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Parallel Scientific Computation: A Structured Approach using BSP and MPI

Rob H. Bisseling

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529392
eISBN:
9780191712869
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529392.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book explains the use of the bulk synchronous parallel (BSP) model and the BSPlib communication library in parallel algorithm design and parallel programming. The main topics treated in the book ... More


Mothers on the Fast Track: How a New Generation Can Balance Family and Careers

Mary Ann Mason and Eve Mason Ekman

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195182675
eISBN:
9780199944019
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182675.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

In the past few decades the number of women entering graduate and professional schools has been going up and up, while the number of women reaching the top rung of the corporate and academic worlds ... More


The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Stefano Atzeni and Jürgen Meyer-ter-Vehn

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The book is devoted to targets for nuclear fusion by inertial confinement and to the various branches of physics involved. It first discusses fusion reactions and general requirements for fusion ... More


Fasting, Saubhāgya, and Jain Satī Narratives

M. Whitney Kelting

in Heroic Wives Rituals, Stories and the Virtues of Jain Wifehood

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195389647
eISBN:
9780199866434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389647.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter addresses the ways that Jain women, like Hindu women, locate their well‐being in their status as auspicious wives with living husbands (saubhagya) and the rituals they perform to protect ... More


Holy Men and Hunger Artists: Fasting and Asceticism in Rabbinic Culture

Eliezer Diamond

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195137507
eISBN:
9780199849772
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137507.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The existence of ascetic elements within rabbinic Judaism has generally been either overlooked or actually denied. This is in part because asceticism is not commonly identified with celibacy, whereas ... More


Days of Fasting and Thanksgiving

Andrew R. Holmes

in The Shaping of Ulster Presbyterian Belief and Practice, 1770-1840

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199288656
eISBN:
9780191710759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288656.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Marking of the ‘signs of the times’ and the appointment of days for fasting and thanksgiving were characteristics of 17th-century Presbyterianism. Seceders and evangelicals in the 18th and 19th ... More


Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Roger Traub, MD and Miles Whittington, PhD

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This book reviews a number of clinical neuropsychiatric conditions in which brain oscillations play an essential role. It discusses how the intrinsic properties of neurons, and the interactions ... More


Overview of In Vivo Cortical Oscillations

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

brain oscillations occur spontaneously, for example during sleep; as part of evoked responses following specific sensory stimulations; and as a correlate of cognitive and motor processes. In the ... More


Epilepsy

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Epilepsy can be viewed from inter-related clinical and electrical/cellular points of view. Before and during a so-called electrographic seizure, neuronal events become both highly correlated ... More


Very Fast Oscillations

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

VFO occurs in in vitro models when chemical receptors are blocked. In particular, VFO does not require GABAA receptors, even though interneurons fire at high rates during in vivo very fast ... More


Fast Computation on Massive Data Sets

Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes basic concepts and tools for tractably performing the computations described in the rest of this book. The need for fast algorithms for such analysis subroutines is becoming ... More


Fashion Retail

Christel Lane and Jocelyn Probert

in National Capitalisms, Global Production Networks: Fashioning the Value Chain in the UK, US, and Germany

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199214815
eISBN:
9780191721779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214815.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

This chapter provides an investigation of the following questions: why power passed from producers to retailers; how retailers utilize their dominance in the chain; and whether this imbalance of ... More


Historiography

Eyal Ben-Eliyahu, Yehudah Cohn, and Fergus Millar

in Handbook of Jewish Literature from Late Antiquity, 135–700 CE

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265222
eISBN:
9780191771873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265222.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter describes the following texts: Seder Olam; The Scroll of Fasting; Scholion to Megillat Taanit; and Toledot Yeshu. For each of these texts, details on the contents, dating, language, ... More


Puritan New England and the Foundations of the American Jeremiad

Andrew R. Murphy

in Prodigal Nation: Moral Decline and Divine Punishment from New England to 9/11

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195321289
eISBN:
9780199869855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195321289.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter provides an in‐depth exploration of the jeremiad in second‐generation New England (c.1660–1685). Delivered primarily in the form of election or fast day sermons, the New England jeremiad ... More


STRUCTURED MATRIX ANALYSIS

D. A. Bini, G. Latouche, and B. Meini

in Numerical Methods for Structured Markov Chains

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527688
eISBN:
9780191713286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527688.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter describes structural and computational properties which are the basis of the design and analysis of fast algorithms for the numerical solution of structured Markov chains. Toeplitz ... More


Obesity under Affluence Varies by Welfare Regimes

Avner Offer, Rachel Pechey, and Stanley Ulijaszek

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Among affluent countries, those with market-liberal regimes (which are also English-speaking) tend to have the highest prevalence of obesity. The impact of cheap, accessible high-energy food is often ... More


THE DIRICHLET PROBLEM I. WEAK SOLUTIONS

Juan Luis Vázquez

in The Porous Medium Equation: Mathematical Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198569039
eISBN:
9780191717468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569039.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter begins with a systematic study of the questions of existence, uniqueness, and main properties of the solutions of the PME by concentrating on the first boundary-value problem posed in a ... More


Fast ignition

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The concept of fast ignition of inertial fusion targets is to separate fuel compression from fuel ignition and to ignite precompressed fuel by a separate external beam acting as an injected trigger. ... More


Mixture Models

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines models that attempt to formulate amy information the mind has about the signals presented and how the mind then makes decisions about what and when to respond. Topics discussed ... More


Heroic Wives Rituals, Stories and the Virtues of Jain Wifehood

M. Whitney Kelting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195389647
eISBN:
9780199866434
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389647.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Being a good Jain woman involves negotiating between the mutually exclusive ideologies found in the South Asian discourse of devoted wifehood and in the Jain discourse of renunciation. This book ... More


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