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Holocene Extinctions

Samuel T. Turvey (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The extent to which human activity has influenced species extinctions during the recent prehistoric past remains controversial due to other factors such as climatic fluctuations and a general lack of ... More


The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

David Sepkoski and Michael Ruse (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

Paleontology has long had a troubled relationship with evolutionary biology. Suffering from a reputation as a second-tier science and conjuring images of fossil collectors and amateurs who dig up ... More


Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca

Winston Ponder (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520250925
eISBN:
9780520933705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520250925.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book brings together thirty-six experts on the evolution of the Mollusca to provide an up-to-date review of its evolutionary history. The Mollusca are the second largest animal phylum and boast ... More


Emergence of Precambrian Paleobiology: A New Field of Science

J. William Schopf

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter discusses the author's own personal experience in witnessing the growth of Precambrian paleobiology. It relates how the assumptions accepted by early workers influenced the development ... More


The Fossil Record: Biological or Geological Signal?

Michael J. Benton

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter examines modern approaches to perhaps the oldest problem in paleontology, specifically the perceived incompleteness of the fossil record. It focuses on the larger-scale patterns that may ... More


Darwin's Dilemma: Paleontology, the Fossil Record, and Evolutionary Theory

David Sepkoski

in Rereading the Fossil Record: The Growth of Paleobiology as an Evolutionary Discipline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748559
eISBN:
9780226748580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748580.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

Paleontological and geological evidence played significantly important roles in establishing Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, which combined descent with modification. The historical evidence of ... More


A “Natural History of Data”: The Rise of Taxic Paleobiology

David Sepkoski

in Rereading the Fossil Record: The Growth of Paleobiology as an Evolutionary Discipline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748559
eISBN:
9780226748580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748580.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter explores the taxic approach as a dominant perspective in paleobiology, and its contribution to the solidification of what came to be known as the Chicago School of analytical ... More


Lessons from the fossil record: the Ediacaran radiation, the Cambrian radiation, and the end-Permian mass extinction

Stephen Q. Dornbos, Matthew E. Clapham, Margaret L. Fraiser, and Marc Laflamme

in Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Frameworks, methodologies, and integration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642250
eISBN:
9780191774768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642250.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Due to its extensive deep-time history encompassing almost 600 million years, the fossil record offers important insights into changing biodiversity in marine ecosystems, inluding rapid ... More


Fossils, Ontogeny, and Phylogeny

Marcelo Sánchez

in Embryos in Deep Time: The Rock Record of Biological Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520271937
eISBN:
9780520952300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271937.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the following topics: the extinction of most life on earth; the fossil record and what it tells us about evolution; the relation between paleontology and the biological ... More


Punctuated Equilibrium versus Community Evolution

Arthur J. Boucot

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter examines punctuated equilibrium and compares it to the idea of community evolution that emerged from ecological study of the fossil record. It identifies what is believed to be the ... More


Punctuated Equilibria and the Rise of the New Paleobiology

David Sepkoski

in Rereading the Fossil Record: The Growth of Paleobiology as an Evolutionary Discipline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748559
eISBN:
9780226748580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748580.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

Paleobiology transformed from a loose movement with a fairly uncoordinated set of goals to a bonafide sub-discipline with an active institutional and intellectual agenda. The dynamics of this shift ... More


Stratigraphic Controls on Fossil Occurrences

Mark E. Patzkowsky and Steven M. Holland

in Stratigraphic Paleobiology: Understanding the Distribution of Fossil Taxa in Time and Space

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226649375
eISBN:
9780226649399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226649399.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter describes a particular model of the fossil record that helps quantify the impact of stratigraphic architecture on the occurrence of fossils. The basic features of the fossil record that ... More


Stratigraphic Paleobiology: Understanding the Distribution of Fossil Taxa in Time and Space

Mark E. Patzkowsky and Steven M. Holland

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226649375
eISBN:
9780226649399
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226649399.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This book focuses on the interpretation of the fossil record that has been exemplified by the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) controversy, and it has been repeated countless times across a wide array of ... More


The Growth of Theoretical Paleontology

David Sepkoski

in Rereading the Fossil Record: The Growth of Paleobiology as an Evolutionary Discipline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748559
eISBN:
9780226748580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748580.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter describes the growth and transformation of theoretical paleontology over the years. There has been recently a major transformation in paleontological approaches to evolutionary theory ... More


“Towards a Nomothetic Paleontology”: The MBL Model and Stochastic Paleontology

David Sepkoski

in Rereading the Fossil Record: The Growth of Paleobiology as an Evolutionary Discipline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748559
eISBN:
9780226748580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748580.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

The study and modeling of the history of diversity over time motivated a methodological question: how reliable is the fossil record, and how can that reliability be tested? These problems became the ... More


Punctuated Equilibria: Speciation and Stasis in Paleontology, 1968–

Niles Eldredge

in Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153164
eISBN:
9780231526753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153164.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter delves into the development of the theory of punctuated equilibria, widely known as “punk eek.” Punctuated equilibria integrates the idea of the origin of species through geographic ... More


A Conceptual Framework for the Genesis and Analysis of Vertebrate Skeletal Concentrations

Raymond R. Rogers and Susan M. Kidwell

in Bonebeds: Genesis, Analysis, and Paleobiological Significance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226723709
eISBN:
9780226723730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226723730.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Bonebeds are remarkable features of the vertebrate fossil record that can embody ancient environmental catastrophes and, thus, reveal some of the most dramatic aspects of past ecosystems. They can ... More


Mammalian and Human Development

Marcelo Sánchez

in Embryos in Deep Time: The Rock Record of Biological Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520271937
eISBN:
9780520952300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271937.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Mammalian life history and physiology are correlated with several anatomical features, some of which are recorded as fossils. They show us that diagnostic mammalian features did not originate ... More


The Nature of a Sample

Mark E. Patzkowsky and Steven M. Holland

in Stratigraphic Paleobiology: Understanding the Distribution of Fossil Taxa in Time and Space

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226649375
eISBN:
9780226649399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226649399.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter discusses the recent concepts of the formation of sedimentary beds and their implications for the fine-scale structure of the fossil record. A summary of central topics in taphonomy, ... More


Trace Element Geochemistry of Bonebeds

Clive Trueman

in Bonebeds: Genesis, Analysis, and Paleobiological Significance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226723709
eISBN:
9780226723730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226723730.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Fossil bones and teeth are the last physical remains of once-living vertebrates, and the chemistry of these fossils at least in part reflects the biochemistry of the individual. If the mineral phase ... More


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