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Introduction

Robert R. Bianchi

in Guests of God: Pilgrimage and Politics in the Islamic World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195171075
eISBN:
9780199835102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195171071.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The hajj has always had far-reaching political ramifications, but today, after a half century of sponsorship and regulation by governments around the world, it is more politicized than ever. In most ... More


Landownership in Eastern Germany Before the Great War: A Quantitative Analysis

Scott M. Eddie

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198201663
eISBN:
9780191718434
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201663.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The big landlords of eastern Germany have loomed large in Germany's history, but the absence of official statistics on land ownership has left their position and identity confined mostly to folklore, ... More


Ontological Elevation and Divine Favouritism

Ingo Gildenhard

in Creative Eloquence: The Construction of Reality in Cicero's Speeches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199291557
eISBN:
9780191594885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291557.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter explores Cicero's handling of two modes of religious self‐promotion by Roman aristocrats in the last centuries of the republic that posed a significant threat to the republican tradition ... More


Transgressive Comedy and Partiality: Making Sense of our Amusement at His Girl Friday

Ward E. Jones

in Ethics at the Cinema

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195320398
eISBN:
9780199869534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320398.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

One of the more common experiences of the film viewer is that of finding something on the screen funny or humorous. Some of this amusement will be at what I will call transgressive actions, that is, ... More


Ultimatum Game with an Ethnicity Manipulation: Results from Khovdiin Bulgan Sum, Mongolia

Francisco J. Gil-White

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Two Ultimatum Game experiments conducted with the Torguud Mongols and the Kazakhs, people with a traditional pastoral–nomadic culture from Bulgan Sum, Khovd province, Western Mongolia, are reported: ... More


Morality and Personal Relations

Jeffrey Blustein

in Care and Commitment: Taking the Personal Point of View

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067996
eISBN:
9780199852895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067996.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter indicates how impartialist moral theory can accommodate preferential treatment of friends and loved ones. It initially focuses on the argument of Stephen Toulmin called the “ethics of ... More


The ‘Long Family’ and its Decline 1

Leonore Davidoff

in Thicker than Water: Siblings and their Relations, 1780-1920

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199546480
eISBN:
9780191730993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546480.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History, Family History

A high birth rate among most people meant offspring were spread over a wide age range creating an ‘intermediate generation’ between parents and younger children. Life in middle-class households could ... More


Visual Bias

Maria Elizabeth Grabe and Erik Page Bucy

in Image Bite Politics: News and the Visual Framing of Elections

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195372076
eISBN:
9780199893478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372076.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter introduces a new approach to measuring bias based on the visual aspects of broadcast news. Unlike the candidates' verbal statements and self-presentation style, the indicators of visual ... More


Hell’s Angels: A Runaway Model of Pathological Altruism

Marc D. Hauser

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0268
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter builds from the many excellent chapters in this volume to suggest that pathological altruism has its origins in two evolutionarily ancient and adaptive mechanisms: in-group favoritism ... More


Emerging Accounts of Altruism: “Love Creation's Final Law”?

Jeffrey P. Schloss

in Altruism and Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195143584
eISBN:
9780199848119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143584.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Darwinism contributed a theory by which the brutality of nature could be viewed as redemptively generating beneficial outcomes. The significant aspect of inclusive fitness theory is that it not only ... More


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