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Believing by Faith: A Jamesian Position

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Following James — and using his notion of a ‘genuine option’ — it is proposed that doxastic ventures are permissible provided the issue is ‘forced’, of sufficient importance, and essentially ... More


Freedom, God, and Worlds

Michael J. Almeida

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199640027
eISBN:
9780191741937
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640027.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is a principal aim of this book to show that several widely believed and largely undisputed principles in philosophical theology are in fact just philosophical dogmas. The well-entrenched ... More


Three Epistemic Principles: Discrimination, Evidential Transmission, and Favouring

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter suggests that if we wish to retain the closure principle, then there is a burden upon us to explain what this knowledge of the entailed proposition is in virtue of, and that means that ... More


Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

John Bishop

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Can it be justifiable to commit oneself ‘by faith’ to a religious claim when its truth lacks adequate support from one's total available evidence? After critiquing both Wittgensteinian and Reformed ... More


The History of English DO

D. Gary Miller

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume II: Morphological, Syntactic, and Typological Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199583430
eISBN:
9780191595288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583430.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Do underwent four main structural reanalyses. The first (merger in v) took do from a causative verb to a factual/evidential auxiliary. There was also a semantically empty variant ... More


The Epistemic Justifiability of Faith‐beliefs: An Ambiguity Thesis

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

It is initially plausible that people are morally entitled to take faith-beliefs to be true only when held on the basis of adequate evidential support. This moral evidentialism is parsed into (1) the ... More


Responses to Evidential Ambiguity: Isolationist and Reformed Epistemologies

John Bishop

in Believing by Faith: An Essay in the Epistemology and Ethics of Religious Belief

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205547
eISBN:
9780191709432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205547.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers whether fideism might be avoided through alternative approaches to the (assumed) evidential ambiguity of theism. Isolationist (Wittgensteinian) epistemology (often linked to ... More


 The Debate about Tianhuang Daowu and Tianwang Daowu in the Late Ming

Jiang Wu

in Enlightenment in Dispute: The Reinvention of Chan Buddhism in Seventeenth-Century China

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195333572
eISBN:
9780199868872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333572.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The chapter introduces the beginning of the second controversy in the late Ming. This dispute concerns the identity of Tianhuang Daowu and Tianwang Daowu in the Tang dynasty. The author summarizes ... More


Critical Distance: Stabilising Evidential Claims in Archaeology

ALISON WYLIE

in Evidence, Inference and Enquiry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264843
eISBN:
9780191754050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264843.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

This chapter adopts a philosophical perspective on evidential reasoning in archaeology. It argues that strong relativist and scientistic positions in debates within anthropological archaeology are ... More


Are there Universal Principles or Forms of Evidential Inference? Of Inference Networks and Onto-Epistemology

PETER TILLERS

in Evidence, Inference and Enquiry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264843
eISBN:
9780191754050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264843.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

This chapter discusses the limitations of approaches to modelling and handling evidential issues using hierarchical network representations. Such models of evidential inference rest on the compound ... More


Naturalism and Ontology

Mary Leng

in Mathematics and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199280797
eISBN:
9780191723452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280797.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter clarifies and motivates the naturalist premise of the indispensability argument, which holds that we should look to our best scientific theories to discover what we have reason to ... More


Problems of and Explanations for Evil

Michael J. Murray

in Nature Red in Tooth and Claw: Theism and the Problem of Animal Suffering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199237272
eISBN:
9780191717291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237272.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter offers an overview of recent attempts to argue that evil provides powerful if not decisive reasons for rejecting theism. Those arguments aim to show that we have sufficient reason to ... More


The Arguments from Evil

Thomas Holden

in Spectres of False Divinity: Hume's Moral Atheism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579945
eISBN:
9780191722776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579945.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines Hume's nuanced treatment of the problem of evil, including his handling of the so-called logical problem, the inference problem, and the evidential problem. Hume has been widely ... More


Evidential Arguments from Evil, against the Existence of God

Bruce Langtry

in God, the Best, and Evil

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238798
eISBN:
9780191716485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238798.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter attacks four recent, representative evidential arguments: Michael Tooley's, William L. Rowe's, and J. L. Schellenberg's, and an argument from horrific evils, arising from Chapter 6. ... More


Can Faith be Discussed?

Paul Helm

in Faith with Reason

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256631
eISBN:
9780191698330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256631.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the thesis that religious claims can be debated and discussed in a philosophical vein in a similar way to, say, scientific or political claims. It distinguishes two broad views ... More


Evidence

Earl Conee and Richard Feldman

in Epistemology: New Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Evidentialism is the view that epistemic justification is a product of evidence. Evidentialism holds that the justification of attitudes other than belief is also determined by evidence. When one's ... More


In Defense of the Causal Theory of Memory

Sven Bernecker

in Memory: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577569
eISBN:
9780191722820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577569.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The interpretations of the memory connection proposed in the literature fall into three categories: the evidential retention theory, the simple retention theory, and the causal retention theory. This ... More


Does it Matter whether a Miracle-like Event Happens to Oneself rather than to Someone Else?

Luc Bovens

in Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Let a miracle-like event be an event that is seemingly indicative of the existence of an all-good, all-knowing and all-powerful being, and yet might occur in a naturalistic world, though this would ... More


The Problem of Evil

David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls

in Good God: The Theistic Foundations of Morality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751808
eISBN:
9780199894840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751808.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Whereas some are moved by the moral law within, others see the moral imperfections and injustices of this world and think the weight of moral evidence stands against the existence of a good and ... More


Dispositions and Modalities

Jr. Henry E. Kyburg

in Science & Reason

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195062533
eISBN:
9780199853038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195062533.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Probabilistic connections are simple to reproduce counterfactually or hypothetically, since this involves simply adding the required statements to our evidential corpus without worrying about erasing ... More


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