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Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science

Steven Horst

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195317114
eISBN:
9780199871520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Contemporary debates in philosophy of mind‐between reductionists, dualists, nonreductive materialists, and eliminativists‐have been based upon the perception that mental phenomena like consciousness ... More


The Explanation of Social Action

John Levi Martin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199773312
eISBN:
9780199897223
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773312.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

The social sciences have increasingly placed all their bets on a notion of explanation that turns on linking abstractions through causal relations. This explanatory vocabulary is, if analysts deem it ... More


Is There a God?

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780198235446
eISBN:
9780191705618
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235446.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book is a short and non-technical presentation of the cumulative argument for the existence of God. An explanatory hypothesis is probable insofar as it leads us to expect many otherwise ... More


Sound Change and the History of English

Jeremy Smith

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199291953
eISBN:
9780191710568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291953.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This book addresses the question: why do sound changes happen when and where they do? It discusses the origins of a series of sound changes in English. It relates the arguments to larger questions ... More


Slaves of the Passions

Mark Schroeder

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Long claimed to be the ‘dominant conception of practical reason’, the Humean theory that reasons for action are instrumental, or explained by desires, is the basis for a range of worries about the ... More


Artworld Metaphysics

Robert Kraut

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228126
eISBN:
9780191711053
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228126.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The artworld is a complicated place. It contains acts of artistic creation, interpretation, evaluation, preservation, misunderstanding, and condemnation. The goal of this book is to turn a critical ... More


Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action

Maria Alvarez

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550005
eISBN:
9780191720239
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550005.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Understanding human beings and their distinctive rational and volitional capacities is one of the central tasks of philosophy. The task requires a clear account of such things as reasons, desires, ... More


Introduction

Christopher Peacocke

in Truly Understood

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199239443
eISBN:
9780191717000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239443.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This introduction begins with a discussion of the principal claim of the book, which is that reference and truth have an explanatory role to play in the nature of understanding and ... More


Introduction

Maria Alvarez

in Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550005
eISBN:
9780191720239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550005.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The Introduction sets out the aim of the book, which is to contribute to a better understanding of reasons in the context of human action. Some of the questions the book addresses are: What are ... More


Conclusion

Maria Alvarez

in Kinds of Reasons: An Essay in the Philosophy of Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550005
eISBN:
9780191720239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550005.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The conclusion briefly draws together the main conclusions of the book and places them against the background of the questions that dominated action theory for decades after the publication of ... More


Value-Free Science?: Ideals and Illusions

Harold Kincaid, John Dupré, and Alison Wylie (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308969
eISBN:
9780199867608
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308969.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It has long been thought that science is our best hope for realizing objective knowledge but that, to deliver on this promise, it must be free of the influence of any values that are not purely ... More


Desire, Practical Reason, and the Good

Sergio Tenenbaum (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195382440
eISBN:
9780199870158
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382440.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Most philosophers working in moral psychology and practical reason think that either the notion of “good” or the notion of “desire” have central roles to play in our understanding of intentional ... More


Doing Things for Reasons

Rüdiger Bittner

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143645
eISBN:
9780199833085
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143647.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What are the reasons for which people do things? A common answer is “the pairing of a desire and a belief within the agent”. Arguing that the desire‐belief‐theory is supported only by an old ... More


The Divine Lawmaker: Lectures on Induction, Laws of Nature, and the Existence of God

John Foster

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199250592
eISBN:
9780191600913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250596.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In our experience so far, the universe has worked in remarkably regular ways, and these regularities call for explanation. One way of accounting for them would be to suppose that things have been ... More


Causation and Explanation

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

These two analyses of law, while consistent, allow us to explain Malebranche's complex attitude toward the connection between causation and explanation. Taken as summaries of God's volitions, laws ... More


Concluding Remarks

Michael I. Posner

in Attention in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791217
eISBN:
9780199932207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791217.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a summary of what has been reviewed in this volume. It is all too common to hear in neuroscience and psychology that attention is a vague concept not amenable to a truly ... More


Consciousness: Essays from a Higher-Order Perspective

Peter Carruthers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199277360
eISBN:
9780191602597
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199277362.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book is a collection of essays about consciousness and related issues. It focuses mostly on developing, defending, and exploring the implications of one particular sort of reductive explanation ... More


Why there is Something rather than Nothing

Bede Rundle

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199270507
eISBN:
9780191601392
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270503.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If, as the theist maintains, God is a being who exists of necessity, his existence explains why there is something rather than nothing. However, a less demanding explanation is also possible: not ... More


Representation, Meaning, and Thought

Grant Gillett

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239932
eISBN:
9780191680045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239932.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This study examines the relationship between thought and language by considering the views of Kant and the later Wittgenstein alongside many strands of contemporary debate in the area of mental ... More


Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

G. F. Schueler

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book involves rethinking the answer to Davidson's question, ”What is the relation between a reason and an action when the reason explains the action by giving the agent's reason for doing what ... More


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