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Introduction: Plan of the volume

SWINBURNE RICHARD

in Free Will and Modern Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The theme of this volume is the extent to which humans have a free choice of which actions to perform, and what kind of free choice would make them morally responsible for their actions. This ... More


Free Will and Modern Science

Richard Swinburne (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Do humans have a free choice of which actions to perform? Three recent developments of modern science can help us to answer this question. First, new investigative tools have enabled us to study the ... More


Augustine's Way into the Will: The Theological and Philosophical Significance of De libero arbitrio

Simon Harrison

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198269847
eISBN:
9780191713385
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269847.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Augustine is a pivotal figure in the history of the concept of will, but what is his ‘theory of will’? This book investigates Augustine’s use of ‘will’ in one particular context, his dialogue On Free ... More


Evangelical Free Will: Phillipp Melanchthon's Doctrinal Journey on the Origins of Faith

Gregory Graybill

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589487
eISBN:
9780191594588
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589487.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

If one is saved by faith alone in Jesus Christ, then what is the origin of that faith? Is it a preordained gift of God to elect individuals, or is some measure of human free choice involved? ... More


Historical Inevitability

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Berlin’s position in ‘Political Ideas’ postulated a human ability to make free choices. His lecture ‘Historical Inevitability’ attacked determinism as a foundation of the view that ‘the world has a ... More


Free Choice

Richard McCarty

in Kant's Theory of Action

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567720
eISBN:
9780191721465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567720.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

The assumption that actions are explained by motive forces implies the doctrine of psychological determinism; and many doubt that Kant accepted that doctrine. This chapter argues that he did, and ... More


1536–1547: Tremors

Gregory B. Graybill

in Evangelical Free Will: Phillipp Melanchthon's Doctrinal Journey on the Origins of Faith

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589487
eISBN:
9780191594588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589487.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In the late 1530s, Melanchthon's new formulation of the will's role in justification came under criticism from Conrad Cordatus and John Calvin. As the 1540s began, Melanchthon continued to clarify ... More


The Integrity of de libero arbitrio

Simon Harrison

in Augustine's Way into the Will: The Theological and Philosophical Significance of De libero arbitrio

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198269847
eISBN:
9780191713385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269847.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter sets out a positive case for regarding On Free Choice as a text to be read as a coherent and consistent whole. On Free Choice is a single unified piece of work. The case for reading it ... More


The Explanatory Power of Theism: General Considerations

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271672
eISBN:
9780191709357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Evidence e renders a hypothesis h more probable in so far as both the prior probability of h is high and so is its explanatory power (that is it predictive power which is the probability of the ... More


1522–1526: Unrest

Gregory B. Graybill

in Evangelical Free Will: Phillipp Melanchthon's Doctrinal Journey on the Origins of Faith

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589487
eISBN:
9780191594588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589487.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The Wittenberg Unrest of 1521–2 caused Melanchthon to emphasize civil freedom, although he still maintained the spiritual bondage of the will. This new emphasis occurred in tandem with the ... More


The Argument from Providence

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271672
eISBN:
9780191709357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is good that there should be a world in which agents have the opportunity to choose freely to benefit or harm each other, especially in respect of their power, knowledge, and character. It is good ... More


Dissecting de libero arbitrio

Simon Harrison

in Augustine's Way into the Will: The Theological and Philosophical Significance of De libero arbitrio

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198269847
eISBN:
9780191713385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269847.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the evidence for the claim that On Free Choice is internally inconsistent because Augustine changed his mind in the course of writing it. These are: Augustine’s account of its ... More


SOME CONSTRUCTIVE ROADS TO TYCHONOFF

Steven Vickers

in From Sets and Types to Topology and Analysis: Towards practicable foundations for constructive mathematics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566519
eISBN:
9780191713927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566519.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter discusses the Tychonoff Theorem with respect to point-free topology from the point of view of both topos-valid and predicative mathematics. A new proof of the infinitary Tychonoff ... More


John Stuart Mill and the Ends of Life

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This lecture explored the tension between liberty and one view of knowledge. Berlin presented Mill not only as an exponent of determinism and an associated consequentialism, but also as someone who ... More


Freedom

Sandra Visser and Thomas Williams

in Anselm

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195309386
eISBN:
9780199852123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309386.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter discusses Anselm's theory of free choice. Free choice, understood as “the power to preserve rectitude of will for its own sake”, requires the absence of causal necessity. But what is ... More


Anselm

Sandra Visser and Thomas Williams

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195309386
eISBN:
9780199852123
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309386.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book offers a brief introduction to the life and thought of Saint Anselm (c. 1033–1109). Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury for the last sixteen years of his life, is one of the foremost ... More


The Genealogy of Disjunction

R. E. Jennings

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195075243
eISBN:
9780199852970
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075243.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book presents a study of the English word or, and the logical operators variously proposed to present its meaning. Although there are indisputably disjunctive uses of or in English, it is a ... More


Human Rights Relating to Reproductive and Sexual Health

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0027
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter identifies rights that could be applied to advance reproductive and sexual health. The human rights are clustered under the following interests in reproductive and sexual health, which ... More


Milton: Literature and Life

Blair Worden

in John Milton: Life, Writing, Reputation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264706
eISBN:
9780191734557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264706.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Milton Studies

In 1660, upon the Restoration of Charles to the English throne, John Milton went into hiding. His treatises Eikonoklastes and Defensio were condemned and burned. Milton faced the prospect of public ... More


Milton on Knowing Good from Evil

Christopher Tilmouth

in John Milton: Life, Writing, Reputation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264706
eISBN:
9780191734557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264706.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Milton Studies

Although poetry's morally instructive purpose was a Renaissance commonplace, Milton developed a detailed conception of what it meant. He argued that poems have the power to ‘inbreed in the great ... More


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