Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-10 of 20 items

  • Keywords: false positives x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

False Allegations of Sexual Abuse

Kathleen Coulborn Faller

in Interviewing Children about Sexual Abuse: Controversies and Best Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195311778
eISBN:
9780199865055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311778.003.0014
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

Both professionals and the public are attentive to and, in some instances, preoccupied with the possibility that sexual abuse allegation might be false. This chapter first differentiates between a ... More


Tests using single markers

Howard S. Cuckle and Nicholas Wald

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes screening based on the measurement of a single variable. Before considering the screening test in detail, it is necessary to consider the disorder for which screening is being ... More


Tests using multiple markers

Nicholas Wald and Allan Hackshaw

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the methodology behind screening using multiple markers together in a single test. The method is based on estimating an individual's risk of having the disorder being screened ... More


When Misinformed Patients Try to Make Informed Health Decisions

Wolfgang Gaissmaier and Gerd Gigerenzer

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Statistical illiteracy in health—the inability to understand health statistics—is widespread among the general public. Many people find it hard to accept uncertainty in the first place and, even if ... More


Screening, Diagnosis, and Prognosis

Michael B. Bracken

in Risk, Chance, and Causation: Investigating the Origins and Treatment of Disease

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300188844
eISBN:
9780300189551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300188844.003.0007
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter discusses the common dilemmas in the medical and public health sector. First, it must be established that no test for screening, diagnosis, or prognosis is 100 percent accurate. It is ... More


The Current State of the Science and the Law

Christopher Slobogin

in Proving the Unprovable: The Role of Law, Science, and Speculation in Adjudicating Culpability and Dangerousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195189957
eISBN:
9780199893980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189957.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter begins by describing the current state of prediction science, which is improving but is still almost as likely to produce inaccurate judgments as accurate ones. It also makes the crucial ... More


The Future of Newborn Screening

Stefan Timmermans and Mara Buchbinder

in Saving Babies?: The Consequences of Newborn Genetic Screening

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226924977
eISBN:
9780226924991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226924991.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The book concludes by enumerating at least five contemporary omens that signal the possible futures of newborn screening. The first omen suggests a future in which screening for rare genetic ... More


Understanding Uncertainty: False Negatives in Quantitative Risk Analysis

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in Tainted: How Philosophy of Science Can Expose Bad Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199396412
eISBN:
9780199396436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396412.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The chapter assesses another typical scientific value judgment, minimizing false positives (false assertions of an effect), not false negatives (false denials of an effect), when both cannot be ... More


Problem Investigation and Inferences Using the Case-Control Method

Haroutune K. Armenian

in The Case-Control Method: Design and Applications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195187113
eISBN:
9780199864898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187113.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by presenting the type of problems that are investigated using the case-control method. These include etiologic research, acute event investigation, and evaluation of health care ... More


Conspiracy’s Discontents: Prevention and False Positives After September 11

Peter Margulies

in Law's Detour: Justice Displaced in the Bush Administration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814795590
eISBN:
9780814759608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814795590.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines the Bush administration's conspiracy prosecutions as the cornerstone of a new strategy for prevention after 9/11. It begins with an overview of the history and theory of ... More


View: