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Dry grasslands

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses grassland management. The common objectives of grassland management are to: provide the desired sward composition, the specific aim often being to maintain or increase plant ... More


Arable land

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Arable (also known as rowcrop fields) is land that is cultivated regularly for production of food and, increasingly, bioenergy. The value of arable land to wildlife is heavily influenced by the ... More


From Crisis to Uncertainty: Calculating Athenian Grain Production

Alfonso Moreno

in Feeding the Democracy: The Athenian Grain Supply in the Fifth and Fourth Centuries BC

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228409
eISBN:
9780191711312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228409.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter attempts to calculate the grain production and carrying capacity of Attica by analyzing five key variables: land, use of the land, crop yields, population, and consumption. Previous ... More


Farming Practice and Techniques

M. E. Turner, J. V. Beckett, and B. Afton

in Farm Production in England 1700-1914

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208044
eISBN:
9780191716577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208044.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter tests the traditional appreciation of farming in the past, based on crop rotations of two or three crops followed by a fallow year, against the evidence-based practice of 18th- and ... More


The Chinese State and Agriculture

Chris Bramall

in Sources of Chinese Economic Growth, 1978-1996

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296973
eISBN:
9780191596018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296975.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

The literature on the sources of Chinese agricultural growth after 1978 has emphasized the role played in the process by the decollectivization of the early 1980s. However, as this chapter shows, ... More


Restructuring Worker Training, Preparatory Education, and Material Inputs for Urban Agriculture

Sinan Koont

in Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037578
eISBN:
9780813042114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037578.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Cuba faced challenges in provisioning urban agriculture with a workforce, extension services, and material inputs, the Cuban efforts to deal with which this chapter addresses. There exist extensive ... More


Convergence and the Fertilizer Industry, 1868–1884

Shepherd W. Mckinley

in Stinking Stones and Rocks of Gold: Phosphate, Fertilizer, and Industrialization in Postbellum South Carolina

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049243
eISBN:
9780813050065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049243.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Thischapter argues that land and river phosphate mining led to a dynamic local fertilizer manufacturing industrywhich had a profound impact on Charleston and Beaufort, South Carolina, southern ... More


Conclusions and Epilogue

Shepherd W. Mckinley

in Stinking Stones and Rocks of Gold: Phosphate, Fertilizer, and Industrialization in Postbellum South Carolina

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049243
eISBN:
9780813050065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049243.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter summarizes the importance of the three industries. They preceded the cotton mills and set in motion two separate chains of reaction, one agricultural and the other industrial. Abundant ... More


Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Agricultural input subsidies were a major feature of development policies in rural economies until the 1980s. Continuing rural poverty with low productivity and fertilizer use in smallholder staple ... More


Phosphorus, Food, and Our Future

Karl A. Wyant, Jessica R. Corman, and James J. Elser (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199916832
eISBN:
9780190267926
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199916832.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Phosphorus is essential to all life. A critical component of fertilizers, Phosphorus currently has no known substitute in agriculture. Without it, crops cannot grow. With too much of it, waterways ... More


The Global History of Organic Farming

Gregory A. Barton

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199642533
eISBN:
9780191851186
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199642533.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Organic farming is a major global movement that is changing land use and consumer habits around the world. This book tells the untold story of how the organic farming movement nearly faltered after ... More


Conclusions

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter pulls together the main themes and issues in the book. Following the book’s three part structure, it first summarizes changing subsidy theory and practice, with theoretical recognition ... More


Introduction

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter sets out the objectives and contents of the book as a whole. Despite increased economic growth in many African countries, high rates of rural poverty continue, associated with low ... More


Recent African experience with input subsidies

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Resurgent interest in agricultural input subsidies has led a number of countries in Africa to implement agricultural input subsidy programmes focusing particularly on fertilizers. This chapter ... More


FISP activities and achievements

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The implementation of the FISP as a national programme is complex, involving several activities and interaction and coordination of various stakeholders at different levels. Drawing on programme ... More


Innovation in the Marble and Granite Industry: Upcycle of Marble and Granite Wastes

Rania Hamza and Salah El-Haggar

in Sustainability and Innovation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789774166471
eISBN:
9781617976803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166471.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The dimension-stones industry is one of the oldest and largest industries worldwide. There are two main classes of rocks: calcareous and siliceous. The calcareous material, or marble, includes the ... More


Solutions

Michael Lannoo

in Malformed Frogs: The Collapse of Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255883
eISBN:
9780520942530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255883.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The strategy taken by most malformed frog researchers seems sound enough both in theory and in practice, and proceeds as follows: (1) develop awareness; (2) identify causes; (3) effect solutions. ... More


Agricultural Nutrient Use and Its Environmental Consequences

Peter M. Vitousek and Pamela A. Matson

in The Evolving Sphere of Food Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199354054
eISBN:
9780199398959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354054.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Industrial fertilizers will be used extensively for the foreseeable future as many countries seek to increase yields on their more productive agricultural lands. At the same time, industrial ... More


Marine Protected Areas And Fisheries Effects

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520278868
eISBN:
9780520961098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278868.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter identifies the uses of giant kelp as well as forest-associated species, including those comprising important recreational and commercial fisheries. These include food and fertilizer, ... More


Stinking Stones and Rocks of Gold: Phosphate, Fertilizer, and Industrialization in Postbellum South Carolina

Shepherd W. McKinley

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049243
eISBN:
9780813050065
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049243.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Centered near Charleston and Beaufort, the river and land mining industries dominated world production during the 1870s and 1880s. Phosphate mining fueled the rapid growth of local fertilizer ... More


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