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Vergence eye movements

Ian P. Howard

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 1 Basic Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764143
eISBN:
9780199949359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764143.003.0299
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

After a description of different types of eye movement the chapter describes the different types of horizontal vergence, including tonic vergence, proximal vergence, vergence induced by changes in ... More


Motion Vision and Eye Movements

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers motion vision and eye movements. It analyzes the general features and properties of motion vision that apply to all animals and examines how these are tuned for the visual ... More


The Pulfrich Effect

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The processing of binocular disparity has temporal as well as spatial characteristics. This chapter discusses the question of how the visual system processes signals that arrive both at different ... More


The limits of stereoscopic vision

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Binocular Vision and Stereopsis

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195084764
eISBN:
9780199871049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084764.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of basic terminology and tasks, tests of stereoscopic vision, and stereoacuity. It then covers spatial factors in stereoacuity, luminance contrast and ... More


BACKGROUND TO ACTIVE VISION

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the features of the visual and oculomotor systems that are particularly important for understanding active vision. First, the chapter describes the inhomogeneity of the visual ... More


Some Experimental Tools for Tracking Continuous Mental Trajectories

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter emphasizes the importance of identifying the time scale at which a given behavior exhibits detectably graded transitions from state to state. It covers a variety of experimental methods ... More


Signal Processing in Vestibular Nuclei (VN) of Alert Animals during Natural Behaviors

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean A. Büttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

in The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Sensory inputs encoding somatosensory, proprioceptive, and visual information as well as premotor signals related to the generation of eye and head movements are relayed to the vestibular nuclei. In ... More


Stereoscopic acuity

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 2 Stereoscopic Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764150
eISBN:
9780199949366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764150.003.0258
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

The threshold of detection of a difference in depth on the basis of binocular disparity is known as stereoacuity. Under the best conditions, a depth interval of 4 mm can be detected at a distance of ... More


VISUAL SAMPLING DURING TEXT READING

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is a review of eye movements during text reading. It starts with a review of the basic patterns of visual sampling during reading, then discusses visual perception during fixations in ... More


An Oculomotor Tutorial

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean A. Büttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

in The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The vestibular nuclei receive vestibular-related information from canal and otolith afferents as well as from the vestibulocerebellum. In addition and in contrast to other sensory systems, early ... More


Origins of eye movement research

Nicholas J. Wade and Benjamin W. Tatler

in The Moving Tablet of the Eye: The origins of modern eye movement research

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198566175
eISBN:
9780191584954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566175.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The origins of any area of scientific endeavour are often difficult to divine. This is certainly the case for the study of eye movements, which are an integral part of deriving information about our ... More


Summary and conclusions

Nicholas J. Wade and Benjamin W. Tatler

in The Moving Tablet of the Eye: The origins of modern eye movement research

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198566175
eISBN:
9780191584954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566175.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes the emergence of methods for measuring eye movements, drawing attention to the distinction between eye movement and eye position as well as between saccadic and pursuit eye ... More


Visual Updating and Visual Awareness

Michael McCloskey

in Visual Reflections: A Perceptual Deficit and Its Implications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168693
eISBN:
9780199871513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168693.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents results concerning AH's head and eye movements and the consequences of these movements for her visual location perception. It shows that AH often moved her head and eyes in the ... More


The Moving Tablet of the Eye: The origins of modern eye movement research

Nicholas Wade and Benjamin Tatler

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198566175
eISBN:
9780191584954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566175.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Eye movements are a vital part of our interaction with the world. They play a pivotal role in perception, cognition, and education. Research in this field is now proceeding at a considerable pace and ... More


Neural Systems: The Neural Basis of Behavior

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter details notable discoveries about neural systems in the 1950s. For instance, research revealed, for the first time, widely distributed systems involved in global functions underlying ... More


Paediatric vision testing

Janette Atkinson

in The Developing Visual Brain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198525998
eISBN:
9780191712395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525998.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes some of the methods used for testing vision in infants and young children in research and clinical assessment, including behavioural measures from observing eye movements ... More


Attention and Action in the Frontal Eye Field

Katherine M Armstrong, Robert J Schafer, Mindy H Chang, and Tirin Moore

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews studies on attention and action in the frontal eye fields. Topics covered include attention and its neuronal correlates in visual cortex, saccadic eye movements and attentional ... More


Looking and Acting: Vision and eye movements in natural behaviour

Michael Land and Benjamin Tatler

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570943
eISBN:
9780191693878
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570943.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The cooperative action of different regions of human brains gives an amazing capacity to perform activities as diverse as playing the piano and hitting a tennis ball. Somehow, without conscious ... More


Cortical Control of Visuomotor Reflexes

Robert Rafal

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter uses eye movements as a model system to investigate how midbrain reflex circuits and frontal and parietal systems for eye movement control combine to produce goal-directed behavior. ... More


Eye movement recording

Han Collewijn

in Vision Research: A Practical Guide to Laboratory Methods

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523192
eISBN:
9780191688850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523192.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the methods involved in recording eye movements. The movement of eyeballs are transduced into stored signals so as to obtain a permanent record of the eye movements. ... More


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