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Introduction

Robert R. Bianchi

in Guests of God: Pilgrimage and Politics in the Islamic World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195171075
eISBN:
9780199835102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195171071.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The hajj has always had far-reaching political ramifications, but today, after a half century of sponsorship and regulation by governments around the world, it is more politicized than ever. In most ... More


Landownership in Eastern Germany Before the Great War: A Quantitative Analysis

Scott M. Eddie

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198201663
eISBN:
9780191718434
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201663.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The big landlords of eastern Germany have loomed large in Germany's history, but the absence of official statistics on land ownership has left their position and identity confined mostly to folklore, ... More


Ontological Elevation and Divine Favouritism

Ingo Gildenhard

in Creative Eloquence: The Construction of Reality in Cicero's Speeches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199291557
eISBN:
9780191594885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291557.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter explores Cicero's handling of two modes of religious self‐promotion by Roman aristocrats in the last centuries of the republic that posed a significant threat to the republican tradition ... More


Ultimatum Game with an Ethnicity Manipulation: Results from Khovdiin Bulgan Sum, Mongolia

Francisco J. Gil-White

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Two Ultimatum Game experiments conducted with the Torguud Mongols and the Kazakhs, people with a traditional pastoral–nomadic culture from Bulgan Sum, Khovd province, Western Mongolia, are reported: ... More


Transgressive Comedy and Partiality: Making Sense of our Amusement at His Girl Friday

Ward E. Jones

in Ethics at the Cinema

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195320398
eISBN:
9780199869534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320398.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

One of the more common experiences of the film viewer is that of finding something on the screen funny or humorous. Some of this amusement will be at what I will call transgressive actions, that is, ... More


Morality and Personal Relations

Jeffrey Blustein

in Care and Commitment: Taking the Personal Point of View

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067996
eISBN:
9780199852895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067996.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter indicates how impartialist moral theory can accommodate preferential treatment of friends and loved ones. It initially focuses on the argument of Stephen Toulmin called the “ethics of ... More


The ‘Long Family’ and its Decline 1

Leonore Davidoff

in Thicker than Water: Siblings and their Relations, 1780-1920

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199546480
eISBN:
9780191730993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546480.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History, Family History

A high birth rate among most people meant offspring were spread over a wide age range creating an ‘intermediate generation’ between parents and younger children. Life in middle-class households could ... More


Visual Bias

Maria Elizabeth Grabe and Erik Page Bucy

in Image Bite Politics: News and the Visual Framing of Elections

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195372076
eISBN:
9780199893478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372076.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter introduces a new approach to measuring bias based on the visual aspects of broadcast news. Unlike the candidates' verbal statements and self-presentation style, the indicators of visual ... More


Hell’s Angels: A Runaway Model of Pathological Altruism

Marc D. Hauser

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0268
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter builds from the many excellent chapters in this volume to suggest that pathological altruism has its origins in two evolutionarily ancient and adaptive mechanisms: in-group favoritism ... More


Emerging Accounts of Altruism: “Love Creation's Final Law”?

Jeffrey P. Schloss

in Altruism and Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195143584
eISBN:
9780199848119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143584.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Darwinism contributed a theory by which the brutality of nature could be viewed as redemptively generating beneficial outcomes. The significant aspect of inclusive fitness theory is that it not only ... More


Cosmopolitanism Without If and Without But

Lea Ypi

in Cosmopolitanism versus Non-Cosmopolitanism: Critiques, Defenses, Reconceptualizations

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678426
eISBN:
9780191757839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678426.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Cosmopolitanism has recently been criticized for representing an insufficiently distinctive or insufficiently informative view to make a significant contribution to current debates on global justice. ... More


Discipline and favouritism

Neil Ferguson, Gillian Douglas, Nigel Lowe, Mervyn Murch, and Margaret Robinson

in Grandparenting in divorced families

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861344984
eISBN:
9781447302452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861344984.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter considers the issues of child discipline and favouritism and ‘the rules’ that apply to the relationship between grandparents and their grandchildren. It asks: 1) does the ‘norm of ... More


Eric Williams and Public Service Reform

Roland G. Baptiste

in The Legacy of Eric Williams: Into the Postcolonial Moment

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781628462425
eISBN:
9781626746985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628462425.003.0007
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter examines Eric Williams’ attempts to reorganize his administration’s main arms of civil duty, such as those governing the employment practices of the police, teachers, and firefighters. ... More


The Free Market Democracy Dilemma

David C. Rose

in Why Culture Matters Most

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780199330720
eISBN:
9780190918712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199330720.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

In this chapter the tension between having a free market system and a democratic government is explored. Human flourishing requires ample general prosperity that comes from a free market system and ... More


Playing Favorites: Quantitative Evidence Linking Shared Economic Beliefs to Variation in IMF Treatment

Stephen C. Nelson

in The Currency of Confidence: How Economic Beliefs Shape the IMF’s Relationship with Its Borrowers

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501705120
eISBN:
9781501708305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501705120.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines quantitative evidence linking shared economic beliefs to variation in the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) treatment of borrowers. It first discusses the measures of IMF ... More


Speaking to Pothinus: Lucan and ‘Commonwealth’ Drama, from The Misfortunes of Arthur to The Tragedy of Nero

Edward Paleit

in War, Liberty, and Caesar: Responses to Lucan's Bellum Ciuile, ca. 1580 - 1650

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199602988
eISBN:
9780191744761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602988.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, British and Irish History: BCE to 500CE

In contrast to the previous chapter, Chapter 4 examines Lucan’s use chiefly in English political drama, ranging from The Misfortunes of Arthur (1588), an entertainment devised by lawyers for ... More


Unbiased Historian and Devoted Daughter

Leonora Neville

in Anna Komnene: The Life and Work of a Medieval Historian

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190498177
eISBN:
9780190498191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190498177.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

In Anna Komnene’s case, the historical ideal of writing without favoritism or bias was at odds with the cultural ideal of a woman’s devotion to her parents. This chapter focuses on Anna’s handling of ... More


James Yonge and John Cannon: Favouritism and Sibling Rivalry

Bernard Capp

in The Ties That Bind: Siblings, Family, and Society in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198823384
eISBN:
9780191862090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823384.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

James Yonge was a successful Plymouth surgeon, John Cannon a minor excise official and teacher with a scrappy and unsuccessful career. Both men lived to a good age, and both narratives reflect ... More


Introduction

Bernard Capp

in The Ties That Bind: Siblings, Family, and Society in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198823384
eISBN:
9780191862090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823384.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter introduces the issues, surveys briefly the existing literature, and sets out the scope of the book. It summarizes contemporary views on the appropriate relationship between siblings, ... More


The Experience of Childhood

Bernard Capp

in The Ties That Bind: Siblings, Family, and Society in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198823384
eISBN:
9780191862090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823384.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

The chapter sets out the gendered context of childhood, on family issues such as the education and behaviour deemed appropriate for boys and girls, and what level of freedom they might enjoy. It ... More


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