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Justification without Awareness: A Defense of Epistemic Externalism

Michael Bergmann

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199275748
eISBN:
9780191603907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275742.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Virtually all philosophers agree that for a belief to be epistemically justified, it must satisfy certain conditions. Perhaps it must be supported by evidence, or perhaps it must be reliably formed, ... More


Truth in Virtue of Meaning: A Defence of the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction

Gillian Russell

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199232192
eISBN:
9780191715907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232192.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The analytic/synthetic distinction looks simple. It is a distinction between two different kinds of sentence: synthetic sentences are true in part because of the way the world is, and in part because ... More


The Subject's Point of View

Katalin Farkas

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199230327
eISBN:
9780191710629
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230327.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book defends a conception of the mind that is inspired by some of Descartes's writings. The crucial feature of the Cartesian view defended is not dualism — which is not adopted here — but ... More


Perception and Basic Beliefs: Zombies, Modules and the Problem of the External World

Jack C. Lyons

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195373578
eISBN:
9780199871988
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373578.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book addresses two central questions in epistemology: (1) which beliefs are epistemologically basic (i.e., noninferentially justified)? and (2) where does perception end and inferential ... More


Anti-Externalism

Joseph Mendola

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Externalism about mental content is the view that things outside of the skin or in the past are constitutive parts of present mental states. Internalism is the denial of externalism. This book ... More


Reliabilism and Contemporary Epistemology: Essays

Alvin I. Goldman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199812875
eISBN:
9780199933150
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812875.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This is a collection of chapters by the leading proponent of process reliabilism, explaining its relation to rival and/or neighboring theories including evidentialism, other forms of reliabilism, and ... More


Epistemic Luck

Duncan Pritchard

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199280384
eISBN:
9780191602290
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928038X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One of the key supposed ‘platitudes’ of contemporary epistemology is the claim that knowledge excludes luck. One can see the attraction of such a claim, in that knowledge is something that one can ... More


Terms of Envatment 1 (with Jon Altschul)

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter gives a brief coda in which the limitations of the Putnamian strategy are discussed. (Chapter 16, Section 2, provides another twist on the Putnam story.)


Concluding Reflections

Bryan Frances

in Scepticism Comes Alive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199282135
eISBN:
9780191602917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282137.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The importance of what was argued in the book was evaluated, with comments on which elements are of lasting significance for epistemology as a discipline. Notions treated include epistemic deference, ... More


The Metaphysics of the Incarnation

Anna Marmodoro and Jonathan Hill (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199583164
eISBN:
9780191725647
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583164.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The growth of both philosophy of mind and cognitive science has developed our understanding of the human mind in ways that just a few decades ago were unthinkable. As ideas from philosophy of mind ... More


Tracking Truth: Knowledge, Evidence, and Science

Sherrilyn Roush

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274734
eISBN:
9780191603228
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274738.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book develops and defends a new externalist, reliabilist theory of knowledge and evidence, and develops a new view about scientific realism. Knowledge is viewed as a tracking theory that has a ... More


Evidentialism: Essays in Epistemology

Earl Conee and Richard Feldman

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199253722
eISBN:
9780191601361
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253722.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The essays in this book defend evidentialism. This is the view that whether a person is epistemically justified in believing a proposition is determined entirely by the person's evidence. ... More


Things That Happen Because They Should: A Teleological Approach to Action

Rowland Stout

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240631
eISBN:
9780191680212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240631.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers have usually argued that the right way to explain people's actions is in terms of their beliefs and intentions rather than in terms of objective facts. This book takes the opposite line. ... More


Pastist Externalism about Memory Content

Sven Bernecker

in Memory: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577569
eISBN:
9780191722820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577569.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Content externalism is the view that the individuation conditions of mental content depend, in part, on external or relational properties of the subject's environment rather than only on internal ... More


Perception and Reason

Bill Brewer

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250455
eISBN:
9780191597114
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250456.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Discusses the role of conscious experiences in the acquisition of empirical knowledge. Most epistemology of perception takes a person's possession of beliefs about the mind‐independent world for ... More


Context and Content: Essays on Intentionality in Speech and Thought

Robert C. Stalnaker

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237075
eISBN:
9780191598456
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237073.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A collection about the intentionality of speech acts and propositional attitudes. The chapters in the first section develop a framework for pragmatics—the study of the interaction of speech acts and ... More


Practical Reality

Jonathan Dancy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253050
eISBN:
9780191597282
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253056.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Practical Reality is about the relation between the reasons why we do things and the reasons why we should. It claims that, in order to understand this relation, we have to abandon ... More


Pathways to Knowledge: Private and Public

Alvin I. Goldman

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195138795
eISBN:
9780199833252
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138791.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Explores issues ranging from introspection to social epistemology. “Internalism Exposed” pinpoints problems in the defense of internalism as an approach to epistemic justification. “A Priori Warrant ... More


Warrant: The Current Debate

Alvin Plantinga

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195078626
eISBN:
9780199833559
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195078624.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this book and in its sequels, Warrant and Proper Function and Warranted Christian Belief, I examine the nature of epistemic warrant, that quantity, enough of which distinguishes knowledge from ... More


Epistemic Justification

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243792
eISBN:
9780191598524
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243794.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Modern disputes about what makes a belief epistemically justified or rational are flawed through failing to recognize that there are different kinds of justifications that are in different ways ... More


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