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Introduction

Maureen McKelvey and Magnus Holmén

in Flexibility and Stability in the Innovating Economy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290475
eISBN:
9780191603495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290474.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This introductory chapter discusses the book’s focus on the nature of industrial dynamics, structural change, and transformation in our time. The aim is to understand, conceptualize, and explain what ... More


Introduction

Michael Doebeli

in Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This introductory chapter provides an overview of frequency-dependent selection—the phenomenon that the evolving population is part of the changing environment determining the evolutionary ... More


Cultural niche construction: evolution's cradle of language *

John Odling‐Smee and Kevin N. Laland

in The Prehistory of Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199545872
eISBN:
9780191720369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545872.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Standard evolutionary theory is highly successful, based as it is on solid mathematical foundations and a rich empirical tradition, constantly renewed by exchanges of hypotheses and data among ... More


Immune responses and the evolution of resistance

Jacob Koella

in Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the evolution of immune function. It emphasizes two points. First, the immune system is complex, with many responses that may act together or inhibit each other to determine ... More


Evolutionary Processes and Regional Practices

Philip Cooke and Kevin Morgan

in The Associational Economy: Firms, Regions, and Innovation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290186
eISBN:
9780191684784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290186.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Political Economy

This chapter seeks both to chart the evolutionary processes of economic restructuring and change at the regional level and to offer the outline of a mode of civic, political, and economic action ... More


Evolution and the Dynamics of Technological Change

Joel Mokyr

in The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074772
eISBN:
9780199854981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074772.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses at the dynamics of technological change. It specifically asks whether technological change occurs in leaps and bounds, or whether it takes place gradually and continuously. The ... More


Evolutionary Processes Explaining the Genetic Variance in Personality: An Exploration of Scenarios

Steven W. Gangestad

in The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter has two major aims. First, to describe the primary scenarios under which genetic variation in phenotypic individual differences is maintained, and illustrate how they have been or could ... More


Evolutionary Forensic Psychology: Darwinian Foundations of Crime and Law

Joshua Duntley and Todd K. Shackelford (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325188
eISBN:
9780199893805
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325188.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The field of forensic psychology explores the intersection of psychology and the law. The purpose of this book is to examine topics in the field, using the powerful, multidisciplinary, conceptually ... More


On the Nature of Emergent Reality

George F. R. Ellis

in The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis from Science to Religion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199544318
eISBN:
9780191701351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544318.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter outlines a view of emergent reality in which it is clear that non-physical quantities such as information and goals can have physical effect in the world of particles and forces. It ... More


Evolutionary Forensic Psychology

Todd K. Shackelford and Joshua D. Duntley

in Evolutionary Forensic Psychology: Darwinian Foundations of Crime and Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325188
eISBN:
9780199893805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325188.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter focuses on the significance of evolutionary forensic psychology. Several sources of conflict between individuals have been recurrent over human evolutionary history. Understanding the ... More


Epilogue: Beyond Social Science

Carl N. Degler

in In Search of Human Nature: The Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195077070
eISBN:
9780199853991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195077070.003.0014
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter suggests that Charles Darwin's evolutionary theory will continue to dominate future studies of human behavior. Despite criticisms on the Darwinian Imperative and the problems in placing ... More


Origination Patterns and Multilevel Processes in Macroevolution

David Jablonski

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter deals with the large-scale evolutionary processes underlying patterns of phenotypic innovation. It describes the origin of evolutionary novelties, specifically their nonrandom origins in ... More


Is biodiversity maintained by food-web complexity?—the adaptive food-web hypothesis

Michio Kondoh

in Aquatic Food Webs: An ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198564836
eISBN:
9780191713828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198564836.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

How do diverse species coexist in the complex networks of prey-predator interactions in nature? While most theoretical models predict that complex food webs do not persist, recent empirical studies ... More


Introduction

Rama S. Singh, Jianping Xu, and Rob J. Kulathinal

in Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Evolutionary rates not only reflect the tempo at which genotypes, phenotypes, and species lineages are transformed over time but also offer valuable insight into the evolutionary processes involved ... More


Biology, Evolution, and Organizations:: Promises and Challenges in Building the Foundations

Glenn R. Carroll and Kieran O’Connor

in The Biological Foundations of Organizational Behavior

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226127156
eISBN:
9780226127293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226127293.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This concluding chapter provides a synthetic review of the research program on biology and organizational behavior laid out in the book. Taking a broad view, the chapter suggests that the book ... More


Taxic Paleobiology and the Pursuit of a Unified Evolutionary Theory

Todd A. Grantham

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter examines the emergence of taxic paleobiology during the early 1980s, which was advocated by its proponents as a solution to the problem of independent levels of selection within the ... More


Evolutionary Models of Migration in Human Prehistory and Their Anthropological Significance

Keith L. Hunley

in Rethinking Anthropological Perspectives on Migration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813036076
eISBN:
9780813041780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036076.003.0016
Subject:
Society and Culture, Social Groups

There is a longstanding debate among geneticists about the relative importance of large-scale migrations following founder effects (SFE) vs. migration between local demes, i.e., gene flow (GF), in ... More


The study of evolutionary parasitology

Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199229482
eISBN:
9780191774744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229482.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the basics and foundations of the ideas and concepts that form evolutionary parasitology. It takes a look at the evolutionary process and how it applies to parasites in ... More


Innovation in Cultural Systems: Contributions from Evolutionary Anthropology

Michael J. O'Brien and Stephen J. Shennan (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013338
eISBN:
9780262259101
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013338.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

In recent years an interest in applying the principles of evolution to the study of culture emerged in the social sciences. Archaeologists and anthropologists reconsidered the role of innovation in ... More


Evolutionary Global Politics*

George Modelski

in THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY YEARBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND JURISPRUDENCE: Global Trends: Law, Policy & Justice Essays in Honour of Professor Giuliana Ziccardi Capaldo

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199332304
eISBN:
9780190259815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199332304.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Debates and research on the experience of world powers such as Britain or the United States have focused on two questions: why in the modern world do some states acquire a position of global ... More


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