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Italy: A Case of Fragmented Bipolarism

Roberto D'Alimonte

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Given that Italy has had one of the few perfectly bicameral parliamentary systems (in which each house has equal powers), there are two different electoral systems to analyse. These electoral systems ... More


Auto/biografiction: Counterfeit Lives: A Taxonomy of Displacements of Fiction towards Life‐Writing

Max Saunders

in Self Impression: Life-Writing, Autobiografiction, and the Forms of Modern Literature

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579761
eISBN:
9780191722882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579761.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter examines the converse displacement to that considered in Chapters 3 and Chapter 4, looking instead at cases where fiction‐writers colonize the forms of life‐writing, producing a variety ... More


Faking Does Distort Self-Report Personality Assessment

Ronald R. Holden and Angela S. Book

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter indicates that self-report personality assessment can be substantially distorted by faking. In putting forth this premise, the nature and the dimensionality of faking are examined, ... More


Fake Goods, Real Money: The Counterfeiting Business and its Financial Management

Georgios A. Antonopoulos, Alexandra Hall, Joanna Large, Anqi Shen, Michael Crang, and Michael Andrews

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447346968
eISBN:
9781447346982
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447346968.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The trade in counterfeit goods is growing. Recent EU studies on Fast Moving Consumer Goods indicate that 6.5% of all sports(wear) goods, 7.8% of cosmetics and 12.7% of luggage/handbags sold in the EU ... More


The Real Guide to Fake Barns: A Catalogue of Gifts for Your Epistemic Enemies

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter attempts to show that a particular intuition that has played a central role in discussions of epistemology for roughly a quarter‐century is highly unstable. This is the intuition that, ... More


Faking: Knowns, Unknowns, and Points of Contention 1

Matthias Ziegler, Carolyn MacCann, and Richard D. Roberts

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The chapter offers an introduction to the issue of faking on personality assessment. Before delving into the topic of faking itself, a short presentation of the history of personality assessment is ... More


A Conceptual Representation of Faking: Putting the Horse Back in Front of the Cart

Eric D. Heggestad

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0033
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Researchers have studied the expected effects of faking and explored potential solutions to the problem it presents without first developing a thorough understanding of its nature. The goal of this ... More


Plaintiffs Who Malinger: Impact of Litigation on Fake Testimony

Ryan C. W. Hall and Richard C. W. Hall

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0074
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses how psychometric testing can aid clinicians and forensic experts in understanding a patient/examinee. In addition, the chapter discusses how psychometric test results ... More


Intentional and Unintentional Faking in Education 1

Jeremy Burrus, Bobby D. Naemi, and Patrick C. Kyllonen

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0082
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter identifies two major components of faking in education: intentional faking and unintentional faking. The authors posit that if the ultimate goal of countering faking is to more ... More


Network Propaganda: Manipulation, Disinformation, and Radicalization in American Politics

Yochai Benkler, Robert Faris, and Hal Roberts

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190923624
eISBN:
9780190923662
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923624.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This book examines the shape, composition, and practices of the United States political media landscape. It explores the roots of the current epistemic crisis in political communication with a focus ... More


Fake Silk: The Lethal History of Viscose Rayon

Paul David Blanc

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300204667
eISBN:
9780300224887
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300204667.001.0001
Subject:
History, Economic History

When a new technology makes people ill, how high does the body count have to be before protectives steps are taken? This disturbing book tells a dark story of hazardous manufacturing, poisonous ... More


New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Matthias Ziegler, Carolyn MacCann, and Richard Roberts (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This book showcases a range of different viewpoints on response distortion from a diverse group of world experts in personality assessment. Chapters consider what it means to "fake" a personality ... More


My Unconventional Marriage or ménage à trois in Beijing

Xiaopei He

in As Normal as Possible: Negotiating Sexuality and Gender in Mainland China and Hong Kong

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099876
eISBN:
9789882206625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099876.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter provides a narrative of the author's performance and retraces her unique tactics of setting an admirable example in turning the institution of heterosexual, monogamous, and monosexual ... More


Biases in responding

David L. Streiner and Geoffrey R. Norman

in Health Measurement Scales: A practical guide to their development and use

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231881
eISBN:
9780191724015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231881.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Although it is hoped that respondents will answer all items honestly and accurately, this is often not the case. Various factors affect how a person will respond. These include the cognitive demands ... More


People Fake Only When They Need to Fake 1

Jill E. Ellingson

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that faking is a behavior that individuals will engage in when they believe it is necessary to obtain something of personal value and when they believe they are capable of doing ... More


The Rules of Evidence and the Prevalence of Applicant Faking

Richard L. Griffith and Patrick D. Converse

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses the longstanding question of “Do applicants fake?”. The authors discuss the nature of this question, a review of the relevant evidence, and an estimate of the degree to which ... More


Questioning Old Assumptions: Faking and the Personality–Performance Relationship

D. Brent Smith and Max McDaniel

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The goal of this chapter is to re-examine research and theory on impression management by examining alternatives to the trait-realist perspective on personality. By examining alternatives lenses on ... More


Innovative Item Response Process and Bayesian Faking Detection Methods: More Questions Than Answers

Nathan R. Kuncel, Matthew Borneman, and Thomas Kiger

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0036
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents a framework for considering faking from an item response perspective. This view argues that responding to personality items should be viewed from the perspective of the test ... More


Searching for Unicorns: Item Response Theory-Based Solutions to the Faking Problem

Michael J. Zickar and Katherine A. Sliter

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0038
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the application of item response theory (IRT) techniques to the detection of faking in personality assessment. The chapter begins with a discussion of the basics of IRT ... More


Overclaiming on Personality Questionnaires

Delroy L. Paulhus

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0045
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The over-claiming technique (OCT) is offered as a method of identifying fakers while simultaneously measuring their expertise in specific knowledge domains. The procedure is straightforward: ... More


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