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Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Vaclav Smil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book is a systematic interdisciplinary account of two epochal trends: the history of the 20th century’s technical transformation based on the unprecedented surge of innovation that took place in ... More


Energy Conversions:: Growth and Innovation

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Our civilization is based on massive consumption of fossil fuels. This chapter begins by examining technical advances of energy industries, before turning to energy transitions and the process of ... More


 The Origins and Evolution of Homo sapiens

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The notions of natural selection and drift also apply to humans and their biological and cultural evolution. The science of paleoanthropology explains human evolution through the study of ... More


Giants and Genes: Changing Views of Peking Man's Evolutionary Significance

Noel T. Boaz and Russell L. Ciochon

in Dragon Bone Hill: An Ice Age Saga of Homo erectus

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195152913
eISBN:
9780199790036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152913.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the twists and turns of the paleoanthropological interpretation of Peking Man: the first, largely fanciful and hopeful pronouncements; the more mature hypotheses based on the ... More


The early history of birds in Britain and Europe

D. W. Yalden and U. Albarella

in The History of British Birds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199217519
eISBN:
9780191712296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217519.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ornithology

Starting with the first bird, Archaeopteryx, about 150 million years ago, this chapter reviews bird history from then to the end of the Last Glaciation about 15,000 years ago. Cretaceous birds, from ... More


Herto Brains and Minds: Behaviour of Early Homo sapiens from the Middle Awash

Yonas Beyene

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

The discovery of three late Middle Pleistocene hominid crania, Homo sapiens idaltu, at Herto in the Middle Awash research area in Ethiopia in 1997 shed considerable light on this little-known period ... More


Dissent from Darwin

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the customary assumptions about the nature of the earth and about heredity and species that challenged Darwin's model. Topics covered include the age of the Earth, definitions ... More


Holocene Extinctions

Samuel T. Turvey (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The extent to which human activity has influenced species extinctions during the recent prehistoric past remains controversial due to other factors such as climatic fluctuations and a general lack of ... More


Who Were the Neanderthals?

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

How close were the Neanderthals to modern humans? Are Neanderthal genes in our gene pool? This chapter explores recent studies analyzing the DNA from Neanderthal fossils to provide a framework to ... More


The Bones of Dragon Hill

Noel T. Boaz and Russell L. Ciochon

in Dragon Bone Hill: An Ice Age Saga of Homo erectus

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195152913
eISBN:
9780199790036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152913.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the discoveries at Dragon Bone Hill in northern China. Topics discussed include the mysterious affinity between the ancient dragons of Chinese myth and the fossilized remains ... More


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