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Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Patrick Dattalo

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Random sampling (RS) and random assignment (RA) are considered by many researchers to be the definitive methodological procedures for maximizing external and internal validity. However, there is a ... More


Doing without Concepts

Edouard Machery

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306880
eISBN:
9780199867950
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306880.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Over recent years, the psychology of concepts has been rejuvenated by new work on prototypes, inventive ideas on causal cognition, the development of neo-empiricist theories of concepts, and the ... More


The Graceful Guru: Hindu Female Gurus in India and the United States

Karen Pechilis

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195145380
eISBN:
9780199849963
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145380.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

A distinctive aspect of Hindu devotion is the veneration of a human guru, who is not only an exemplar and a teacher, but is often worshipped as an embodiment of the divine. In the past these gurus ... More


Religious Activities

Melanie M. Morey and John J. Piderit

in Catholic Higher Education: A Culture in Crisis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195305517
eISBN:
9780199784813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305515.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter examines the contributions of religious activities at Catholic colleges and universities to the Catholic culture on campuses, specifically liturgical life, service programs, and the ... More


Principled Guidance

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality is a practical matter that concerns choice and action, and a sound moral outlook should be capable of motivating someone to act virtuously. Hence, it is reasonable to expect that moral ... More


Art, Self and Knowledge

Keith Lehrer

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195304985
eISBN:
9780199918164
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304985.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, General

Art changes the totality of human experience as Dewey emphasized. Goodman and Heidegger propose that art reveals a special contribution to the world-making experience of the artist and the receivers ... More


Learning Confucianism through Filial Sons, Loyal Retainers, and Chaste Wives

Keith N. Knapp

in Teaching Confucianism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195311600
eISBN:
9780199870707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311600.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter provides instructors with a means of introducing an alternate and more popular side of Confucianism: stories and images of historical men and women whose actions embodied the Ru ... More


Introduction

Keith Lehrer

in Art, Self and Knowledge

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195304985
eISBN:
9780199918164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304985.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, General

The introduction concerns the role of art in human experience. That role is explained in terms of how sensory consciousness of an artwork provides us with an exemplar of experience used to exhibit ... More


Item-specific knowledge and generalizations

Adele Goldberg

in Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalization in Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199268511
eISBN:
9780191708428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268511.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Language contains both large generalizations and idiosyncratic facts, and therefore we unavoidably find those who favour lumping and those who favour splitting. The constructionist approach to ... More


GOD BLESS AMERICA

Dan P. McAdams

in The Redemptive Self: Stories Americans Live By

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176933
eISBN:
9780199786787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176933.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Drawing from empirical research on the psychology and sociology of religion and from historical analyses of American religious life, this chapter describes how religiosity among Americans is ... More


Agents and Frameworks

José Ferreirós

in Mathematical Knowledge and the Interplay of Practices

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167510
eISBN:
9781400874002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167510.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter introduces a “core scheme” for the analysis of mathematical practices that can be presented in a simplified way by means of a couple dubbed Framework–Agent. Mathematics in practice will ... More


Models for category learning

W. K. Estes

in Classification and Cognition

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195073355
eISBN:
9780199867899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073355.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the exemplar-similarity model, which is useful for making predictions about categorization assuming that the current state of an individual's memory is known, ... More


Categorization and memory processing

W. K. Estes

in Classification and Cognition

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195073355
eISBN:
9780199867899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073355.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The models for category learning discussed in the preceding chapters have been developed largely in conjunction with a standard experimental design in which a subject classifies category exemplars ... More


Extensions and new applications of the exemplar-similarity model

W. K. Estes

in Classification and Cognition

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195073355
eISBN:
9780199867899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073355.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the processing assumptions of the array-similarity model for categorization, and revises the formulation discussed in Chapters 2-5 by allowing for varying degrees of similarity ... More


John Calvin: The Sufficiency of David

G. Sujin Pak

in The Judaizing Calvin: Sixteenth-Century Debates over the Messianic Psalms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195371925
eISBN:
9780199870981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371925.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter 4 demonstrates that Calvin departs from the antecedent Christian tradition, Luther and Bucer's christological readings of these eight messianic Psalms, and instead reads them in reference to ... More


Aggadic Transformations of Non‐Legal Pentateuchal Traditions

Michael Fishbane

in Biblical Interpretation in Ancient Israel

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198266990
eISBN:
9780191600593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198266995.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Takes up the topic of the aggadic transformation of non‐legal pentateuchal traditions. In this category are such matters as the theological treatment of topics in the Genesis narratives (e.g. the ... More


Mechanistic models of associative and rule-based category learning

Bradley C. Love and Marc Tomlinson

in The Making of Human Concepts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.003.04
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the relative merits of a variety of category learning models. These include rule-based models, prototype-based models, exemplar-based models, hybrid models, and multiple systems ... More


Heroes

Douglas V. Porpora

in Landscapes of the Soul: The Loss of Moral Meaning in American Life

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134919
eISBN:
9780199834563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134915.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Heroes are moral exemplars of the good who engage our moral passion. We seek to stand by and with our heroes because we form a personal identification with their moral cause. The empirical ... More


Resolving pattern conflict: Variation and selection in phonology and morphology

Andrew Wedel

in Analogy in Grammar: Form and Acquisition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547548
eISBN:
9780191720628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547548.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Computational Linguistics

In a feedback-driven model of language change, conflict between patterns at distinct levels of linguistic organization can be understood as a form of multi-level selection. Simulations of conflicts ... More


Expanding Analogical Modeling into a general theory of language prediction

Royal Skousen

in Analogy in Grammar: Form and Acquisition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547548
eISBN:
9780191720628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547548.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Computational Linguistics

In Analogical Modeling, language prediction is closely determined by the specific variables used. The kinds of structures that must be dealt with in a full theory of analogical prediction include ... More


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