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Avian Flight

John J. Videler

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Bird flight has always intrigued mankind. This book provides an up-to-date account of the existing knowledge on the subject, offering new insights and challenges some established views. A brief ... More


Three-Dimensional Laser Imaging in an Archaeological Context

Andrew M. Wallace

in Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

This chapter discusses the strengths and weaknesses of techniques of 3D laser imaging based on time of flight and triangulation. Laser scanning by triangulation is a fully developed technology. ... More


THE PRACTICAL GO OF IT

Mark Wilson

in Wandering Significance: An Essay on Conceptual Behaviour

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199269259
eISBN:
9780191710155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269259.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Many ‘pre-pragmatist’ opponents of the classical picture begin with a suspicion that such doctrines place unrealistic demands upon human capacity: that when we grasp a collection of vocabulary, its ... More


Dumbo

Daniel M. Ogilvie

in Fantasies of Flight

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195157468
eISBN:
9780199894024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157468.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter continues the author's habit of illustrating a set of ideas by applying them to a story: a modern fairy tale called Dumbo, the Flying Elephant. The notations on some of the main elements ... More


An American Icarus Named Grope

Daniel M. Ogilvie

in Fantasies of Flight

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195157468
eISBN:
9780199894024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157468.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes how flying fantasies first captured the author's interest upon reading “The American Icarus” by Henry Murray, published in 1955 as a chapter in a book that contained several ... More


Evolution, diversification, and mechanics of dragonfly wings

Robin J. Wootton and David J.S. Newman

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This chapter shows how the patterns of evolution and diversification of odonatoids, and by implication those of other flight-active taxa can be illuminated by studying their flight mechanics. The ... More


 David Spares an Enemy, Three Times in a Row: Pattern 6

Paul Borgman

in David, Saul, and God: Rediscovering an Ancient Story

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331608
eISBN:
9780199868001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331608.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

In the middle of flight from Saul, which was explored in the prior chapter, David twice has the opportunity to take the king's life but does not do so. Between these paralleled scenes, David spares ... More


Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This book focuses on the current understanding of a set of topics in ecological and environmental physiology that are of particular interest to ornithologists, but which also have broad biological ... More


Aerial Navigation and Optic Flow SensingA Biorobotic Approach

Nicolas Franceschini, Franck Ruffier, and Julien Serres

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter addresses some of the control problems involved in an animal's visually guided three-dimensional piloting. It formulates explicit control schemes that explain how insects may navigate ... More


Fear of Falling: Icarus, Phaethon, and Lucretius

David Quint

in Inside Paradise Lost: Reading the Designs of Milton's Epic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161914
eISBN:
9781400850488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161914.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter demonstrates how—through a complicated chain of intermediary texts—the depiction of Satan's fall through Chaos in book 2, which invokes the myth of Icarus, and the Son's successful ride ... More


BIRDS

Ernest H. Williams

in The Nature Handbook: A Guide to Observing the Great Outdoors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179293
eISBN:
9780199790470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179293.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

Because of birds' colorful beauty, song, abundance, and flight, millions of people enjoy bird watching (birding). Since people usually first notice the size, color, and shape of a bird, this chapter ... More


White Flight/Black Flight: The Dynamics of Racial Change in an American Neighborhood

Rachael A. Woldoff

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449185
eISBN:
9780801461033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449185.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Urban residential integration is often fleeting—a brief snapshot that belies a complex process of racial turnover in many U.S. cities. This book takes readers inside a neighborhood that has shifted ... More


Making Good Neighbors: Civil Rights, Liberalism, and Integration in Postwar Philadelphia

Abigail Perkiss

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452284
eISBN:
9780801470851
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452284.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the 1950s and 1960s, as the white residents, real estate agents, and municipal officials of many American cities fought to keep African Americans out of traditionally white neighborhoods, ... More


Introduction – Blueprint of a Bird (Bauplan/Body plan)

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter focuses on the characterization of birds as a group; why they differ from other vertebrates; and how they have evolved. The most recent evolutionary trees of birds are provided, as well ... More


Approaches and Techniques

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

The emergence of new techniques, methods, and analytical approaches is hard to predict. Research on avian biology has greatly benefitted from technical advances (for example tracking technology), and ... More


Acquisition of knowledge

John J. Videler

in Avian Flight

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter discusses the development of the understanding of bird flight and the physical laws governing flight, taking Aristotle’s philosophy and observations as a starting point. From the ... More


Aerodynamics

John J. Videler

in Avian Flight

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Main forces on a flying bird are lift, weight, thrust, and drag. Quantitative visualization of the flow shows how these forces result from the interactions between bird and air. Conventional flow ... More


Bird flight modes

John J. Videler

in Avian Flight

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Birds are pilot and aircraft in one. Experiments using kestrels kept as falconry birds and flown under controlled conditions indoors to investigate flight strategies are discussed. The effects of ... More


Energy required for flight

John J. Videler

in Avian Flight

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

The metabolic costs of flapping flight were measured in 37 species using a variety of techniques. Data included free flight and wind tunnel studies. The loss of body mass after long distance flights ... More


Comparing the metabolic costs of flight

John J. Videler

in Avian Flight

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Comparisons are made using empirically determined flight costs. Flight costs and the amount of work per unit distance increase with body mass, but cost per unit weight and the dimensionless costs of ... More


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