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Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Nicholas P. Money

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This book is concerned with the most devastating fungal diseases in history. These are the plagues of trees and crop plants caused by invisible spores that have reshaped entire landscapes and ... More


The Non‐Religious Background to Religious Reform in Ireland 1770–1850

Nigel Yates

in The Religious Condition of Ireland 1770-1850

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199242382
eISBN:
9780191603815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242380.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter looks at economic, political, and social developments in Ireland that had an impact on its religious development between 1770 and 1850.


Famine, Philanthropy and the Colonial State: North India in the Early Nineteenth Century

Sanjay Sharma

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195653861
eISBN:
9780199081653
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195653861.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

This book examines the lesser known aspects of the colonial state through the lens of the many famines and famine induced crimes which affected north India as it emerged from the ‘chaotic’ eighteenth ... More


The World Bank in India

Devi Sridhar

in The Battle Against Hunger: Choice, Circumstance, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549962
eISBN:
9780191720499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549962.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

This chapter begins with a brief history of nutrition and poverty concerns both in India and in the World Bank. The purpose of these sections is to describe the forces that led to the Bank-India ... More


The Limits of Rule Consequentialism

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on a single problem for Rule Consequentialism: whether it makes unreasonable demands under partial compliance. It recaps the arguments of The Demands of Consequentialism, and ... More


Milk and Honey: the Diet of the Israelites

Nathan MacDonald

in Not Bread Alone: The Uses of Food in the Old Testament

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546527
eISBN:
9780191720215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546527.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The Old Testament portrayal of Canaan as a ‘land flowing with milk and honey’ has determined many assessments of the Israelite diet. These fail to take into account the literary and rhetorical nature ... More


The Great Bengal Famine

Amartya Sen

in Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A case study of the Great Bengal Famine of 1943, which had a reported death toll of about 1.5 million. An explanation for the famine is analysed in terms of the most common approach used—food ... More


Famine Prevention in India

Jean Drèze

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 2: Famine Prevention

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286363
eISBN:
9780191718458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286363.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Though one may mistakenly attribute India's impressive recent record of famine prevention to a steady improvement in food production or to the overall evolution of the economy, this chapter argues ... More


Potato Soup

Nicholas P. Money

in Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

The Irish potato famine is the best known crop disease in history. This chapter addresses the root causes of the famine, with emphasis upon the relationship between the unprecedented population ... More


FARMING AND FEEDING THE HUNGRY: Plant Viruses and Human Enteroviruses

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses plant viruses and human enteroviruses. Population growth has an enormous impacton the global food supply. Two groups of viruses complicate the food chain. First, there are ... More


Society, Class and Gender

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The authors note the misleading nature of the distinction between man‐made and natural famine, before moving on to emphasise the role of social conditions and cooperative conflicts in the genesis of ... More


Famines and Social Response

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the first of four chapters dedicated to famines. It begins by emphasising the role of public intervention in avoiding famines and then elaborates on the advantages of thinking of famine ... More


Strategies of Entitlement Protection

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter studies how the simultaneous (and often conflicting) objectives of non‐exclusion and targeting can be pursued with varying emphasis, depending on the selection procedure adopted. It then ... More


Famine and Flight

James Carter

in Heart of Buddha, Heart of China: The Life of Tanxu, a Twentieth-Century Monk

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195398854
eISBN:
9780199894413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398854.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

In Xi’an, Tanxu worked to revive the famous Maternal Grace Temple (da ci’en si) in Xi’an, home to the Great Wild Goose Pagoda, which housed the first Buddhist scriptures brought from India to China, ... More


Introduction

Richard Finn Op

in Almsgiving in the Later Roman Empire: Christian Promotion and Practice 313-450

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199283606
eISBN:
9780191712692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283606.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This introductory chapter sets the scene by describing first the urban churches of the late empire, their likely size, income and other wealth, and geographical spread. It examines the diverse forms ... More


Remembering Joseph: His Rise and the Brothers' Conversion (Chaps. 41–42): Joseph Becomes the Wise Ruler of Egypt (Chap. 41)The Anatomy of the Brothers' Conversion (Chap. 42)

Thomas L. Brodie

in Genesis as Dialogue: A Literary, Historical, and Theological Commentary

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138368
eISBN:
9780199834037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138368.003.0037
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The narrative recounts first, how the butler finally remembered his sins and Joseph, thus bringing Joseph to be in charge of the famine situation (Genesis 41), and then how the famished brothers went ... More


Amid Famine and Death: Life and Blessing (47:12–Chap. 48): Amid Famine, Life (47:12–28)Amid Death: Blessing(47:29–Chap. 48)

Thomas L. Brodie

in Genesis as Dialogue: A Literary, Historical, and Theological Commentary

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138368
eISBN:
9780199834037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138368.003.0040
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Both episodes seem grim: great famine (Genesis 47:12–28), and Jacob's impending death (47:29–ch. 48). Yet, both conclude with suggestions of vitality. Joseph's takeover of the famine‐struck land, ... More


Hunger: Famine, Relief, and Identity in Basil's Cappadocia

Susan R. Holman

in The Hungry are Dying: Beggars and Bishops in Roman Cappadocia

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139129
eISBN:
9780199834310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195139127.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter places Basil of Caesarea's fourth‐century famine relief activities within the broader spectrum of the history of famine relief and the physiology of starvation. It summarizes what is ... More


Feast and Famine: Food and Nutrition in Ireland 1500-1920

Leslie Clarkson and Margaret Crawford

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198227519
eISBN:
9780191708374
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227519.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This book traces the history of food and famine in Ireland from the 16th to the early 20th century. It is concerned with what people ate and drank, and how consumption patterns changed over time. It ... More


Atlantic Island

S. J. Connolly

in Divided Kingdom: Ireland 1630-1800

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199543472
eISBN:
9780191716553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543472.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The first half of the 18th century saw only modest economic growth, interrupted by disastrous famines in 1728-9 and 1740-1. Thereafter, there was a rapid growth in exports both of agricultural ... More


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