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Rulers, Warriors, Traders, Clerics: The Central Sahel and the North Sea, 800-1500

Anne Haour

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264119
eISBN:
9780191734694
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264119.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

What do we learn if we look in parallel at the past of two distinct parts of the world? This book weighs this question by considering both the central Sahel of West Africa and the European countries ... More


Epilogue

CHARLES L. H. COULSON

in Castles in Medieval Society: Fortresses in England, France, and Ireland in the Central Middle Ages

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208242
eISBN:
9780191716676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208242.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This book has focused on the human and social aspects of castle-building in England, France, and Ireland during the medieval period, to reconcile the civilized with the violent aspects of medieval ... More


Lending to the Sound of Cannon

Mauricio Drelichman and Hans-Joachim Voth

in Lending to the Borrower from Hell: Debt, Taxes, and Default in the Age of Philip II

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151496
eISBN:
9781400848430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151496.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses wartime spending and the rise of the fiscal-military state. The need to borrow was intimately related to the cost of war. After 1500, a “military revolution” transformed ... More


The Transformation of Cities in Late Antiquity within the Provinces of Macedonia and Epirus

J.-P. SODINI

in The Transition to Late Antiquity, on the Danube and Beyond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264027
eISBN:
9780191734908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264027.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

The provinces of Epirus and Macedonia, although divided into distinct regions by their mountains, were important for the Roman Empire, particularly because they were crossed by the via Egnatia which ... More


Caričin Grad and the Changes in the Nature of Urbanism in the Central Balkans in the Sixth Century

B. BAVANT

in The Transition to Late Antiquity, on the Danube and Beyond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264027
eISBN:
9780191734908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264027.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Caričin Grad (Justiniana Prima) is an ideal site for studying urbanism in the early Byzantine period. Amongst the numerous early Byzantine sites in the central Balkans, Caričin Grad is one of the ... More


Amida and Tropaeum Traiani: a Comparison of Late Antique Fortress Cities on the Lower Danube and Mesopotamia

J. CROW

in The Transition to Late Antiquity, on the Danube and Beyond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264027
eISBN:
9780191734908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264027.003.0017
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Fortifications are now recognized as a defining feature of the late antique city and in a time of insecurity they were a positive factor for the maintenance of urban life as well as making an ... More


The Fortresses of Thrace and Dacia in the Early Byzantine Period

V. DINCHEV

in The Transition to Late Antiquity, on the Danube and Beyond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264027
eISBN:
9780191734908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264027.003.0019
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

During the early Byzantine period (395–610), a large number of non-urban sites, recorded in ancient sources, are known to have existed in the dioceses of Thrace and Dacia. Contemporary sources ... More


The Fortifications at Gobekly-depe

G. A. KOSHELENKO

in After Alexander: Central Asia before Islam

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263846
eISBN:
9780191734113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263846.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses the result of research on the Gobekly-depe fortifications at the north-western edge of the Merv Oasis conducted by the South Turkmenistan Archaeological Multi-Disciplinary ... More


The Fortifications of the City of Gyaur Kala, Merv

V. A. ZAVYALOV

in After Alexander: Central Asia before Islam

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263846
eISBN:
9780191734113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263846.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter describes the fortifications of the ancient city of Gyaur Kala in the Merv Oasis based on the result of archaeological excavations. It summarizes the phases of construction and ... More


The Fruits of Empire

Alfonso Moreno

in Feeding the Democracy: The Athenian Grain Supply in the Fifth and Fourth Centuries BC

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228409
eISBN:
9780191711312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228409.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter presents the evidence of Athens' economic exploitation of its Aegean empire in the fifth century bc, particularly the colonization of overseas territories and the division of land into ... More


Warriors

Anne Haour

in Rulers, Warriors, Traders, Clerics: The Central Sahel and the North Sea, 800-1500

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264119
eISBN:
9780191734694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264119.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines military activity and violence, as manifest in aspects of the archaeological and historical records for medieval times in the central Sahel and north-west Europe. It explores ... More


States, Roads, War, and the Organization of Space

Jean Meyer

in War and Competition between States

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202141
eISBN:
9780191675188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202141.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the condition of roads, armies, and the organization of space in European states during the period from the 13th to the 18th centuries. During this period, the state was the ... More


Urban Military Resources

Steven Gunn, David Grummitt, and Hans Cools

in War, State, and Society in England and the Netherlands 1477-1559

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207503
eISBN:
9780191708848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207503.003.004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter examines the direct contributions made by towns to their princes' wars. Town councils had constantly to manoeuvre between the sometimes exorbitant demands of their princes, the ... More


The Military Resources of the Nobility

Steven Gunn, David Grummitt, and Hans Cools

in War, State, and Society in England and the Netherlands 1477-1559

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207503
eISBN:
9780191708848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207503.003.010
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter examines the resources deployed by the nobility in their participation in warfare. In England, their recruitment of troops became less important over time as retinues raised from their ... More


War and Identity

Steven Gunn, David Grummitt, and Hans Cools

in War, State, and Society in England and the Netherlands 1477-1559

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207503
eISBN:
9780191708848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207503.003.020
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter investigates the effects of war on identities. The English were more secure in their military reputation than were the peoples of the Netherlands, some of whom had a stronger martial ... More


Conclusion

Mark Lawrence

in Food Fortification: The evidence, ethics, and politics of adding nutrients to food

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691975
eISBN:
9780191748806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691975.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The book’s conclusion presents the research investigation’s lessons for food fortification policy and practice. Mandatory food fortification is a recommended intervention for those public health ... More


The Habsburg Netherlands, 1549–1567

James D. Tracy

in The Founding of the Dutch Republic: War, Finance, and Politics in Holland, 1572-1588

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199209118
eISBN:
9780191706134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209118.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

In the forty years between 1520 and 1559, the Habsburg and Valois dynasties were at war for twenty years. This struggle for hegemony in Europe entailed not just recurring warfare along the ... More


The Cost of War: Manpower and Resources

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0012
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

Rulers who wanted to keep themselves in power needed access to force and this meant recruiting and maintaining sufficient quantities of men with the requisite skills and equipment. The primary ... More


Military Capital: Oars, Sails, Walls, and Guns

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0008
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

Military equipment of any kind represents a certain commitment of capital, but fortifications and warships stand out from other categories because they were potentially much more expensive and ... More


Peacekeeping at Home and Abroad

CHARLES L. H. COULSON

in Castles in Medieval Society: Fortresses in England, France, and Ireland in the Central Middle Ages

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208242
eISBN:
9780191716676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208242.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

However coloured by medieval (chiefly ecclesiastical) polemic, and by constitutionalists of a statist cast of mind misapplying the concepts of the modern nation, fortresses (castles in the original ... More


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