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How Smart Forgetting Helps Heuristic Inference

Lael J. Schooler, Ralph Hertwig, and Stefan M. Herzog

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Theorists ranging from William James (1890) to some contemporary psychologists have argued that forgetting is the key to proper functioning of memory. The authors elaborate on the notion of ... More


Cortical systems in speaking

Doreen Kimura

in Neuromotor Mechanisms in Human Communication

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195054927
eISBN:
9780199872268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195054927.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter examines aphasic patients who have experienced damage to either the anterior or posterior speech zones. The results of various speech comprehension and perception tasks undertaken by ... More


Language

Kenneth M. Heilman

in Matter of Mind: A Neurologist's View of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195144901
eISBN:
9780199865642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the brain mechanisms underlying the three categories of language disorders: speech disorders, reading disorders, and writing disorders. Speech disorders include loss of speech ... More


Fluency Heuristic: A Model of How the Mind Exploits a By-Product of Information Retrieval

Ralph Hertwig, Stefan M. Herzog, Lael J. Schooler, and Torsten Reimer

in Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199744282
eISBN:
9780199894727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744282.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Boundedly rational heuristics for inference can be surprisingly accurate and frugal for several reasons. They can exploit environmental structures, co-opt complex capacities, and elude effortful ... More


‘For how long can you expect a child to blow into a French horn?’

Gary E. McPherson, Jane W. Davidson, and Robert Faulkner

in Music In Our Lives: Rethinking Musical Ability, Development, and Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199579297
eISBN:
9780191738463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579297.003.0031
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 2 and 3 raised doubts about how long the majority of young students could be expected to commit to ongoing instrumental learning in the face of a range of demotive factors: serious ... More


Multimedia Parks vs. Virtual Malls in the Elementary Years

Marina Umaschi Bers

in Designing Digital Experiences for Positive Youth Development: From Playpen to Playground

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199757022
eISBN:
9780199933037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757022.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter starts by introducing the metaphor of parks as spaces where children can develop and master skills, make their own choices based on personal interests and engage socially within ... More


The Neuroscience of Form in Art

George Lakoff

in The Artful Mind: Cognitive Science and the Riddle of Human Creativity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195306361
eISBN:
9780199851034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306361.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers the mystery of how art presents gaps, disparities, and improvisations that invite—and even insist on—our participation in the act of reconciliation or completion and ... More


Value–Control Relations: It’s the Fit that Counts

E. Tory Higgins

in Beyond Pleasure and Pain: How Motivation Works

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199765829
eISBN:
9780199918966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765829.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter is about the impact of value-control relations on how we feel about what we are doing and what we have done—whether we feel right or feel wrong in our journey. It presents evidence for ... More


Processing Fluency, Aesthetic Pleasure, and Culturally Shared Taste

Rolf Reber

in Aesthetic Science: Connecting Minds, Brains, and Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732142
eISBN:
9780199918485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732142.003.0055
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the processing fluency theory of aesthetic pleasure and introduces a new account of socially shared tastes based on this theory. Processing fluency – or simply fluency – is ... More


A Frugal View of Cognitive Phenomenology

William S. Robinson

in Cognitive Phenomenology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199579938
eISBN:
9780191731112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579938.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Liberal views of cognitive phenomenology propose occurrent, non‐imagistic, non‐emotional, conscious understandings to account for sudden realizations, disambiguation of images or sentences, and other ... More


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