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Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Daniel Steel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331448
eISBN:
9780199868063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331448.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The biological and social sciences often generalize causal conclusions from one context to others that may differ in some relevant respects, as is illustrated by inferences from animal models to ... More


Looking Back and Ahead

Daniel P. Steel

in Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331448
eISBN:
9780199868063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331448.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter summarizes those that went before and ends by sketching some open questions.


Extrapolation and Its Limits

Stephen Yablo

in Aboutness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144955
eISBN:
9781400845989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144955.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

If A implies B, then is there always something that we can point to as what A adds to B? The logician, or logical engineer, says yes. The mysterian says no. To get a bead on the issue, this chapter ... More


Modeling Ecological Niches

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explains how environmental data can be used to create models that characterize species’ ecological niches in environmental space. It introduces a model, which is a function constructed ... More


Extrapolation and Heterogeneity

Daniel P. Steel

in Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331448
eISBN:
9780199868063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331448.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces the general methodological challenges that confront extrapolation in the biological and social sciences, and sketches the outlines of the mechanisms approach to those ... More


Extrapolation, Capacities, and Mechanisms

Daniel P. Steel

in Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331448
eISBN:
9780199868063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331448.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that previous accounts of extrapolation, either by reference to capacities or mechanisms, do not adequately address the challenges confronting extrapolation. It then begins the ... More


Ceteris Paribus and Extrapolation

Daniel P. Steel

in Across the Boundaries: Extrapolation in Biology and Social Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195331448
eISBN:
9780199868063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331448.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter further develops the mechanisms approach to extrapolation begun in chapter 5 and explores its relevance to the hotly debated issue of ceteris paribus laws. It argues that the ... More


Mathematics

G. E. R. Lloyd

in Disciplines in the Making: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Elites, Learning, and Innovation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567874
eISBN:
9780191721649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567874.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter explores the different ways in which what we can call mathematical investigations have been defined and practised in different societies. It argues that there is no one route that the ... More


Epistemic Enhancers

Paul Humphreys

in Extending Ourselves: Computational Science, Empiricism, and Scientific Method

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195158700
eISBN:
9780199785964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195158709.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Extrapolation, conversion, and augmentation are three ways in which our natural observational and computational abilities can be extended. Examples of each are given and the possibility of and need ... More


Instrumental and Experimental Considerations

Eaton E. Lattman, Thomas D. Grant, and Edward H. Snell

in Biological Small Angle Scattering: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780199670871
eISBN:
9780191749575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199670871.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Thic chapter describes some of the processes that are often carried out within specific data processing software associated with an instrument but are invisible to the user. It is useful to be aware ... More


Thinking ahead

Marian Stamp Dawkins

in Through Our Eyes Only?: The Search for Animal Consciousness

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198503200
eISBN:
9780191686474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198503200.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with the most basic ideas of what is meant by thinking. It has to do with ‘working things out in the head’ and so one needs to devise some way of showing that this is what an ... More


Style Investing

Michael Haliassos

in Financial Innovation: Too Much or Too Little?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262018296
eISBN:
9780262305495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018296.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The paper studies asset prices in an economy where some investors categorize risky assets into different styles and move funds among these styles depending on their relative performance. In this ... More


Interpolation and extrapolation

Joseph F. Boudreau and Eric S. Swanson

in Applied Computational Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198708636
eISBN:
9780191858598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198708636.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter deals with two related problems occurring frequently in the physical sciences: first, the problem of estimating the value of a function from a limited number of data points; and second, ... More


Sauropod Histology: Microscopic Views on the Lives of Giants

Kristina Curry Rogers and Gregory M. Erickson

in The Sauropods: Evolution and Paleobiology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246232
eISBN:
9780520932333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246232.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses the sauropod growth rates from the perspectives of bone histology, long bone growth, and developmental mass. It provides an overview of the evidence from living and fossil ... More


Alfred Bester: The Insider’s Outsider

Jad Smith

in Alfred Bester

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780252040634
eISBN:
9780252099076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040634.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The introduction examines how Bester’s unique approach challenged the paradigm of Golden Age science fiction. After a stint scripting comics and radio, Bester returned to the SF field in search of ... More


Empires of the Self: Autobiographical Novels

D. Harlan Wilson

in J. G. Ballard

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780252041433
eISBN:
9780252050039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041433.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Much of Ballard’s fiction extrapolates experiences from his own life. His entire canon might be viewed as an effort in self-fashioning and the creation of his own image even as he played with ... More


Jocular Juvenilia

Gary Westfahl

in Arthur C. Clarke

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780252041938
eISBN:
9780252050633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041938.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter argues that Clarke’s fiction falls into two categories: farcical pieces filled with adolescent humor--his juvenilia and later texts described as his “mature juvenilia”; and his ... More


Psychology and the Financial Crisis of 2007–2008

Michael Haliassos

in Financial Innovation: Too Much or Too Little?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262018296
eISBN:
9780262305495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018296.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter presents some ways in which ideas from psychology may be helpful for thinking about the financial crisis of 2007-2008. It focuses on three aspects of the crisis: the surge in house ... More


Descriptive statistics

Andrew Gelman and Deborah Nolan

in Teaching Statistics: A Bag of Tricks

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198785699
eISBN:
9780191827518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785699.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

Descriptive statistics is the typical starting point for a statistics course, and it can be tricky to teach because the material is more difficult than it first appears. The activities in this ... More


Decision Models in Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Karen M. Kuntz, Louise B. Russell, Douglas K. Owens, Gillian D. Sanders, Thomas A. Trikalinos, and Joshua A. Salomon

in Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190492939
eISBN:
9780190492960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190492939.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This is a new chapter and underscores recent advances in the field. Analysts typically face situations in which the data available about the costs and effects of different interventions come from ... More


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