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Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Alan Thomas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book seeks to further the debate between ‘cognitivists’ and ‘non-cognitivists’ about the possibility and the nature of moral knowledge. The book is divided into four parts. Part I presents the ... More


The Normative Web: An Argument for Moral Realism

Terence Cuneo

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218837
eISBN:
9780191711749
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218837.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Antirealist views about morality claim that moral facts do not exist. An interesting question to raise about these views is whether they imply that other types of normative facts, such as epistemic ... More


Practical Tortoise Raising: and other philosophical essays

Simon Blackburn

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199548057
eISBN:
9780191594953
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548057.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a collection of sixteen chapters written over the last twenty years. They include chapters on quasi-realism and practical reasoning, but range over many other topics, including trust, ... More


 Love of the Good among the Ruins: Charles Taylor and the Enchantment of Agency

David Kyuman Kim

in Melancholic Freedom: Agency and the Spirit of Politics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319828
eISBN:
9780199785667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319828.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses the philosophical and historical account that Charles Taylor developed on agency, identity, and the good, in particular in his collected essays and in Sources of the Self. The ... More


Normative Bedrock: Response-Dependence, Rationality, and Reasons

Joshua Gert

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199657544
eISBN:
9780191742217
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657544.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Expressivism and non-reductive realism represent two very widely separated poles in contemporary discussion s of normativity. But the domain of the normative is both large and diverse. It would be ... More


A Critique of Expressivism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the expressive/projective strategy, which covers a family of views with interrelated common themes. The two most highly developed themes, norm expressivism (defended by Allan ... More


Constructing a Theory of Rights: Building in Conversational Constraints

Attracta Ingram

in A Political Theory of Rights

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279631
eISBN:
9780191599545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279639.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The conception of autonomy described in the previous chapter yields interconnected norms of Equal Respect, Reasonableness, Generality, Symmetry, Secularity, and Universality. The interpretation of ... More


Was Moore a Moorean?

Jamie Derier

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter traces Moore's attempts — beginning in Principia Ethica up though his 1922 ‘The Conception of Intrinsic Value’ — to characterize the difference between natural and non-natural ... More


The Legacy of <i>Principia</i>

Judith Jarvis Thomson

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the legacy in question is that the force of the open question argument, together with the rejection of the Moorean idea that there are non-natural properties, motivate two ... More


Cognitivist Expressivism

Terry Horgan and Mark Timmons

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter challenges the so-called semantic assumption — according to which beliefs are necessarily descriptive in that they purport to represent or describe some state of affairs — by arguing ... More


Truth and the Expressing in Expressivism

Stephen Barker

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter proposes a new framework for metaethical expressivism that involves a combination of several elements. First, it claims that evaluative sentences are used to make genuine assertions, and ... More


From Epistemic Expressivism to Epistemic Inferentialism

Matthew Chrisman

in Social Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577477
eISBN:
9780191595189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577477.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Recent philosophical debate about the meaning of knowledge claims has largely centred on the question of whether epistemic claims are plausibly thought to be context sensitive. The default assumption ... More


Epistemic Expressivism: Traditional Views

Terence Cuneo

in The Normative Web: An Argument for Moral Realism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218837
eISBN:
9780191711749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218837.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Expressivist views in morality accept a similar ontology to that of error theories: they deny that moral facts exist. However, they also maintain that moral discourse does not even purport to state ... More


Epistemic Expressivism: Nontraditional Views

Terence Cuneo

in The Normative Web: An Argument for Moral Realism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199218837
eISBN:
9780191711749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218837.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter engages with the second version of epistemic expressivism, the so-called non-traditional epistemic expressivism. This view is distinguished from traditional expressivism inasmuch as it ... More


Cultural Authority in the Age of Whitman: A Transatlantic Perspective

Gunter Leypoldt

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635740
eISBN:
9780748651658
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635740.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This book deals with narratives of cultural legitimation in nineteenth-century US literature, in a transatlantic context. Exploring how literary professionalism shapes romantic and modern cultural ... More


On the Meaning of “Ought” 1

Matthew Chrisman

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653492
eISBN:
9780191741661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653492.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Discussions about the meaning of the word “ought” are pulled in two apparently competing directions. First, in ethical theory this word is used in the paradigmatic statement of ethical principles and ... More


Expression, Truth, and Reality: Some Variations on Themes from Wright

Dorit Bar-On

in Mind, Meaning, and Knowledge: Themes from the Philosophy of Crispin Wright

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199278053
eISBN:
9780191745386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278053.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In several writings, Crispin Wright lists expressivism among the chief ‘anti-realist paradigms’, and an unsuccessful one at that. The success of expressivism at avoiding unwanted ontological ... More


Introduction

Ralph Wedgwood

in The Nature of Normativity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199251315
eISBN:
9780191719127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251315.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter first introduces one of the main ideas of the book — that the normativity of the intentional is the ‘key to metaethics’. It is suggested that this idea naturally captures a kind of ... More


Truth, Beauty, and Goodness

Simon Blackburn

in Practical Tortoise Raising: and other philosophical essays

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199548057
eISBN:
9780191594953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548057.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter suggests a surprising parallelism between deflationism in the theory of truth and an approach to the predicates and propositions with which we express moral and aesthetic evaluations.


Must We Weep for Sentimentalism?

Simon Blackburn

in Practical Tortoise Raising: and other philosophical essays

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199548057
eISBN:
9780191594953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548057.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter rebuts recent attacks on sentimentalism by Samuel Kerstein and Christopher Peacocke. Each has supposed that it follows from expressive theories of ethics that if our sentiments were ... More


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