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Argument-Sharing I: Raising

John M. Anderson

in Modern Grammars of Case

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297078
eISBN:
9780191711404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297078.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter argues that recognition of the notional basis for syntax is one major factor in obviating an abstract syntax with transformations and ‘empty categories’. The other is admission to ... More


Expletive pro and misagreement in Late Middle English *

Kleanthes K. Grohmann and Richard Ingham

in Historical Syntax and Linguistic Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560547
eISBN:
9780191721267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560547.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This chapter deals with a grammatical phenomenon in Late Middle English here identified as Postfinite Misagreement, in which a finite singular auxiliary form co‐occurs with a plural subject in ... More


On the Germanic properties of Old French

Eric Mathieu

in Historical Syntax and Linguistic Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560547
eISBN:
9780191721267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560547.003.0020
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This chapter shows that, in addition to V2, Stylistic Fronting and Quirky subjects, Old French had the following Germanic properties: Object Shift and Transitive Expletive Constructions. All these ... More


Results, If Any

Paul M. Postal

in Edge-Based Clausal Syntax: A Study of (Mostly) English Object Structure

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014816
eISBN:
9780262295482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014816.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

This book has presented a general theoretic framework that shows natural language (NL) grammar to be a nongenerative, model-theoretic system. It has also provided evidence to support a notion of ... More


Sì and e as CP Expletives in Old Italian

CECILIA POLETTO

in Grammaticalization and Parametric Variation

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199272129
eISBN:
9780191709821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272129.003.0013
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter examines the grammaticalization process of two CP elements in Old Italian: the particles sì and e. The chapter contributes to shedding light on the complex phenomenon of V2 on the one ... More


Copy Raising

Ash Asudeh

in The Logic of Pronominal Resumption

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199206421
eISBN:
9780191738081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206421.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter shows how the Resource Management Theory of Resumption (RMTR) can unify resumptive pronouns in unbounded dependencies and copy pronouns in copy raising as instances of resumption. It has ... More


Null Subjects in Generative Grammar: A Synchronic and Diachronic Perspective

Federica Cognola and Jan Casalicchio (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198815853
eISBN:
9780191853449
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815853.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This book considers the null-subject phenomenon, whereby some languages lack an overtly realized referential subject in specific contexts. In generative syntax—the approach adopted in this volume—the ... More


External Arguments in Transitivity Alternations: A Layering Approach

Artemis Alexiadou, Elena Anagnostopoulou, and Florian Schäfer

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199571949
eISBN:
9780191757433
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571949.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This book is an exploration of the syntax of external arguments in transitivity alternations from a cross-linguistic perspective. The empirical focus is the causative/anticausative alternation and ... More


Transitive Expletives in Appalachian English

Raffaella Zanuttini and Judy B. Bernstein

in Micro-Syntactic Variation in North American English

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199367221
eISBN:
9780199367245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199367221.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Appalachian English displays discontinuous subjects consisting of they or there and a quantifier, e.g., “They won’t nobody know you’re gone.” These subjects require the presence of a modal or ... More


A diachronic shift in the expression of person 1

Judy B. Bernstein and Raffaella Zanuttini

in Parameter Theory and Linguistic Change

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659203
eISBN:
9780191745188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659203.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

Singular and plural lexical subjects co-occur with verbal -s in Appalachian English, arguably a vestige of the person marking characterizing its ancestor variety, Older Scots. Reminiscent of the ... More


Historical context

Francesco Maria Ciconte

in Existentials and Locatives in Romance Dialects of Italy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198745266
eISBN:
9780191806230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745266.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

The chapter outlines the historical context in which Italo-Romance there sentences developed. Firstly, it is observed that the proform, which is absent in Latin, appears in early Italo-Romance ... More


Passivization Targets: II

Paul M. Postal

in Edge-Based Clausal Syntax: A Study of (Mostly) English Object Structure

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014816
eISBN:
9780262295482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014816.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

It is not theoretically possible for an English 2 arc cooccurring with a final 3 arc to be a prepassive arc of either type. That English ditransitive clauses cannot have periphrastic 2 object passive ... More


Micro-Syntactic Variation in North American English

Raffaella Zanuttini and Laurence Horn (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199367221
eISBN:
9780199367245
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199367221.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

By comparing linguistic varieties that are quite similar overall, linguists can often determine where and how grammatical systems differ, and how they change over time. The goal of this work is to ... More


An effect of residual T-to-C movement in varieties of English

Judy B. Bernstein

in Word Order Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198747307
eISBN:
9780191809712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747307.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter examines verb-second (V2) cross-linguistically in closely related varieties of English: Older Scots, displaying general V2; present-day Appalachian English and African American English, ... More


Typological features of grammaticalization in Semitic

Mohssen Esseesy

in Grammaticalization from a Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198795841
eISBN:
9780191837036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795841.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Language Families

This study highlights some notable typological features of ancient and modern Semitic languages. It sheds light on a number of shared intragenetic similarities and parallels within Semitic in the ... More


The prefield after the Old High German period

Augustin Speyer and Helmut Weiß

in Clause Structure and Word Order in the History of German

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198813545
eISBN:
9780191851414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813545.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The filling of the prefield in Modern German is determined by information-structural constraints such as scene-setting, contrastiveness, and topichood. While OHG does not yet show competition between ... More


Aspects of the syntax of <i>ce</i> in French copular sentences

Isabelle Roy and Ur Shlonsky

in The Grammar of Copulas Across Languages

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198829850
eISBN:
9780191868344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829850.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter offers a syntactic analysis of French ce in copular constructions. It is argued that the distribution of ce is best understood in terms of the conditions on the agree operation inside ... More


Expletive there in West Germanic

Caitlin Light

in Syntax over Time: Lexical, Morphological, and Information-Structural Interactions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199687923
eISBN:
9780191767319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687923.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The status of the subject position in German has been the source of some debate. This chapter presents evidence that in historical stages of German, there was a subject expletive, da (‘there’), ... More


On the null-subject phenomenon

Federica Cognola

Jan Casalicchio (ed.)

in Null Subjects in Generative Grammar: A Synchronic and Diachronic Perspective

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198815853
eISBN:
9780191853449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815853.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This chapter offers an up-to-date discussion of the multiple issues raised by the null-subject phenomenon and the theoretical analyses put forth within Generative Grammar, situating the volume’s ... More


On <i>nó</i> as an optional expletive in Vietnamese

Ciro Greco, Trang Phan, and Liliane Haegeman

in Null Subjects in Generative Grammar: A Synchronic and Diachronic Perspective

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198815853
eISBN:
9780191853449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815853.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This chapter focuses on the use of the pronoun nó as an optional expletive in spoken Vietnamese, a radical pro-drop language. Having provided a detailed description of the distribution and ... More


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