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The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

David E. Klein and Gregory Mitchell (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This volume of essays examines the psychological processes that underlie judicial decision making. Chapters in the first section of the book take as their starting point the fact that judges make ... More


Family liaison: when once has to be enough

Julie Ellison

in Brief Interventions with Bereaved Children

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199561643
eISBN:
9780191730313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561643.003.0018
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses family liaison, which is a core policing function, although for many years it has been generally confined to homicide investigations. Family Liaison Officers (FLOs) are tasked ... More


 Particular Moral Rules and Special Duties

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter shows how different societies and professions generate particular moral rules and special duties from the general moral rules and moral ideals. The role that particular moral rules and ... More


Calamity, Conspiracy, and Chaos in Public Management

Christopher Hood

in The Art of the State: Culture, Rhetoric, and Public Management

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297659
eISBN:
9780191599484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297653.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In Chapters 2–3 of the Introduction, the cultural‐theory framework is used to explore two central problems of public management—the analysis of the characteristic ways in which different forms of ... More


Liberal Democracy and Policy‐Making: Knowledge and the Formation of Social Policy

Desmond King

in In The Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the USA and Britain

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296294
eISBN:
9780191599668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296290.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

King presents a historical account of the rise of expert influence on public policy and offers an explanation of how governments adopt illiberal social policies shaped by these expert ideas. He ... More


‘Reconditioning the Unemployed’: Work Camps in Britain

Desmond King

in In The Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the USA and Britain

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296294
eISBN:
9780191599668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296290.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

King documents the establishment and operation of British Instructional Centres from 1929–38, ‘labour camps’, which also featured physical training and reconditioning classes. He argues that, unlike ... More


BSE: risk, science and governance

Patrick van Zwanenberg and Erik Millstone

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525813
eISBN:
9780191723902
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525813.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book presents a systematic analysis of how BSE policy was made in the UK and EU, 1986%#x2013;2004. The main focus is on the role of scientific expertise, advice, and evidence in policy-making ... More


Computer-Co and Electric-Co: The Pursuit of Design and Development Capabilities

Tony Elger and Chris Smith

in Assembling Work: Remaking Factory Regimes in Japanese Multinationals in Britain

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241514
eISBN:
9780191714405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241514.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter considers a firm exceptional among Japanese inward investors in its systematic commitment to local design and development capabilities. The Japanese parent company bought a local firm ... More


Being a Professional: Problems and Promises

George Cheney, Daniel J. Lair, Dean Ritz, and Brenden E. Kendall

in Just a Job?: Communication, Ethics, and Professional Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195182774
eISBN:
9780199871001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182774.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter addresses the domain of the professional, taking seriously the notion that the professional is personal, in addition to being social, political, and ethical. The chapter traces the ... More


Overcoming Organizational Barriers to Knowledge Retention

David W. DeLong

in Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter identifies four sources of problems that promote knowledge loss in organizations by creating barriers to knowledge sharing and knowledge management. It suggests change management ... More


Who Decides, and How?: Preferences, Uncertainty, and Policy Choice in the European Parliament

Nils Ringe

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199572557
eISBN:
9780191722431
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572557.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

How do individual legislators in the European Parliament (EP) make decisions? Despite a flourishing literature on the European Union's only directly elected institution, we know surprisingly little ... More


Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Frank Fischer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book examines the role of policy expertise in a democratic society. From the perspectives of both political theory and policy studies, the chapters explore the implications of deliberative ... More


Expert Evidence and Criminal Justice

Mike Redmayne

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198267805
eISBN:
9780191714856
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267805.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

As an increasing range of expert evidence becomes available to it, the criminal justice system must answer a series of challenging questions: should experts be permitted to give evidence on the ... More


Professionalism

Matthew Gill

in Accountants' Truth: Knowledge and Ethics in the Financial World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547142
eISBN:
9780191720017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547142.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter illustrates how accountants' conception of professionalism has been eroded both by the idea of the accountant as a technical expert, and by the competing imperative of commercialism in ... More


Who Decides, and How? Preferences, Uncertainty, and Policy Choice in the European Parliament

Nils Ringe

in Who Decides, and How?: Preferences, Uncertainty, and Policy Choice in the European Parliament

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199572557
eISBN:
9780191722431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572557.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Chapter 1 briefly introduces the book's core argument. When MEPs make decisions on issues outside their areas of expertise, they adopt the positions of their expert colleagues in the responsible ... More


New York: Elite Pragmatism and Managerialism

Vanessa Barker

in The Politics of Imprisonment: How the Democratic Process Shapes the Way America Punishes Offenders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195370027
eISBN:
9780199871315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370027.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter analyzes how New York's democratic process has been informed by a mix of pragmatism and elitism, a tension between providing for the public good and private self‐interest. In this ... More


Introduction

Frank Fischer

in Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This Introduction starts by discussing the purpose of looking at the role of policy expertise in a democratic society. It talks about the book's focus and the idea behind the book. The book, the ... More


Between Technical Knowledge and Public Responsibility: Professional Expertise in Critical Perspective

Frank Fischer

in Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter opens with an examination of the evolution of the professional orientation to public responsibilities, in particular civic engagement. The traditional commitments to serve the public are ... More


Citizens and Experts in Deliberative Democracy: From Theory to Experimentation

Frank Fischer

in Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines deliberative democratic theory and various deliberative experiments that can inform it. It illustrates how these efforts pose questions of expertise and complexity that have yet ... More


Technical Knowledge in Public Deliberation: Toward a Constructivist Theory of Contributory Expertise

Frank Fischer

in Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter turns to the difficult question of who should have the authority and legitimacy to speak about the technical dimensions of policy issues. Toward this end, the analysis engages the ... More


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