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Gender Justice and Religion in Sub-Saharan Africa

Rogaia Mustafa Abusharaf

in Religion and the Global Politics of Human Rights

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195343397
eISBN:
9780199894123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343397.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the impact of African cultural traditions on interpretations of human rights. It finds considerable tension between a Western-defined notion of universal human rights and the ... More


Between Rites and Rights: Excision in Women's Experiential Texts and Human Contexts

Chantal Zabus

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756877
eISBN:
9780804768375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756877.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

In the past five decades and over three generations, African women writers have introduced a new autobiographical discourse around their experience of excision that brings nuance to the female ... More


Honorable Mutilation? Changing Responses to Female Genital Cutting in Sudan

Ellen Gruenbaum

in Anthropology and Public Health: Bridging Differences in Culture and Society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195374643
eISBN:
9780199865390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374643.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Female Genital Cutting practices (also known as FGM) are of several types—clitoridectomy, excision, infibulation, and reinfibulation—affecting women and girls in several African countries and other ... More


Introduction

in Between Rites and Rights: Excision in Women's Experiential Texts and Human Contexts

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756877
eISBN:
9780804768375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756877.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

During the United Nations decade for women (1975–1985), the practice of “female circumcision” was identified as female genital mutilation (FGM). Because the word “mutilation” was “thought to preempt ... More


Combining Clarity and Complexity A Layered Approach to Cross-Cultural Ethics

Elizabeth Kiss

in Naming Evil Judging Evil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226306735
eISBN:
9780226306742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226306742.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter addresses the issue of judgment in the face of cross-cultural complexity by examining two controversial cases—female genital mutilation and suicide bombings. It constructs a model of ... More


When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Karisa Cloward

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Many transnational campaigns, and particularly the transnational campaign on violence against women, promote international norms that target the behavior of local nonstate actors, while many of these ... More


Individual and Society: Claims and Responsibilities

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islam and the Challenge of Human Rights

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195388428
eISBN:
9780199866755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388428.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Islam

This chapter takes up the question of group rights, which is one of the four areas of contemporary international controversy over internationally recognized human rights. The concept of human rights ... More


The Message Matters: Framing the Claim

Alison Brysk

in Speaking Rights to Power: Constructing Political Will

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199982660
eISBN:
9780199362523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199982660.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter demonstrates the importance of framing human rights claims to deliver their message. In the case of human trafficking, frame alignment brings valuable but distorted attention. For the ... More


Introduction

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

The introduction asks how individuals and communities respond to transnational activism that pits international norms against local norms. It highlights the theoretical significance of research on ... More


FGM and Early Marriage in Kenya

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter outlines the practice of and campaign against FGM and early marriage in Kenya, among the Maasai and Samburu, and in the three case study communities. It discusses the scope of the two ... More


Were Jewish Women Ever Circumcised?

Shaye J. D. Cohen

in Why Aren't Jewish Women Circumcised?: Gender and Covenant in Judaism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520212503
eISBN:
9780520920491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520212503.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses female circumcision and analyses whether it was practiced in Jewish communities. Some cultures of the world practice female circumcision or female genital mutilation. The ... More


Stateness, Democracy, and Respect: Senegal in Comparative Perspective1

Alfred Stepan

in Tolerance, Democracy, and Sufis in Senegal

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162630
eISBN:
9780231530897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162630.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter analyzes the religious and cultural model of pluralism through the available comparative literatures on secularism, human rights, citizenship, and democratization. It incorporates the ... More


Conclusion

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter concludes by reviewing the theory and the central findings from the research conducted in the three Kenyan case study communities. It also places the theory in a broader context by ... More


Cultural Considerations and the Price of Religious Liberty

Amos N. Guiora

in Freedom from Religion: Rights and National Security

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199975907
eISBN:
9780190260194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199975907.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines cultural relativism within the context of religious liberty and religious extremism. It presents two examples of religious practices that are deemed harmful by larger society ... More


A Theory of Local-Level Responses to International Norm Promotion

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents the central theoretical framework for understanding local-level norm change in response to a conflict between international and local norms. It disaggregates individual norm ... More


Creating Local Awareness of International Norms

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Chapters 4 through 7 present empirical support for the theory, drawing on both qualitative interview data and original survey data. Chapter 4 focuses on awareness of international norms. It shows ... More


Facilitating Local Primary Behavior Change

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter considers the barriers to individual behavior change and the diffusion of behavior change through communities. It shows that because of the relatively low salience of the local norm ... More


Explaining Local Misrepresentation of Normative Commitments

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on rhetorical and secondary behavioral change. It finds that many individuals take steps to misrepresent or hide their true attitudes and behavior with respect to FGM and early ... More


Fostering Local Attitude Change

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter addresses attitude change in response to transnational activism against FGM and early marriage. It finds that individual attitude change is most likely to occur when the international ... More


Quasi-experiments and Heavy-up Experiments in Social Marketing

W. Douglas Evans

in Social Marketing Research for Global Public Health: Methods and Technologies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199757398
eISBN:
9780190226022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757398.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Use of natural experiments and other quasi-experimentation techniques such as heavy-up studies and propensity score matching are growing outcome evaluation approaches in social marketing. Natural ... More


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