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Analyzing Oppression

Ann E. Cudd

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195187434
eISBN:
9780199786213
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187431.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book presents a new, integrated theory of social oppression, which tackles the fundamental question that no theory of oppression has satisfactorily answered: if there is no natural hierarchy ... More


Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

David Miller

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Offers a theoretical defence of market socialism, a third way between traditional capitalism and traditional socialism, which combines a market economy with social control of capital and employee ... More


The Ethics of Pediatric Research

David Wendler

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730087
eISBN:
9780199776689
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730087.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Millions of children suffer from diseases and illnesses who do not have adequate treatment. And many other children are harmed by medicines intended to help them. To protect and help these children ... More


Globalizing Justice: The Ethics of Poverty and Power

Richard W. Miller

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581986
eISBN:
9780191723247
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581986.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The claim that people in developed countries have vast, unmet obligations to help people in developing countries is usually based on duties of kindness or a global extrapolation of justice among ... More


Rethinking the Ethics of Clinical Research: Widening the Lens

Alan Wertheimer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199743513
eISBN:
9780199827145
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743513.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Clinical research requires that some people be used and possibly harmed for the benefit of others. What justifies such use of people? This book provides an in-depth philosophical analysis of several ... More


The Right to Exploit: Parasitism, Scarcity, and Basic Income

Gijs Van Donselaar

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195140392
eISBN:
9780199871483
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140392.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In 1895, an English farmer diverted the course of a stream that was flowing through his land, thereby cutting off the supply to the water reservoir of the neighboring community. The courts ... More


The Philosophy and Economics of Market Socialism: A Critical Study

N. Scott Arnold

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195088274
eISBN:
9780199853014
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195088274.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book argues that the most defensible version of a market socialist economic system would be unable to realize widely held socialist ideals and values. In particular, it would be responsible for ... More


Climate Change, Fairness, and Equity

Steve Vanderheiden

in Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195334609
eISBN:
9780199868759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334609.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines the nature of justice as a normative ideal that captures part of the offense of anthropogenic climate change and might serve as the basis for a remedial global climate regime ... More


Introduction

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This introductory chapter sets out the scope of the book: small-scale exploitation of wild species rather than large scale commercial operations such as fishing fleets, forestry or farming; a ... More


Impacts of Macroeconomic Policies on the Environment, Natural Resources, and Welfare in Developing Countries

López Ramón and Michael A. Toman

in Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199298006
eISBN:
9780191603877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199298009.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses relationships between the macro economy and economic policy, and the environmental and resource situation in developing countries. It focuses on the distortive effects of ... More


Strings Attached: Untangling the Ethics of Incentives

Ruth W. Grant

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151601
eISBN:
9781400839742
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151601.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Incentives can be found everywhere—in schools, businesses, factories, and government—influencing people's choices about almost everything, from financial decisions and tobacco use to exercise and ... More


Organ Sales

Cécile Fabre

in Whose Body is it Anyway?: Justice and the Integrity of the Person

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199289998
eISBN:
9780191603556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199289999.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that in cases when the healthy are not under a duty to make their organs available to those who need them, they have the right to sell them for a profit. It reviews two objections ... More


Prostitution

Cécile Fabre

in Whose Body is it Anyway?: Justice and the Integrity of the Person

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199289998
eISBN:
9780191603556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199289999.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that individuals have the right to sell and buy sexual services. It reviews the commodification and gender inequality objections to prostitution, and outlines ways in which the ... More


Surrogacy Contracts

Cécile Fabre

in Whose Body is it Anyway?: Justice and the Integrity of the Person

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199289998
eISBN:
9780191603556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199289999.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that individuals have the right to sell and buy sexual reproductive services by way of surrogacy contracts. It reviews four objections to surrogacy based on commodification, ... More


The Governance of Explorative Knowledge Production

Margit Osterloh and Antoinette Weibel

in Knowledge Governance: Processes and Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199235926
eISBN:
9780191717093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235926.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

The generation of new knowledge is crucial for a firm's competitive advantage. This chapter analyses explorative knowledge production in teams as a social dilemma. Such social dilemmas can to some ... More


Real Freedom for All: What (if Anything) Can Justify Capitalism?

Philippe Van Parijs

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293576
eISBN:
9780191600074
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293577.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

What is a just society? It is a society in which the real freedom to do whatever one might wish to do is fairly distributed among all. This conception of social justice combines freedom, equality, ... More


Cognitive Distance in and Between Communities of Practice and Firms: Where Do Exploitation and Exploration Take Place, and How Are They Connected?

Bart Nooteboom

in Community, Economic Creativity, and Organization

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545490
eISBN:
9780191720093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545490.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

This chapter addresses the question of how communities of different types, such as communities of practice and epistemic communities, relate to the task of organizations to combine exploitation and ... More


Compensation for Historic International Injustice

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines claims that compensation should be paid as a result of the lasting harm and benefit caused by historic injustice. It argues that present day parties who have benefited from the ... More


Class and State: The Western Bourgeoisie

Graeme Gill

in Bourgeoisie, State and Democracy: Russia, Britain, France, Germany, and the USA

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199544684
eISBN:
9780191719912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544684.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Democratization

This chapter focuses on the extent to which, in Britain, France, Germany, and the USA, the bourgeoisie has sought to use the state as a resource (and thereby exploit it), and to capture the state. ... More


Class and State: The Post‐Soviet Bourgeoisie

Graeme Gill

in Bourgeoisie, State and Democracy: Russia, Britain, France, Germany, and the USA

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199544684
eISBN:
9780191719912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544684.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Democratization

This chapter outlines the relationship between businessmen and state in terms of private exploitation of state resources, and capture of the state. After outlining the particular conditions within ... More


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