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Standardization and Expert Knowledge

Bengt Jacobsson

in A World of Standards

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199256952
eISBN:
9780191716508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256952.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

Standardization is closely related to expertise and is usually justified on the grounds that there are some people who know best. This chapter discusses the character of such expertise and its ... More


Introduction

Frank Fischer

in Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199282838
eISBN:
9780191712487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282838.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This Introduction starts by discussing the purpose of looking at the role of policy expertise in a democratic society. It talks about the book's focus and the idea behind the book. The book, the ... More


Religious Activities

Melanie M. Morey and John J. Piderit

in Catholic Higher Education: A Culture in Crisis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195305517
eISBN:
9780199784813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305515.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter examines the contributions of religious activities at Catholic colleges and universities to the Catholic culture on campuses, specifically liturgical life, service programs, and the ... More


The Dimensions of Expertise

Robin Fincham, James Fleck, Rob Procter, Harry Scarbrough, Margaret Tierney, and Robin Williams

in Expertise and Innovation: Information Technology Strategies in the Financial Services Sector

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289043
eISBN:
9780191684678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289043.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Knowledge Management

This chapter discusses the political and economic aspects of expertise and expert knowledge. It explores how knowledge is acquired, distributed, and valued in the financial services sector. It ... More


Orientations

Margaret Lock

in The Alzheimer Conundrum: Entanglements of Dementia and Aging

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149783
eISBN:
9781400848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149783.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This introductory chapter discusses the generation and transformation of expert knowledge and practices in connection with the phenomenon of Alzheimer disease (AD) in an era of increasing ... More


Citizen Wisdom

Paul Woodruff

in First Democracy: The Challenge of an Ancient Idea

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195304541
eISBN:
9780199850747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304541.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In Sophocles' play Antigone, the lesson learned by Creon was that “the people must be heard.” People share given abilities in a collective form and this is called citizen wisdom. The First Democracy ... More


Introduction

Mi-Kyoung Lee

in Epistemology after Protagoras: Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199262229
eISBN:
9780191602924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262225.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This book starts from the question: did skepticism only arise in the Hellenistic era? It is argued that skepticism was in the air even earlier in the classical period — not in the form of a ... More


The Battlefront

Gwen Ottinger

in Refining Expertise: How Responsible Engineers Subvert Environmental Justice Challenges

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814762370
eISBN:
9780814762394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814762370.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This book examines the case of New Sarpy, a small Louisiana town, and its dispute with a petroleum refinery over toxic chemicals that the latter released into the air, to demonstrate how experts ... More


Epistemology after Protagoras: Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus

Mi-Kyoung Lee

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199262229
eISBN:
9780191602924
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262225.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Relativism, the position that things are for each as they seem to each, was first formulated in Western philosophy by Protagoras, the 5th century BC Greek orator and teacher. This book focuses on the ... More


Affliction: Health, Disease, Poverty

Veena Das

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823261802
eISBN:
9780823268917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823261802.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book inaugurates a novel way of understanding the trajectories of health and disease in the context of poverty. Focusing on low-income neighborhoods in Delhi, it stitches together three ... More


From Deliberation to Dialogue

Gwen Ottinger

in Refining Expertise: How Responsible Engineers Subvert Environmental Justice Challenges

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814762370
eISBN:
9780814762394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814762370.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter examines the Concerned Citizens of New Sarpy's (CCNS) dispute with Orion Refining to illustrate how community–industry dialogue served as a venue for experts not only to demonstrate ... More


Introduction

in Behind the Development Banks: Washington Politics, World Poverty, and the Wealth of Nations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226033648
eISBN:
9780226033679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226033679.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The World Bank is the leading member of a group of organizations that are officially in the business of realizing the motto “Our dream is a world free of poverty.” The U.S. government is the banks' ... More


Men of a Thousand Hands

Graham M. Jones

in Trade of the Tricks: Inside the Magician's Craft

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520270466
eISBN:
9780520950528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270466.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This book examines the secretive subculture of modern magicians in France. It considers how people learn the art of illusion, in which expert knowledge is secret by definition, based on the author's ... More


‘The nuclear arms race is psychological at its roots’:1 physicians and their therapies for the Cold War

Claudia Kemper

in Understanding the Imaginary War: Culture, Thought and Nuclear Conflict, 1945-90

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781784994402
eISBN:
9781526115126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784994402.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

How did physicians feed the imagination of the Cold War? The example of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) clearly illustrates how medical expertise drew attention on ... More


Dogmas of Unity and Questions of Expertise

Nasser Zakariya

in A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Systematizers such as Auguste Comte, Robert Chambers, and Herbert Spencer established synthetic visions predicated on different ideological commitments to social and scientific unity. While promoting ... More


Power and Publicity in Modern Science

Mark B. Brown

in Science in Democracy: Expertise, Institutions, and Representation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013246
eISBN:
9780262258647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013246.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the role of science in contemporary democracy and the origins of early modern science. It explores how early modern science gave increased importance to creativity and control ... More


Science and Bad Debate

Michael S. Evans

in Seeking Good Debate: "Religion, Science, and Conflict in American Public Life"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520285071
eISBN:
9780520960664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285071.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter demonstrates that respondents' confidence in science depends on science remaining “faceless” in public life. Respondents largely endorse the public narrative of scientists as virtuous ... More


Noisome Neighbors

Gwen Ottinger

in Refining Expertise: How Responsible Engineers Subvert Environmental Justice Challenges

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814762370
eISBN:
9780814762394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814762370.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter examines the Concerned Citizens of New Sarpy's (CCNS) dispute with Orion Refining to illustrate how concerns for community image made previously contested expert knowledge seem ... More


Flow Restoration Methods

Angela H. Arthington

in Environmental Flows: Saving Rivers in the Third Millennium

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520273696
eISBN:
9780520953451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273696.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter presents broad principles that inform river restoration by means of adjustments to regulated flow regimes, and describes frameworks designed to cope with situations of limited technical ... More


Young people and their experience of place in the city

Teresa Strachan and Elisa Lopez-Capel

in Justice and Fairness in the City: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to 'Ordinary' Cities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447318385
eISBN:
9781447318408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447318385.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter explores the relationship that young people nurture for open spaces in their neighbourhoods and the value that they attribute to them on an everyday basis. Reflecting on the outputs from ... More


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