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Quasi-Experimental Research Designs

Bruce A. Thyer

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195387384
eISBN:
9780199932085
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387384.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Quasi-experimental research designs are the most widely used research approach employed to evaluate the outcomes of social work programs and policies. This new volume describes the logic, design, and ... More


Detecting, Classifying, and Remediating: Children’s Explicit and Implicit Misconceptions about Experimental Design

Stephanie A. Siler and David Klahr

in Psychology of Science: Implicit and Explicit Processes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199753628
eISBN:
9780199950027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753628.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

Students come to science classes with preconceptions about the natural world and ways to explore that world to learn more about it. Students' prior beliefs may distort their understanding of how to ... More


 Money and the Norms of Science

David B. Resnik

in The Price of Truth: How Money Affects the Norms of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195309782
eISBN:
9780199871285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309782.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the various ways that money can interfere with scientific norms. Problems can occur when financial interests intrude into experimental design, data analysis and interpretation, ... More


Ethics and Research Methodology

Peter Lyons and Howard J. Doueck

in The Dissertation: From Beginning to End

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373912
eISBN:
9780199865604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373912.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes ethical issues in social research including discussion of the NASW Code of Ethics, Institutional Review Board (IRB) processes, and requirements for the protection of human ... More


Introduction

Phyllis Solomon, Mary M. Cavanaugh, and Jeffrey Draine

in Randomized Controlled Trials: Design and Implementation for Community-Based Psychosocial Interventions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333190
eISBN:
9780199864317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333190.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are considered the gold standard of scientific evidence when determining the effectiveness of policy and practice interventions. In order to understand the basis ... More


How to run a placebo study: A closer look into complex experimental designs

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

To study a placebo effect requires specific designs that cannot be performed in the classic clinical trial setting. Complex experimental designs are particularly necessary when one wants to ... More


The conservation biologist's toolbox – principles for the design and analysis of conservation studies

Corey J. A. Bradshaw and Barry W. Brook

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, Corey J. A. Bradshaw and Barry W. Brook, discuss measures of biodiversity patterns followed by an overview of experimental design and associated statistical paradigms. Conservation ... More


Pre-Experimental Research Designs

Bruce A Thyer

in Quasi-Experimental Research Designs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195387384
eISBN:
9780199932085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387384.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The simplest of the group research designs involve the assessment of the functioning of a single group of persons who receive social work services. These methods are called pre-experimental designs. ... More


Stated‐Preference Methods for Valuing Environmental Amenities

Wiktor L. Adamowicz, Peter C. Boxall, Jordan J. Louviere, Joffre Swait, and Michael Williams

in Valuing Environmental Preferences: Theory and Practice of the Contingent Valuation Method in the US, EU , and developing Countries

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248919
eISBN:
9780191595950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248915.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The stated preference (SP) approach allows the individual features or attributes that make up a good to be valued. Experimental design to array attributes and attribute levels into choice sets is ... More


Lessons for Experimental Design

Ignacio Palacios-Huerta

in Beautiful Game Theory: How Soccer Can Help Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144023
eISBN:
9781400850310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144023.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Chapter 2 showed that when the exact question being asked is mirrored in a laboratory experiment and the population being studied is the same as in the field, the outcomes from the experiment can be ... More


Absolute Identification of More Than Two Signals

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses major reaction-time results for experimental designs with more than two signals. Topics covered include impact of number of signals; sequential effects; and experiments with ... More


Quasi-Experimental Group Designs

Bruce A Thyer

in Quasi-Experimental Research Designs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195387384
eISBN:
9780199932085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387384.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The quasi-experimental designs compare the outcomes of social work for a group of clients who receive a novel intervention that is the focus on investigation, against the outcomes observed by a ... More


Evaluating interventions: experimental study designs in health promotion

Annie Britton

in Evaluating Health Promotion: Practice and Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199569298
eISBN:
9780191594427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569298.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

An experimental study is the standard method for evaluating the effectiveness of a health or medical intervention. In such a study, a group of people will be exposed to an intervention and then ... More


Measurement and design for life course studies of individual differences and development

Jane Costello and Adrian Angold

in Epidemiological Methods in Life Course Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528487
eISBN:
9780191723940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528487.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews methods for studying individual differences across the life course. It starts from the position that even when a life course study is basically observational or descriptive, ... More


Challenges and Opportunities for Teaching and Designing Effective K–12 Evolution Curricula: Fostering Change in Evolutionary Conceptions and in Epistemic Practices

Paul M. Beardsley, Mark V. Bloom, and Sarah B. Wise

in Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199730421
eISBN:
9780199949557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730421.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes studies (up to 2009) on approaches to teaching evolution that provide evidence of effectiveness for teaching about evolution. Few studies exist at the elementary and middle ... More


Statistics and Scientific Method: An Introduction for Students and Researchers

Peter J. Diggle and Amanda G. Chetwynd

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199543182
eISBN:
9780191774867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543182.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

An antidote to technique-oriented service courses, this book studiously avoids the recipe-book style and keeps algebraic details of specific statistical methods to the minimum extent necessary to ... More


Postscript and prospects

Anne E. Magurran

in Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This concluding chapter draws together the main themes of the book before summarizing the legacy of the pioneer guppy researchers. It identifies some areas where research is likely to be directed in ... More


Empiricism and Scientific Methodology

Bas C. van Fraassen

in The Scientific Image

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244271
eISBN:
9780191597473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244274.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Scientific theories do much more than answer empirical questions. This can be understood along empiricist lines only if those other aspects are instrumental for the pursuit of empirical strength and ... More


Realism: Minimal and Robust

J. D. Trout

in Measuring the Intentional World: Realism, Naturalism, and Quantitative Methods in the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195107661
eISBN:
9780199786152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195107667.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The sort of realism supported by statistical principles and experimental design is a thin one. Populations or their members have a real value independent of attempts to measure them, and independent ... More


Causality, theories and medicine

R. Paul Thompson

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are pervasive in clinical medical research, which stands in stark contrast to other sciences such as physics, chemistry and biology. Most clinical researchers that ... More


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