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The Making of Human Concepts

Denis Mareschal, Paul C. Quinn, and Stephen E.G. Lea (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Human adults appear different from other animals in their ability to form abstract mental representations that go beyond perceptual similarity. In short, they can conceptualize the world. When and ... More


The History in Evolution

John Alcock

in An Enthusiasm for Orchids: Sex and Deception in Plant Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182743
eISBN:
9780199790005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182743.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the way in which evolutionary biologists accomplish the goal of uncovering evolutionary history through the comparative method. This method is contrasted with that of the ... More


The ABC Model in Evolution

Beverley J. Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Flower development operates through the activities of a set of transcription factors regulating the structural genes necessary for correct organ development in the correct position. The majority of ... More


Evolution

Andrew N. Iwaniuk

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses the evolution of the laboratory rat from the origins of rodents in general to the speciation of the genus Rattus. It provides a summary of the evolutionary events leading to R. ... More


Mind the Gap; or Why Humans are Not Just Great Apes: JOINT BRITISH ACADEMY/BRITISH PSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL LECTURE

R. I. M. DUNBAR

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 154, 2007 Lectures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264355
eISBN:
9780191734052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264355.003.0015
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture presents the text of the speech about humans and apes delivered by the author at the 2007 Joint British Academy/British Psychological Society Annual Lecture held at the British Academy. ... More


Taxonomy, Phylogenetics, and Evolution

Philip S. Ward

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

As the most species‐rich and biologically eclectic of all social insects, ants present considerable challenges to the process of cataloguing and understanding their remarkable diversity. Substantial ... More


Evolution of Oxygenic Photosynthesis

Donald Eugene Canfield

in Oxygen: A Four Billion Year History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145020
eISBN:
9781400849888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145020.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the evolution of oxygen-producing organisms by considering the evolution and assembly of its basic constituent parts. It focuses on the following key questions: (1) What is the ... More


The expansion of selection theory

Henry Plotkin

in Evolutionary Worlds without End

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199544950
eISBN:
9780191594366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544950.003.003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

The extraordinary power of explanation of evolutionary theory is considered; so too is the rise of genetics and the near death of Darwinism; then the revival of Darwinian theory in the form of the ... More


The Evolutionary History and a Systematic Revision of Woodrats of the Neotoma lepida Group

James Patton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098664
eISBN:
9780520942592
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098664.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book details the evolutionary history of the desert woodrat complex (lepida group, genus Neotoma) of western North America. The analyses include standard multivariate morphometrics of museum ... More


Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca

Winston Ponder (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520250925
eISBN:
9780520933705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520250925.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book brings together thirty-six experts on the evolution of the Mollusca to provide an up-to-date review of its evolutionary history. The Mollusca are the second largest animal phylum and boast ... More


Other Inductive Arguments

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Six C-inductive arguments for and against the existence of God are critically discussed in this chapter: the Argument from Consciousness, the Argument from Moral Truth, the Argument from Moral ... More


The Recognition of Rotated Objects in Animals

Jessie J. Peissig and Tamara Goode

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews studies of rotation, both planar and rotation in depth, in animals. Although the current research has yielded many interesting findings, a complete picture of how animals, both ... More


How Can We Reconstruct Evolutionary History?

Michel Laurin

in How Vertebrates Left the Water

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266476
eISBN:
9780520947986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266476.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter attempts to reconstruct evolutionary history. Inferring phylogenetic relationships between taxa and character evolution requires relatively sophisticated methods. The chapter describes ... More


Diversity of a Form

Wade C. Sherbrooke

in Introduction to Horned Lizards of North America

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520228252
eISBN:
9780520926752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520228252.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter focuses on the characteristics, evolutionary history, and historical distribution of horned lizards. It discusses adaptive radiation, an evolutionary process that enabled horned lizards ... More


Historical Perspective

Eric R. Pianka and Laurie J. Vitt

in Lizards: Windows to the Evolution of Diversity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234017
eISBN:
9780520939912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234017.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter focuses on the evolutionary history of lizards. It first examines aspects of the fossil record and then reviews the morphological, behavioral, physiological, and ecological aspects of ... More


Evolutionary Biology as a Historical Science

Jonathan B. Losos

in Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255913
eISBN:
9780520943735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255913.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the role of evolutionary biology as a historical science, and attempts to understand how and why evolutionary diversification has occurred. It is important to know what ... More


Using Phylogenetic Information to Make Better Conservation Decisions

Marc W. Cadotte and T. Jonathan Davies

in Phylogenies in Ecology: A Guide to Concepts and Methods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691157689
eISBN:
9781400881192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157689.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explains how phylogenetic information can be used to make better conservation decisions. Evidence shows that human-caused climate change is likely to be the dominant cause of extinction ... More


Economics, Sex, and the Emergence of Society: A Dynamic Life History Model of Cultural Variation

Douglas T. Kenrick and Luis Gomez-Jacinto

in Advances in Culture and Psychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199336715
eISBN:
9780190255794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199336715.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Cultural variations in social norms have sometimes been taken as evidence against evolved universal predispositions. This chapter discusses several cultural variations—including male competitiveness, ... More


Evolution and the ‘Species’: The Individual in Deep Time

Kate Hext

in Walter Pater: Individualism and Aesthetic Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780748646258
eISBN:
9780748693849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646258.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter argues that deep time is the most vivid challenge posed to the ?awed and fragile human subject in Pater's writings. It explores Pater's knowledge of, and belief in, Darwinian science, ... More


Enter Adaptation and the Conflict Between Isolation and Gradual Adaptive Change, 1836–1859

Niles Eldredge

in Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153164
eISBN:
9780231526753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153164.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the emergence of adaptation within the evolutionary domain. Charles Darwin, convinced of an impending rise of a natural law of adaptation, relates adaptation with two scenarios: ... More


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