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Experimental Social Psychology, Broader Contexts, and the Politics of Multiculturalism

David O Sears

in The Political Psychology of Democratic Citizenship

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195335453
eISBN:
9780199893904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335453.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter contends that experimental social psychology — particularly that dealing with intergroup relations — is shaped by multicultural political sensibilities. Multiculturalism is based on the ... More


Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years

Pat Rabbitt (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228768
eISBN:
9780191696336
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228768.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Psychology is a comparatively young science. From its origins in the psychophysics laboratories of late-19th-century Germany, it made great strides throughout the 20th century, and can now be ... More


Alfred Binet and the Measurement of Intelligence

Ann Jefferson

in Genius in France: An Idea and Its Uses

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160658
eISBN:
9781400852598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160658.003.0015
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter discusses the measurement of genius in Alfred Binet's “measuring scale of intelligence,” which he devised and successively refined between 1905 and 1911 (the year he died). Here, the ... More


Concluding remarks

Adrian C. North and David J. Hargreaves

in The Social and Applied Psychology of Music

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198567424
eISBN:
9780191693656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567424.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Through its emphasis on experimental cognitive psychology and approach to classical music as ‘high art’, the old 1980s paradigm for music psychology failed to point out the social, emotional, and ... More


The Science of False Memory

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book encompasses and weaves together the common threads of the four major topics that comprise the core of false memory research: theories of false memory, adult experimental psychology of false ... More


Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

R. Duncan Luce

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

The author of this book is a distinguished experimental psychologist. This book provides a clear, well-balanced, and comprehensive treatment of the mathematical theory of human response time and the ... More


Experimenter Expectancy

Robert Rosenthal

in Artifacts in Behavioral Research: Robert Rosenthal and Ralph L. Rosnow's Classic Books

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195385540
eISBN:
9780199869824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385540.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses another “attribute” highly dependent on the specific experiment being conducted—the expectancy the experimenter has of how his subjects will respond. The particular expectation ... More


The Possibility of Co‐Operation: Lessons from Experimental Social Psychology

Jean‐Marie Baland and Jean‐Philippe Platteau

in Halting Degradation of Natural Resources: Is There a Role for Rural Communities?

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198290612
eISBN:
9780191601613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290616.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The findings on non-cooperative game theory from the previous chapters are analysed within context of social experimental psychology. It covers cooperation in repeated games, cooperation in game with ... More


Conclusion

Christopher I. Beckwith

in Warriors of the Cloisters: The Central Asian Origins of Science in the Medieval World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155319
eISBN:
9781400845170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155319.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter raises three objections about the development of a full scientific culture and examines the modern descendants of the recursive argument method. It suggests that colleges and the ... More


The Origins of Human-tech

Alex Kirlik

in Human-Tech: Ethical and Scientific Foundations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199765140
eISBN:
9780199863358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765140.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter reviews research on human-tech. This book's author began his research career in the discipline of human factors engineering in the mid 1980s. This was an era of increasing ... More


Thought Experiments

Roy A. Sorensen

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195129137
eISBN:
9780199786138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512913X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Can merely thinking about an imaginary situation provide evidence for how the world actually is — or how it ought to be? This book addresses this question with an analysis of a wide variety of ... More


Frontiers of Consciousness: Chichele Lectures

Lawrence Weiskrantz and Martin Davies (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233151
eISBN:
9780191696596
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233151.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In recent years consciousness has become a significant area of study in the cognitive sciences. This book is an interdisciplinary exploration of consciousness. The book stems from the Chichele ... More


The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Naoyuki Osaka, Robert H. Logie, and Mark D'Esposito (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Working memory has been one of the most intensively studied systems in cognitive psychology. It is only relatively recently however that researchers have been able to study the neural processes which ... More


Perception and Language

E. Brian Davies

in Science in the Looking Glass: What Do Scientists Really Know?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199219186
eISBN:
9780191711695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219186.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter examines the evidence that almost everything relating to human knowledge is more problematical that we normally admit. It starts with a review of recent work in experimental psychology, ... More


Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention

Charles Spence and Jon Driver (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524861
eISBN:
9780191689260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524861.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Many organisms possess multiple sensory systems, such as vision, hearing, touch, smell, and taste. The possession of such multiple ways of sensing the world offers many benefits. These benefits arise ... More


The Problem of Other Minds and the Fin de Siècle World

Meghan Marie Hammond

in Empathy and the Psychology of Literary Modernism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780748690985
eISBN:
9781474406376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748690985.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The introductory chapter, “The Problem of Other Minds and the Fin de Siècle World,” sketches the conceptual development of fellow feeling in the years just before literary modernism emerged. In the ... More


Selective Attention, Priming, and Foraging Behavior

Alan C. Kamil and Alan B. Bond

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the results of experiments that investigated animal cognition in an integrative fashion by combining the methodology and ... More


On special abilities

Dina Kirnarskaya

in The Natural Musician: On abilities, giftedness, and talent

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199560134
eISBN:
9780191701795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560134.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Five qualities — abilities, giftedness, talent, intelligence, and creativity — are attributes that together determine success in life. The very idea of talent, its status as a rare gift, has long ... More


Explaining Looks

Austen Clark

in Sensory Qualities

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236801
eISBN:
9780191679360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236801.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In 1824, the French chemist M. E. Chevreul travelled to the Gobelin tapestry works to respond to complaints of the weavers that some of the dyes were inferior, and rapidly faded or changed in hue ... More


Character

Anthony Rudd

in Self, Value, and Narrative: A Kierkegaardian Approach

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199660049
eISBN:
9780191744976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660049.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

What is it for a self to have a character (i.e. a fairly stable and distinctive personality)? This chapter gives a phenomenological account (also drawing on Wittgenstein) of how we experience people ... More


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