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Introduction

Piero Ignazi

in Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198293255
eISBN:
9780191601903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293259.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This introductory chapter begins with an overview of the evolution of extreme right parties in Western Europe since the 1980s. It highlights the emergence of new extreme right parties that do not ... More


The Fascist Party and Popular Opinion in Mussolini's Italy

Paul Corner

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198730699
eISBN:
9780191741753
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198730699.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The enigma of how ordinary people related to would-be totalitarian regimes is still far from being resolved. The tension between repression and consensus renders analysis difficult; where one ends ... More


Adversaries: Polarized and Fragmented Party Politics of the Right

Jack Hayward

in Fragmented France: Two Centuries of Disputed Identity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199216314
eISBN:
9780191712265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216314.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The Left/Right bipolarization oversimplifies fractionalized schisms often prompted by personal ambitions disguised as ideological dissensions. The extreme Right was exemplified by the Action ... More


Conclusion

Azar Gat

in Fascist and Liberal Visions of War: Fuller, Liddell Hart, Douhet, and Other Modernists

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207153
eISBN:
9780191677519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207153.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History, History of Ideas

Fascism is primarily associated with the Mussolini's regime in Italy and Hitler's government in Germany. While these two countries exhibited an explosive effect, this study was only marginally ... More


From Victory to Vichy: Veterans in Interwar France

Chris Millington

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780719085505
eISBN:
9781781702680
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085505.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The most up-to-date and comprehensive English-language study of its kind, From victory to Vichy explores the political mobilisation of the two largest French veterans’ associations during the ... More


For Love of Country: An Essay On Patriotism and Nationalism

Maurizio Viroli

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293583
eISBN:
9780191600289
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293585.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In scholarly literature and common language, patriotism is often conflated with nationalism, which is associated with an exclusive, intolerant, and irrational attachment to one's nation. As the ... More


Martha Graham in Love and War: The Life in the Work

Mark Franko

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199777662
eISBN:
9780199950119
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777662.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Dance, History, American

Using newly discovered archival sources this book examines the major works of Martha Graham between 1938 and 1953, arguably her most productive period. Graham’s artistic maturation overlaps the ... More


Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe

Piero Ignazi

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198293255
eISBN:
9780191601903
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293259.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The extreme right has consolidated its presence across Western Europe. This book presents a compilation of studies on the ideological meanings and political/partisan expressions of the extreme right, ... More


Pathways to Twentieth‐Century Industrial Politics:

Colin Crouch

in Industrial Relations and European State Traditions

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279747
eISBN:
9780191599019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279744.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The impact of the events of the twentieth century on the patterns described in the previous two chapters is addressed, paying attention to the impact of fascism and Nazism and, in particular, social ... More


Great Britain: A Case of Failure

Piero Ignazi

in Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198293255
eISBN:
9780191601903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293259.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the lack of success of the extreme right in Great Britain. Fascist leanings were kept in check in the 1930s, when a fascist party was formed, and in the post-war years when ... More


The Mediterranean Countries: Too Late for Nostalgia, Too Early for Post-material Protest

Piero Ignazi

in Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198293255
eISBN:
9780191601903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293259.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The extreme right never took hold in Spain, Portugal, and Greece. Their relatively new democratic regimes as well as socio-economic change eliminated the foundations of right-extremist values, and ... More


Extreme Right Parties: The By-product of a ‘Silent Counter-revolution’?

Piero Ignazi

in Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198293255
eISBN:
9780191601903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293259.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The extreme right grew significantly in the last two decades of the 20th century, as evidenced by the advent of new parties, rise of formerly small and marginal organisations, and radicalisation of ... More


Epilogue

Piero Ignazi

in Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198293255
eISBN:
9780191601903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293259.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses major developments in right extremism in Europe between late 2000 and mid-2002. It highlights the successes of the following parties: FN in France, the FRPn in Norway, DFP in ... More


Political Ideas in the Twentieth Century

Isaiah Berlin

in Liberty

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249893
eISBN:
9780191598807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924989X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay examines the origins of three political doctrines of the twentieth‐century—Communism, Fascism, and Marxism—which Berlin linked through attributing to them the assumption that human life ... More


Meanings and Varieties of the Right

Piero Ignazi

in Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198293255
eISBN:
9780191601903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293259.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the Left-Right dichotomy and the meaning of the term ‘Right.’ It discusses how the terms Left and Right entered the political domain, and concludes that the changing paradigm of ... More


From Ideologies to Parties

Piero Ignazi

in Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198293255
eISBN:
9780191601903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293259.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the ideology and evolution of the extreme right. Historians and political philosophers have attributed the ideologies of ‘counter-revolutionism’ and ‘fascism’ to this term. ... More


Italy: The Faded Beacon and the Populist Surge

Piero Ignazi

in Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198293255
eISBN:
9780191601903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293259.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the evolution of fascism in Italy. Fascism found its complete and lasting realisation in inter-war Italy from 1922 until 1943-45. No other extreme right party succeeded in ... More


France: Prototype of the New Extreme Right

Piero Ignazi

in Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198293255
eISBN:
9780191601903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293259.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the development of the extreme right in France. It discusses the rise of the Front National (FN), the political party perceived by other parties and its own voters and cadres as ... More


Austria: Away From Liberalism

Piero Ignazi

in Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198293255
eISBN:
9780191601903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293259.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on the transformation Austria’s FPO political party from a ‘liberalist’ into a right extremist. The party is placed much closer to right extremism rather than ... More


Belgium: Right Extremism and Ethnic Nationalism

Piero Ignazi

in Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198293255
eISBN:
9780191601903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293259.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the extreme right in Belgium. Both the Walloon and Flemish extreme right parties advocate a strong state with a harsher penal code, ‘law and order’ enforcement, restoration of ... More


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