruction South

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813044774
eISBN:
9780813046440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044774.003.0010
Subject:
History, African-American History

After Reconstruction, white conservatives in Wilmington, North Carolina, did not regain complete political control until the Wilmington Race Riot of 1898. This essay explains why African Americans in ... More


When This Cruel Peace Is Over

Mark Wahlgren Summers

in The Ordeal of the Reunion: A New History of Reconstruction

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469617572
eISBN:
9781469617596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469617572.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter begins with a discussion of the impact of the war on the South and its subsequent recovery. It then analyzes the difficulty slave owners felt in accepting revival without controls to hem ... More


Fighting the Tide, April 1866–December 1868

Elizabeth D. Leonard

in Lincoln's Forgotten Ally: Judge Advocate General Joseph Holt of Kentucky

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835005
eISBN:
9781469602738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869383_leonard.11
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses the heavily Republican Thirty-ninth Congress's vote to override Andrew Johnson's veto of the Civil Rights Bill. In doing so, the legislators signaled their growing ... More


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