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Party Policies and Voter Choices

Anthony F. Heath, Roger M. Jowell, and John K. Curtice

in The Rise of New Labour: Party Policies and Voter Choices

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245116
eISBN:
9780191599453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245118.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The authors offer a multiplicative model that provides a comprehensive framework to place the main findings of the volume. The model is based on the standard ‘expected utility maximization’ model of ... More


Between Flesh and Spirit: Coleridge's Prose Writings 1815 to 1825

Ben Brice

in Coleridge and Scepticism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199290253
eISBN:
9780191710483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290253.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter discusses some aspects of Coleridge's published prose works written between 1815 and 1825, including The Statesman's Manual (1816), Biographia Literaria (1817), The Friend (1818), and ... More


Hume's Epistemological Divide in the Treatise

Henry E. Allison

in Custom and Reason in Hume: A Kantian Reading of the First Book of the Treatise

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532889
eISBN:
9780191714450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532889.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter provides an outline of the structure of Hume's epistemology, as presented in the first two sections of Part III of the first book of the Treatise. Whereas in the more familiar discussion ... More


Why Ask, “Why?”?: An Inquiry Concerning Scientific Explanation

Wesley C. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Attempts to provide the general outlines of a causal theory of scientific explanation that can incorporate the virtues of both the standard inferential view and previous causal accounts. The new ... More


 Causation

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This is by far the longest chapter of the book. It deals with the most important and mysterious natural modality: causation. It proceeds from the basic idea underlying all deterministic and ... More


The Fashionable Potato: Lady Blessington and W. H. Maxwell

James H. Murphy

in Irish Novelists and the Victorian Age

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199596997
eISBN:
9780191723520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596997.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The 1820s and 1830s were years of ferment and experiment in fiction in Ireland. Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna wrote religious novels while Harriet Martineau wrote improvement fiction. Lady Blessington ... More


War Owl Falling: Innovation, Creativity, and Culture Change in Ancient Maya Society

Markus Eberl

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813056555
eISBN:
9780813053486
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056555.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Innovation causes change. Indeed, modern Western societies see it as a crucial asset to advance. But can it also explain change in ancient societies? This book approaches material change as a crucial ... More


Simplicity Theory

Byunghan Kim

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198567387
eISBN:
9780191746512
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567387.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This book is about simple first-order theories. The class of simple theories was introduced by S. Shelah in the early 1980s. Then several specific algebraic structures having simple theories have ... More


Surrender in Ancient Rome

Loretana de Libero

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter deals with the moment of surrender between the Romans and their enemies in the last two centuries B.C. It raises the question of why and when they stopped fighting, and how surrender was ... More


Causality: Production and Propagation

Wesley C. Salmon

in Causality and Explanation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108644
eISBN:
9780199833627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108647.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The original version of this chapter was published long before the author's conversion to a conserved or invariant theory of causality as presented in “Causality and Counterfactuals” (Chapter 16); ... More


Forks

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Unless something to the contrary is explicitly said in a given subjunctive conditional, the closest antecedent worlds are ones that are exactly like the actual world until shortly before the time of ... More


Reflections on Legality

Jonathan Bennett

in A Philosophical Guide to Conditionals

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199258871
eISBN:
9780191597046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258872.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The primacy of causal laws in subjunctive conditionals is explained. Discussion of miracles at forks, and of counter‐legal conditionals: ones about what would have been the case if some actual causal ... More


Application of Jurisdictional-regulating Norms

Yuval Shany

in Regulating Jurisdictional Relations Between National and International Courts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199211791
eISBN:
9780191706035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211791.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the application of forum-selection and multiple proceeding regulating norms to interactions between national and international courts. It begins with a review of forum ... More


Steward’s Fork

James K. Agee

in Steward's Fork: A Sustainable Future for the Klamath Mountains

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251250
eISBN:
9780520933798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251250.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Steward's Fork was the initial name of Stuart Fork, a fork of the Trinity River that ends about five miles upstream of Trinity Lake and about two miles up from the Trinity Alps Resort. Like the many ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


The American Dream and the Water Bounty in Appalachian Kentucky

John R. Burch Jr.

in Water in Kentucky: Natural History, Communities, and Conservation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813168685
eISBN:
9780813169941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168685.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Since the early nineteenth-century, entrepreneurs have looked to Eastern Kentucky’s natural resources as a means to enrich themselves and their business partners. In their wake, they have often left ... More


Common Knowledge?: An Ethnography of Wikipedia

Dariusz Jemielniak

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804789448
eISBN:
9780804791205
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789448.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This book describes the results of a six-year ethnographic research project on Wikipedia. It explains how Wikipedia's theoretically ahierarchical system may increase Wikipedians’ perception of ... More


Part Nine

Robert J. Fogelin

in Hume's Presence in The Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190673505
eISBN:
9780190673536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190673505.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Demea gets his chance to produce his a priori proof for God’s existence. It starts out looking like a cosmological argument and finishes as an ontological one. His argument is modeled on the version ... More


Between Anarchy and Bureaucracy: Wikimedia Governance

Dariusz Jemielniak

in Common Knowledge?: An Ethnography of Wikipedia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804789448
eISBN:
9780804791205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789448.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter presents the major internal stakeholders of the Wikimedia movement: the Wikimedia Foundation (WMF), the local chapters, and the Wikipedia communities. It describes the power struggles ... More


Bleibt Alles Anders: Modeling Invention

Markus Eberl

in War Owl Falling: Innovation, Creativity, and Culture Change in Ancient Maya Society

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813056555
eISBN:
9780813053486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056555.003.0004
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Unlike earlier conceptions of society as homogeneous, modern models emphasize its factious nature. Correspondingly, it cannot be reduced to a structure; instead, it contains multiple, coexisting, and ... More


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