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The Evolution of Altruism via Social Addiction

Julie Hui and Terrence Deacon

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Each generation of evolutionary biologists has brought a fresh wave of attempts to answer the evolutionary riddle of altruism. However, none describe how such a condition could incrementally evolve ... More


Warty Hammer Orchids, Adaptations, and Darwin

John Alcock

in An Enthusiasm for Orchids: Sex and Deception in Plant Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182743
eISBN:
9780199790005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182743.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes the warty hammer orchid, a plant with an amazingly unflower-like flower that attracts a particular wasp, which is deceived into attempting to mate with the flower. Darwin’s ... More


Mammalian Diversification: From Chromosomes to Phylogeography

Eileen Lacey (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098534
eISBN:
9780520916098
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098534.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This book combines a series of research papers with more informal recollections of James L. Patton, who served as Curator of Mammals in the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology and as Professor of ... More


The Relative Significance of Epigenetic Inheritance in Evolution: Some Philosophical Considerations

James Griesemer

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0031
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the significance of epigenetic inheritance in evolutionary biology. It focuses on the differing theoretical goals and commitments of mechanistic molecular biologists and ... More


Punctuated Equilibria and Speciation: What Does It Mean to Be a Darwinian?

Patricia Primehouse

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

This chapter investigates whether Niles Eldredge and Stephen Jay Gould's theory of punctuated equilibrium challenges the central foundations of Darwinism. It argues that punctuated equilibrium has ... More


Introduction Rereading the Fossil Record

David Sepkoski

in Rereading the Fossil Record: The Growth of Paleobiology as an Evolutionary Discipline

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748559
eISBN:
9780226748580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748580.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology

The fossil record was widely considered as an imperfect text for supporting evolutionary theory by evolutionary biologists, so paleobiologists came up with the strategy to “reread” that text in a ... More


Stability and Instability in Ecological Systems: Gaia Theory and Evolutionary Biology

Francesco Santini and Lodovico Galleni

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0033
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the strong criticism received by the Gaia theory and geophysiology from neo-Darwinian evolutionary biologists. Given that until very recently evolutionary theory was dominated ... More


An Interview with John Maynard Smith

Philip Husbands, Owen Holland, and Michael Wheeler

in The Mechanical Mind in History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262083775
eISBN:
9780262256384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262083775.003.0015
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

John Maynard Smith (1920–2004) was one of the great evolutionary biologists, making many important contributions, including the application of game theory to understanding evolutionary strategies, ... More


Convergent Evolution: Limited Forms Most Beautiful

George McGhee

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016421
eISBN:
9780262298872
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016421.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Charles Darwin famously concluded On the Origin of Species with a vision of “endless forms most beautiful” continually evolving. More than 150 years later, many evolutionary biologists see not ... More


The critical steps

Tim Lenton and Andrew Watson

in Revolutions that made the Earth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199587049
eISBN:
9780191775031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587049.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter aims to identify the most likely candidates for critical steps – truly difficult events that may have determined the pace of evolution through Earth history. A good place to start is the ... More


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