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The Intellectual Challenge of Morphological Evolution: A Case for Variational Structuralism

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores variational structuralism, whose core idea is that organisms and their parts play causal roles in shaping the patterns of phenotypic evolution. Drawing on the work of pioneers ... More


Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge: An Essay on the Cognitive Unconscious

Arthur S. Reber

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195106589
eISBN:
9780199871698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195106589.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The book is an extended essay on implicit learning, a topic that emerged in recent years as an important but previously overlooked process. Implicit learning is learning that takes place independent ... More


Conservation biology: past and present 1

Curt Meine

in Conservation Biology for All

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199554232
eISBN:
9780191720666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554232.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In this chapter, Curt Meine introduces the discipline by tracing its history. He also highlights the inter‐disciplinary nature of conservation science. Conservation biology emerged in the mid‐1980s ... More


Does Aging Stop?

Laurence D. Mueller, Casandra L. Rauser, and Michael R. Rose

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199754229
eISBN:
9780199896714
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754229.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book addresses the most paradoxical finding of recent aging research: the cessation of demographic aging. The authors show that aging stops at the level of the individual organism, and explain ... More


Evolutionary considerations: the primacy of the implicit

Arthur S. Reber

in Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge: An Essay on the Cognitive Unconscious

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195106589
eISBN:
9780199871698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195106589.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter introduces the foundations of the evolutionary model and develops the formal theory. The model is based on the assumption of the primacy of the implicit and axioms derived from Wimsatt's ... More


The Long Shadow of Metaphysics on Research Programs

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the implications of homology as a scientifically credible concept for the metaphysics of evolutionary biology, that is, the question of whether such words as “characters” can ... More


Mosaic neurobiology and anatomical plausibility *

Wendy K. Wilkins

in The Prehistory of Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199545872
eISBN:
9780191720369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545872.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter sets out a strategy for investigating the evolutionary biology of language. Central here is the following thesis: In order to understand the emergence of linguistic capacity as an ... More


Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Günter P. Wagner

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Homology—a similar trait shared by different species and derived from common ancestry, such as a seal's fin and a bird's wing—is one of the most fundamental yet challenging concepts in evolutionary ... More


Adaptive Diversification (MPB-48)

Michael Doebeli

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128931
eISBN:
9781400838936
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128931.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Understanding the mechanisms driving biological diversity remains a central problem in ecology and evolutionary biology. Traditional explanations assume that differences in selection pressures lead ... More


Repaying Darwin’s Debt to Agriculture

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book proposes new approaches to improving agriculture based on the principles of evolutionary biology and natural selection. It argues that two popular approaches to improving agriculture, ... More


 Introduction: The Body as Adaptive Agent

Robert C. Fuller

in Spirituality in the Flesh: Bodily Sources of Religious Experiences

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195369175
eISBN:
9780199871186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369175.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores the leverage that the body exerts on humanity's propensity toward religion. Recent research in the emotions, neurobiology, sexuality, pain, and the chemical components of ... More


Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Patrizia d'Ettorre and David P. Hughes (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Communication is the cornerstone of socially interacting groups. This is self-evident for human societies but not for bacterial biofilms, and super-colonies that span whole continents and ... More


Chances and causes in evolutionary biology: How many chances become one chance

Roberta L. Millstein

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0020
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

As a number of biologists and philosophers have emphasized, ‘chance’ has multiple meanings in evolutionary biology. Seven have been identified. The chapter argues that there is a unified concept of ... More


The Conditions for Existence as a Unifying Concept in Evolutionary Biology

John O. Reiss

in Not by Design: Retiring Darwin's Watchmaker

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520258938
eISBN:
9780520944404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520258938.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers some of the ways in which the conditions for existence can serve as a unifying concept in evolutionary biology. It examines some of the areas in which recognition of the ... More


What Has Worked: ImproviNg Cooperation within Species

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses approaches that have worked in the past in improving cooperation within species. Taking a multidisciplinary approach, with evolutionary biology at the center, it argues that we ... More


Meeting at Grand Central: Understanding the Social and Evolutionary Roots of Cooperation

Lee Cronk and Beth L. Leech

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154954
eISBN:
9781400845484
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154954.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

From the family to the workplace to the marketplace, every facet of our lives is shaped by cooperative interactions. Yet everywhere we look, we are confronted by proof of how difficult cooperation ... More


The Past, the Present, and the Future of the Adaptive Landscape

Erik I Svensson and Ryan Caisbeek

in The Adaptive Landscape in Evolutionary Biology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199595372
eISBN:
9780191774799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595372.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sewall Wright’s classic Adaptive Landscape has been a highly successful metaphor and scientific concept in evolutionary biology. It has influenced many different research subdisciplines in ... More


Evolution 101: The Power of Natural Selection

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers some definitions and fundamental concepts of evolutionary biology, with a particular focus on the power of natural selection to improve the adaptation of individual plants and ... More


Randomness in Evolution

John Tyler Bonner

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157016
eISBN:
9781400846429
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157016.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book challenges a central tenet of evolutionary biology. The book makes the bold and provocative claim that some biological diversity may be explained by something other than natural selection. ... More


Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Tony D. Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This book is an up-to-date and comprehensive account of research on avian reproduction. It develops two unique themes: the consideration of female avian reproductive physiology and ecology, and an ... More


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