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Experimental Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter deals with experimental philosophy, as represented in Gilbert on magnetism, Hobbes on the air pump, and Newton on the production of the spectrum. It is shown that experimental philosophy ... More


Philosophy without Intuitions

Herman Cappelen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644865
eISBN:
9780191739026
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644865.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The claim that contemporary analytic philosophers rely extensively on intuitions as evidence is almost universally accepted in current meta-philosophical debates and it figures prominently in our ... More


Robert Boyle and the Study of Nature

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238811
eISBN:
9780191716492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238811.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Robert Boyle was the chief apologist of the 17th century for the corpuscularian or mechanical philosophy. He was also a pious, though doubting and tormented Christian, and his adoption of a ... More


From Experimental Philosophy to Empiricism

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

The chapter explores the development of the thought of John Locke. It begins with his early medical concerns, showing how these became connected with the issue of the standing of ‘experimental ... More


A Big Mistake: Experimental Philosophy

Herman Cappelen

in Philosophy without Intuitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644865
eISBN:
9780191739026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644865.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Experimental philosophers are right in thinking that if philosophers rely on intuitions as evidence, then we should attempt to find out whether philosophers’ intuitions are reliable, widely shared ... More


Knowledge, Experiments, and Practical Interests

Ángel Pinillos

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter describes some new experimental techniques and results that shed light on our ordinary use of ‘knowledge’. The results presented can be elegantly explained by adopting an interest ... More


Experiments, Intuitions, and Methodology in Moral and Political Theory 1

David Copp

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653492
eISBN:
9780191741661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653492.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral and political philosophers commonly appeal to moral “intuitions” at crucial points in their reasoning. This chapter considers recent challenges to this practice—here referred to as “the ... More


Hume's ‘Fork’: Scepticism and Natural Religion

Ben Brice

in Coleridge and Scepticism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199290253
eISBN:
9780191710483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290253.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

David Hume was brought up as a Calvinist, and studied Newtonian physics and methodology at Edinburgh University and beyond. In An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1748) and his posthumously ... More


Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Stephen Stich

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This volume collects the best and most influential work on knowledge, rationality, and morality that Stephen Stich has published in the last forty years. All of the chapters here are concerned, in ... More


Criminal Law, Philosophy, and Psychology: Working at the Crossroads

Thomas Nadelhoffer

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Law: Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606443
eISBN:
9780191729683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606443.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the relevance of recent developments in experimental philosophy and social psychology to fundamental issues that arise in the criminal law — especially when it comes to the ... More


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