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Summary and Conclusion

Neil Tennant

in The Taming of the True

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199251605
eISBN:
9780191698057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251605.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study on realist views of meaning and truth. The findings suggest that moderate anti-realism is well-motivated, internally coherent, and ... More


Universals and Diachrony: Some Observations

Johanna Nichols

in Linguistic Universals and Language Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298495
eISBN:
9780191711442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298495.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter reviews the preceding chapters in this volume. It says that although each one makes an original claim, none of them is sufficiently concerned with replicability and falsifiability to ... More


On the Historiography of Sound Change

Jeremy J. Smith

in Sound Change and the History of English

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199291953
eISBN:
9780191710568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291953.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This concluding chapter returns to the issues of historical explanation with which the book began. It begins with a discussion of multiple explanation — events can have several causes — and links ... More


The Seven Properties of Good Models

XAVIER GABAIX and DAVID LAIBSON

in The Foundations of Positive and Normative Economics: A Hand Book

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195328318
eISBN:
9780199851768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328318.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Models are significant as they are used to provide a supposedly reliable description or representation of the world. Most of the models that scientists attempt to generate and analyze are based on ... More


Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Allison B. Kaufman and James C. Kaufman (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In a post-truth, fake news world, we are particularly susceptible to the claims of pseudoscience. When emotions and opinions are more widely disseminated than scientific findings, and self-proclaimed ... More


The Limits of Knowledge and Inquiry

Thomas Harrison

in Divinity and History: The Religion of Herodotus

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253555
eISBN:
9780191715112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253555.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter shows that Herodotus clearly can (in some sense) distinguish true from false. He can also distinguish a story on the grounds that it is not falsifiable. However, though he may apply ... More


Verifying or Falsifying? And What?

Massimiliano Di Ventra

in The Scientific Method: Reflections from a Practitioner

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198825623
eISBN:
9780191864605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825623.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter explains the concept of “falsifiability” of a theory as understood by practicing scientists: an observation not in agreement with a theory simply sets a new boundary for that theory. It ... More


Civil society

Katherine Fierlbeck

in Globalizing Democracy: Power, Legitimacy and the Interpretation of Democratic Ideas

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719049958
eISBN:
9781781701416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719049958.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter investigates the claim that a robust democracy depends upon the ability to ‘strengthen civil society’. It describes how and why civil society has come to be used so widely and with such ... More


Introduction

John Allan Knight

in Liberalism versus Postliberalism: The Great Divide in Twentieth-Century Theology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199969388
eISBN:
9780199301546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199969388.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter introduces the overall argument of the book. It describes the concerns that drive the divide between liberals and postliberals. Liberal theologians are concerned to validate theological ... More


Hard Science, Soft Science, and Pseudoscience: Implications of Research on the Hierarchy of the Sciences

Dean Keith Simonton

in Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

It is proposed that the distinction between science and pseudoscience can be understood in the context of recent empirical research on the hierarchy of the sciences, a hierarchy that underlies the ... More


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