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The Mafia in Perm

Federico Varese

in The Russian Mafia: Private Protection in a New Market Economy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297369
eISBN:
9780191600272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829736X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

If mafia groups are present in a market, they must be organized in some form. Two questions have generated a heated and long-running debate among scholars of the mafias: first, are criminal groups ... More


Mafia Ancestors: The Vory‐V‐Zakone, 1920s–1950s

Federico Varese

in The Russian Mafia: Private Protection in a New Market Economy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297369
eISBN:
9780191600272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829736X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The first section of the chapter describes the main features of the original society of the vory-v-zakone – thieves-with-a-code-of-honour – the criminal fraternity that flourished in the Soviet ... More


The Russian Mafia

Federico Varese

in The Russian Mafia: Private Protection in a New Market Economy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297369
eISBN:
9780191600272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829736X.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

An assessment is made of the role of the vory-v-zakone (thieves-with-a-code-of-honour – the criminal fraternity that flourished in the Soviet labour camps between the 1920s and the 1950s, and ... More


On the Muslim Question

Anne Norton

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157047
eISBN:
9781400846351
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157047.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In the post-9/11 West, there is no shortage of strident voices telling us that Islam is a threat to the security, values, way of life, and even existence of the United States and Europe. For better ... More


The Russian Mafia in Rome and Budapest

Federico Varese

in Mafias on the Move: How Organized Crime Conquers New Territories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128559
eISBN:
9781400836727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128559.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The “Solntsevo fraternity” (Solntsevskaya bratva) is the mightiest organized crime group to emerge from the wreckage of the Soviet Union. Estimates of the size of the brotherhood (possibly ... More


The College Campus: Sex 101?

Mark Regnerus and Jeremy Uecker

in Premarital Sex in America: How Young Americans Meet, Mate, and Think about Marrying

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199743285
eISBN:
9780199894741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743285.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter considers the sex lives of college students, beginning with an extended discussion of the hookup. In-person interviews describe what hooking up means and what it’s ... More


Colour

Sam Rohdie

in Film Modernism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992637
eISBN:
9781526104151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992637.003.0011
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

the entire film, is based primarily on fraternities, similarities, the formation of constellations whereby something in one element forms a continuity with something else in another element each ... More


From Guilds to Companies

Caroline M. Barron

in London in the Later Middle Ages: Government and People 1200-1500

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199257775
eISBN:
9780191717758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257775.003.09
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter charts the evolution of groups of craftsmen living in the same areas and occasionally co-operating together to achieve short-term objectives into the chartered city companies to be found ... More


Introduction

Paul Spicker

in Liberty, equality, fraternity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348418
eISBN:
9781447302704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348418.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

Two hundred years ago, the principles of liberty, equality and fraternity were seen as radical, challenging and iconoclastic. In modern societies, although there are many differences in ... More


The French Republic: History, Values, Debates

Edward Ducler Berenson, Vincent Duclert, and Christophe Prochasson (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449017
eISBN:
9780801460647
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449017.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book explores the history and meaning of the French Republic and the challenges it has faced. Founded in 1792, the French Republic has been defined and redefined by a succession of regimes and ... More


Stabilization and Renewal, 1906–1929

John W. Boyer

in The University of Chicago: A History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226242514
eISBN:
9780226242651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226242651.003.0004
Subject:
Education, History of Education

This chapter takes up the story after Harper’s death in 1906, explaining the role that Harry Pratt Judson played in stabilizing the University’s finances and in leading it during World War I. ... More


Nationality and Citizenship in Revolutionary France: The Treatment of Foreigners 1789-1799

Michael Rapport

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208457
eISBN:
9780191678011
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208457.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In 1789, the French Revolution opened with a cosmopolitan flourish and progressive observers across the world hailed a new era of international fraternity, based on a new kind of politics. Foreigners ... More


Parish Fraternities and Craft Guilds

Andrew D. Brown

in Popular Piety in Late Medieval England: The Diocese of Salisbury 1250-1550

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198205210
eISBN:
9780191676550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205210.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, History of Religion

Fraternities were not new in the later Middle Ages: the burial of dead members, the celebration of masses and anniversaries, so integral to late medieval fraternities, were features present in the ... More


Introduction

W. D. Edmonds

in Jacobinism and the Revolt of Lyon 1789–1793

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227496
eISBN:
9780191678714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227496.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

That the Revolution of Fraternity culminated in civil wars was a cause of disillusionment to its sympathizers at the time and has been a source of contention amongst historians since. Conservatives ... More


Reciprocity in Economic Life

Daniel K. Finn

in The Moral Dynamics of Economic Life: An Extension and Critique of Caritas in Veritate

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199858354
eISBN:
9780199949472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858354.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

One of the most stimulating proposals Pope Benedict makes in Caritas in veritate is to acknowledge and encourage reciprocity in economic life. In this he provides both a challenge to how economic ... More


Fraternity

David M. Beatty

in The Ultimate Rule of Law

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199269808
eISBN:
9780191710063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269808.003.04
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Over time, in many parts of the world, the vocabulary of moral duties and charitable obligations was supplemented and largely replaced by a rhetoric of rights. The right to food, housing, healthcare, ... More


Adam Smith Today

Iain McLean

in Adam Smith, Radical and Egalitarian: An Interpretation for the 21st Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748623525
eISBN:
9780748672110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623525.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter explains that Adam Smith was in favour of liberty, of equality and of fraternity. It evaluates the uncanny similarities between the ideas of Adam Smith and those of Gordon Brown. Smith's ... More


Albert Camus: The Need for Southern Thought

Franco Cassano

in Southern Thought and Other Essays on the Mediterranean

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823233649
eISBN:
9780823241750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233649.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Albert Camus is a thinker of friction who questions not only the teleology of Christianity, Marxism, and the philosophies of history in post-Kantian ideology, but upholds values that are no longer ... More


The Art of Solidarity in the Middle Ages: Guilds in England 1250-1550

Gervase Rosser

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198201571
eISBN:
9780191779022
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201571.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Association in a guild or fraternity was an extremely common experience in medieval Europe. This book asks why so many people wished to belong to these highly miscellaneous groups (only rarely ... More


Mysticism of Sexual Union

Alessandro Vettori

in Poets of Divine Love: The Rhetoric of Franciscan Spiritual Poetry

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823223251
eISBN:
9780823240913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823223251.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

In the Book of Genesis, it reveals that adoption of nudity as a chief human trait is complemented by matrimonial union as a theological and poetic topos. The interactive structure of the two genders ... More


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