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Reticulate evolution of disease vectors and diseases

Michael L. Arnold

in Reticulate Evolution and Humans: Origins and Ecology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199539581
eISBN:
9780191716225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539581.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A goal shared by this chapter with all the other parts of this book is to emphasize the ubiquity of reticulate evolution as an agent of genetic and evolutionary change. Another goal, unique to the ... More


Evolution of specificity and diversity

Denis C. Shields, Catriona R. Johnston, Iain M. Wallace, and Richard J. Edwards

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The divergence of proteins following gene duplication has long been recognized as an important process in the evolution of both new and specific protein functions. For functional divergence to occur, ... More


Detecting Positive Selection

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Positive natural selection, though rare in comparison with negative selection, is the main evolutionary force responsible for adaptive evolutionary change. Using the neutral theory to generate null ... More


Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

James A.R. Marshall

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Social behavior has long puzzled evolutionary biologists, since the classical theory of natural selection maintains that individuals should not sacrifice their own fitness to affect that of others. ... More


Adaptive Dynamics: A Framework for Modeling the Long-Term Evolutionary Dynamics of Quantitative Traits

Michael Doebeli

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

To describe evolution in the general case of frequency-dependent selection, one needs a mathematical framework that describes how fitness landscapes change dynamically as a consequence of ... More


Evading predators

Anne E. Magurran

in Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Trinidadian guppies provided one of the first experimental demonstrations that predators have a significant impact on behaviour and morphology. This chapter begins with a brief general introduction ... More


The Experimental Study of Reverse Evolution

Suzanne Estes and Henrique Teotónio

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the experimental researches on reverse evolution, and discusses adaptive landscape models, which provide a useful framework to quantify contingencies of evolutionary change. ... More


Evolution through Genetic Exchange

Michael L. Arnold

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199229031
eISBN:
9780191728266
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229031.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Even before the publication of Darwin's Origin of Species, the perception of evolutionary change has been a tree-like pattern of diversification — with divergent branches spreading further and ... More


Introduction

Rama S. Singh, Jianping Xu, and Rob J. Kulathinal

in Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Evolutionary rates not only reflect the tempo at which genotypes, phenotypes, and species lineages are transformed over time but also offer valuable insight into the evolutionary processes involved ... More


Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Rama S. Singh, Jianping Xu, and Rob J. Kulathinal (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Ever since the pioneering work of Darwin and Wallace, evolutionary biologists have attempted to understand the evolutionary dynamics of genetic systems. A range of theories on evolutionary rates — ... More


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