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Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Samir Okasha

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Does natural selection act primarily on individual organisms, on groups, on genes, or on whole species? This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the long-standing controversy in evolutionary ... More


Levels of Selection and the Major Evolutionary Transitions

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter looks at the ‘major evolutionary transitions’, in particular the idea that multi-level selection theory is crucial for understanding them. These transitions occur when a number of ... More


Biological Ontology and Hierarchical Organization: A Defense of Rank Freedom

Samir Okasha

in The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015240
eISBN:
9780262295703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015240.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents a displacement of the organism as a privileged level of analysis in evolutionary biology. It is concerned with the ontology of biology systems, with particular reference to ... More


Conflicts among Levels of Selection as Fuel for the Evolution of Individuality

Paul B. Rainey and Benjamin Kerr

in The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015240
eISBN:
9780262295703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015240.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes the evolutionary transition from single cells to multicellular individuals. It shows that in multicellular organisms, individuality is ultimately a property of individual cells ... More


Molecular mechanisms of life history trade-offs and the evolution of multicellular complexity in volvocalean green algae

Aurora M. Nedelcu and Richard E. Michod

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Although life history trade-offs are recognized as central to life history evolution, the mechanisms underlying trade-offs are not well understood. Life history trade-offs gain unique significance ... More


Revisiting the Phenotypic Hierarchy in Hierarchy Theory

Silvia Caianiello

in Evolutionary Theory: A Hierarchical Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226426051
eISBN:
9780226426198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426198.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The hierarchy theory at its onset was primarily committed to vindicate the distinctness of macro-evolutionary phenomena from micro-evolutionary processes, minimizing the explanatory relevance of ... More


Multilevel Selection and Major Transitions

David Sloan Wilson

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter reviews the debate on group selection, a concept that has experienced vertiginous ups and downs since the 1960s, and brings it up to modern standards within the broader context of ... More


Collective Individuals: Parallels Between Joint Action and Biological Individuality

Cédric Paternotte

in Individuals Across the Sciences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780199382514
eISBN:
9780199382538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199382514.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There exist many definitions of human joint action. However, they do not agree and are not directly reducible to each other. This multiplicity is due to a lack of constraints on them. This chapter ... More


Darwinian Populations and Natural Selection

Peter Godfrey-Smith

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199552047
eISBN:
9780191810350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199552047.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In 1859 Charles Darwin described a deceptively simple mechanism that he called “natural selection,” a combination of variation, inheritance, and reproductive success. He argued that this mechanism ... More


Phylogenetic, Functional, and Geological Perspectives on Complex Multicellularity

Andrew H. Knoll and David Hewitt

in The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015240
eISBN:
9780262295703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015240.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter develops a subtle model that integrates environmental and internal factors. It describes the phylogenetic distribution of multicellular organisms in general and complex multicellular ... More


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