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Experimental Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter deals with experimental philosophy, as represented in Gilbert on magnetism, Hobbes on the air pump, and Newton on the production of the spectrum. It is shown that experimental philosophy ... More


Philosophy without Intuitions

Herman Cappelen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644865
eISBN:
9780191739026
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644865.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The claim that contemporary analytic philosophers rely extensively on intuitions as evidence is almost universally accepted in current meta-philosophical debates and it figures prominently in our ... More


Robert Boyle and the Study of Nature

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238811
eISBN:
9780191716492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238811.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Robert Boyle was the chief apologist of the 17th century for the corpuscularian or mechanical philosophy. He was also a pious, though doubting and tormented Christian, and his adoption of a ... More


From Experimental Philosophy to Empiricism

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

The chapter explores the development of the thought of John Locke. It begins with his early medical concerns, showing how these became connected with the issue of the standing of ‘experimental ... More


A Big Mistake: Experimental Philosophy

Herman Cappelen

in Philosophy without Intuitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644865
eISBN:
9780191739026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644865.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Experimental philosophers are right in thinking that if philosophers rely on intuitions as evidence, then we should attempt to find out whether philosophers’ intuitions are reliable, widely shared ... More


Knowledge, Experiments, and Practical Interests

Ángel Pinillos

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter describes some new experimental techniques and results that shed light on our ordinary use of ‘knowledge’. The results presented can be elegantly explained by adopting an interest ... More


Experiments, Intuitions, and Methodology in Moral and Political Theory 1

David Copp

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653492
eISBN:
9780191741661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653492.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral and political philosophers commonly appeal to moral “intuitions” at crucial points in their reasoning. This chapter considers recent challenges to this practice—here referred to as “the ... More


Hume's ‘Fork’: Scepticism and Natural Religion

Ben Brice

in Coleridge and Scepticism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199290253
eISBN:
9780191710483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290253.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

David Hume was brought up as a Calvinist, and studied Newtonian physics and methodology at Edinburgh University and beyond. In An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1748) and his posthumously ... More


Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Stephen Stich

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This volume collects the best and most influential work on knowledge, rationality, and morality that Stephen Stich has published in the last forty years. All of the chapters here are concerned, in ... More


Criminal Law, Philosophy, and Psychology: Working at the Crossroads

Thomas Nadelhoffer

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Law: Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606443
eISBN:
9780191729683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606443.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the relevance of recent developments in experimental philosophy and social psychology to fundamental issues that arise in the criminal law — especially when it comes to the ... More


The Making of a Virtuoso

Ted McCormick

in William Petty: And the Ambitions of Political Arithmetic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547890
eISBN:
9780191720529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547890.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

This chapter explores Petty's work with Samuel Hartlib and others in London and his medical and academic career at Oxford and Gresham College. Drawing on extensive material from the Hartlib Papers, ... More


Of Liberty and Necessity: The Free Will Debate in Eighteenth-Century British Philosophy

James A. Harris

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199268603
eISBN:
9780191603136
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199268606.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book presents the first detailed account of the discussion of the free will problem in British philosophy in the ‘long’ eighteenth century, beginning with Locke and ending with Dugald Stewart. ... More


Intuitions in Philosophy: Overview and Taxonomy

Herman Cappelen

in Philosophy without Intuitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199644865
eISBN:
9780191739026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644865.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The claim that contemporary analytic philosophers rely on intuitions as evidence (Centrality) is widely accepted both in philosophical methodology or metaphilosophy and philosophy at large. This ... More


Natural philosophy and the aims of the Essay

Peter R. Anstey

in John Locke and Natural Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199589777
eISBN:
9780191725487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589777.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter challenges the claim that Locke's aim in writing the Essay was to defend or support mechanical philosophy. The chapter argues, instead, that Locke's stated aims have little to do with ... More


Sentimentalism Today

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores potential implications of eighteenth-century sentimentalism for both academic research and public policy in the twenty-first century. It begins with the many potential ... More


Discussing Chemistry and Steam: The Minutes of a Coffee House Philosophical Society 1780-1787

Trevor H. Levere and Gerard L'E Turner (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198515302
eISBN:
9780191705694
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515302.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This book contains an edition of the Minutes of the Coffee House Philosophical Society 1780-1787, as transcribed by William Nicholson, the secretary to the society. The 1780s were exciting years for ... More


Social Functions of Knowledge Attributions

James R. Beebe

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Drawing upon work in experimental philosophy and evolutionary game theory, the chapter argues that one of the roles the concept of knowledge plays in our social cognitive ecology is that of enabling ... More


 Virtues and the Scientific Revolution

Rose‐Mary Sargent

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195172256
eISBN:
9780199835546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172256.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Experimental philosophers of 17th-century England recognized a complex relationship between scientific values and civic virtues. Francis Bacon, motivated by his desire to promote the common good by ... More


The A Priori in Philosophy

Albert Casullo and Joshua C. Thurow (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199695331
eISBN:
9780191758218
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695331.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapters in this volume aim to advance the discussion of the role of the a priori in philosophy by addressing four sets of issues. The first is whether intuitions provide evidence for ... More


Conclusion

Peter R. Anstey

in John Locke and Natural Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199589777
eISBN:
9780191725487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589777.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter claims that the main theses of the book concerning Locke's commitment to the Experimental Philosophy are an important corrective to some interpretative trends in the secondary literature ... More


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