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Evidence, Inference and Enquiry

Philip Dawid, William Twining, and Mimi Vasilaki (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264843
eISBN:
9780191754050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264843.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

Evidence — its nature and interpretation — is the key to many topical debates and concerns such as global warming, evolution, the search for weapons of mass destruction, DNA profiling, and ... More


The Need for Evidence-Based Public Health

Ross C. Brownson, Elizabeth A. Baker, Terry L. Leet, Kathleen N. Gillespie, and William R. True

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195397895
eISBN:
9780199827183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195397895.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter includes five sections which cover the following topics: (1) the relevant background issues, including definitions, providing an overview of evidence-based medicine, and other concepts ... More


Knowledge to Action?: Evidence-Based Health Care in Context

Sue Dopson and Louise Fitzgerald

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199259014
eISBN:
9780191718113
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259014.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management

Health services can and should be improved by applying research findings about best practice. This book explores why it proves notoriously difficult to implement change based on research evidence in ... More


Facts/Values: Ten Principles of Values-Based Medicine

Jennifer Radden (ed.)

in The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195149531
eISBN:
9780199870943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149531.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Values-based medicine (VBM) is the theory and practice of effective health-care decision making for situations in which legitimately different (and hence potentially conflicting) value perspectives ... More


Evidence-Based Medicine as Empiric Medicine

Miriam Solomon

in Making Medical Knowledge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198732617
eISBN:
9780191796838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732617.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter begins with an account of the development of the elements of evidence-based medicine: the randomized controlled trial, evidence hierarchies, meta-analysis, and systematic review. It ... More


Evidence-Based Medicine

John S. Haller

in Shadow Medicine: The Placebo in Conventional and Alternative Therapies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169042
eISBN:
9780231537704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169042.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter recounts the emergence of orthodox medicine. Medical care and medical education emerged as a scientific enterprise in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, with the help of the ... More


What is evidence for population health?

Richard F. Heller

in Evidence for Population Health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529743
eISBN:
9780191723919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529743.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Why do we need to consider evidence for population health and how can it draw on the success of evidence-based medicine? This chapter describes the Population Health Evidence Cycle: Ask, collect; ... More


Introduction: Beyond the Art and Science of Medicine

Miriam Solomon

in Making Medical Knowledge

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198732617
eISBN:
9780191796838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732617.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Chapter 1 introduces consensus conferences, evidence-based medicine, translational medicine and narrative medicine. It shows that each was introduced with claims about how transformative for medicine ... More


The Chasm between Evidence and Practice: Extent, Causes, and Remedies

Richard S. W. Smith

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Studies consistently show that health care practitioners are poor at processing statistical information on risk. Indeed, almost everybody in health care, apart from a few people with advanced ... More


Making Medical Knowledge

Miriam Solomon

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198732617
eISBN:
9780191796838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732617.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Consensus conferences, evidence-based medicine, translational medicine, and narrative medicine are among the most prominent new methods in medicine. This book explores their origins and aims, their ... More


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